Flashcards in Chapter 13: The Federal Bureaucracy Deck (73)
Even at a time when Americans accepted the need for a strong federal government they what?
Doubted the basic motivations of the people who work for it
"a government ill executed, whatever it may be in theory, must be, in practice, a bad government"
Federalist paper number 70 written by Hamilton
Who did the framers leave the details of the administrative structure of government to?
The first Congress and President
What were the two key decisions the framers made about who would be responsible for executing laws?
First, they prohibited members of the House and Senate from holding executive branch positions.
Second, the framers decided not to give Congress the power to appoint the treasurer of United States
What does article one, section 6 of the Constitution state?
That House and Senate representatives cannot hold executive branch positions when they are in office
Article one, section 6 prevented members of Congress from what?
Creating jobs for themselves and the executive branch, a common form of corruption in England prior to the Revolutionary war; simultaneous service in both branches would weaken the separation of powers
The vast majority working six agencies in the government, what are they? (There is only really four)
1. The departments of that Army, the Navy, and the Air Force (Department of Defense)
2. The Department of Veteran's affairs
3. The Department of Homeland Security
4. The US Postal Service
All federal agencies are created by acts of Congress, therefore Congress can get rid of them how?
Abolish them by passing a new law or by withholding funds
A form of organization that operates through impersonal, uniform rules and procedures
A bureaucracy made sure that every what job was...
Carefully designed to ensure faithful performance by well-trained, highly motivated bureaucrats, or employees
A career government employee
Bureaucracy and bureaucrats are often invoked to what?
Criticize red tape and waste
In theory, government bureaucracies are designed to what?
Hold every employee in the organization accountable to the president through a chain of command that describes who is responsible for every decision; bureaucracies are designed to increase efficiency and lower costs
In reality, governmental bureaucracies are what?
Particularly difficult to manage because of their size, interest groups connections, and political history
Why is governmental bureaucracy hard to manage?
One, duplication overlap across departments and agencies can create confusion about which agencies responsible for a problem
Two, even within a single agency, bureaucracy often creates dense layers of management that keep information from moving up and down the organization quickly
What is one way to think of a bureaucracy?
The game telephone; information can get lost or misunderstood just like in the game of telephone where the messages are distorted as they are whispered from one person to another
Usually the largest organization and government; also the highest rank in federal hierarchy
A government entity that is independent of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
A government agency or commission with regulatory power whose independence is protected by Congress
Independent regulatory commission
A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program
List the departments with the most employees
Defense Department, Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Homeland Security, Department of the Treasury, and the Department of Justice
List the departments by budget
Department of health and Human Services, Department of Defense
The Department of Health and Human Services is an umbrella for what other services?
FDA, the National Institutes of Health, and the CDC
The Department of Homeland Security is an umbrella for what other departments?
The Coast Guard, Immigration and Naturalization service, Custom Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Secret Service, and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
The 15 executive branch departments are:
Department of State, Department of the Treasury, Department of Defense, Department of Justice, Department of the Interior, Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Labor, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Department of Transportation, Department of Energy, Department of Education, Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Homeland Security
The government's independent regulatory commissions were created to...
"Get on the backs" of people and corporations, whether to protect consumers, regulate stock markets, oversee federal election laws, monitor television and radio, regulate business, control the supply of money, or watch over nuclear power plants
Independent regulatory commissions are part of the Federal bureaucracy but have a measure of independence because...
They are headed not by a single executive but by a small number of commissioners who are appointed by the president, with Senate confirmation, for fixed terms of office
Why are independent regulatory commissions less responsive to political pressure?
Commissioners cannot be removed from office without cause, which is defined by law to mean "inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office"
Independent regulatory commissions do not have to have their decisions reviewed by the judicial branch. True or false?
False; their decisions are subject to judicial reviews because they are not completely independent