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Flashcards in unit iv vocab Deck (32):
0

Money that congress has allocated to be spent

Appropriation

1

Congressional committee that deals with federal spending

Appropriations Committee

2

Authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court

Appellate jurisdiction

3

Departments, agencies, bureaus, and commissions in the executive branch of government

Bureaucracy

4

Personal work done by a member of congress for his constituents

Casework

5

Concerns non criminal disputes between private parties

Civil law

6

Lawsuit brought on behalf of a class of people against a defendant

Class action lawsuit

7

Rules Committee rule that bans amendments to a bill

Closed rule

8

Senate motion to end a filibuster that requires a 3/5 vote

Cloture

9

Written by a Supreme Court justice who votes with the majority, but for different reasons

Concurring opinion

10

Works out a compromise between differing House-Senate versions of a bill

Conference committee

11

The people who are represented by elected officials

Constituents

12

A motion to force a bill to the House floor that has been bottled up in committee

Discharge petition

13

Written by a Supreme Court justice who expresses a minority viewpoint

Dissenting opinion

14

An agreement between the president and another head of state that, unlike a treaty, does not require senate consent

Executive agreement

15

Presidential rule or regulation that has the force of law

Executive order

16

The privilege of a president and his staff to withhold their conversations from congress or the courts

Executive privilege

17

Nonstop senate debate that prevents a bill from coming to a vote

Filibuster

18

Senate committee that handles tax bills

Finance Committee

19

Allows members of congress to send mail to their constituents free

Franking privilege

20

Redrawing district lines to favor one party at the expense of the other

Gerrymandering

21

Senate maneuver that allows a senator to stop or delay consideration of a bill or presidential appointment

Hold

22

House action that formally charges an official with wrongdoing

Impeachment

23

Vote required to convict in impeachment

2/3 senate

24

Refusal of a president to spend money that has been appropriated by Congress

Impoundment

25

Court order that forbids a party from performing a certain action

Injunction

27

Philosophy that the courts should take an active role in solving problems

Judicial activism

28

Philosophy that the courts should defer to elected lawmakers in setting policy, rather than making law

Judicial restraint

29

Power of the courts to review the constitutionality of laws or government actions

Judicial review

30

Court case which established judicial review

Marbury v. Madison, 1803

31

Ongoing process of congressional monitoring of the executive branch to ensure that the latter complies with the law

Legislative oversight

32

Process in which Congress overturned rules and regulations proposed by executive agencies

Legislative veto