social welfare Flashcards Preview

ap gov archive > social welfare > Flashcards

Flashcards in social welfare Deck (58)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the two kinds of social welfare programs?

majoritarian and client

2

Welfare programs where nearly everyone has the opportunity to benefit, and nearly everyone foots the bill.

Majoritarian

3

2 examples of majoritarian welfare programs

Social Security and Medicare

4

A test of income to verify qualification

Means test

5

Welfare programs where few people benefit but nearly everyone pays

Client welfare programs

6

2 examples of client welfare programs

Food Stamps and medicaid

7

The biggest concern facing majoritarian programs

Cost

8

The biggest concern facing client programs

Legitimacy, or who should benefit and how

9

Why are majoritarian programs so hard to change?

They create so much controversy, no politician wants to touch them

10

As popular opinions change, what type of program is most likely to be affected?

Client

11

What type of aid is more popular over money?

Services

12

Country where redistributing income from wealthier to poor is common

Sweden

13

Year the Social Security Act was passed

1935

14

When the Social Security Act was passed, how many similar programs existed in European countries?

22

15

What crisis brought about the need for social security?

The Great Depression

16

Who has more control over the welfare system? Federal gov. or the states?

States. Due to Federalism

17

Prohibits religious organizations from using public funds to promote their religion

Charitable Choice Legislation

18

2 examples of nongovernmental welfare institutions

Big Brothers Big Sisters, Catholic charities

19

What year was FDR elected?

1932

20

How long did FDR plan to use cash bail outs and relief agencies?

Just for the short term Depression relief

21

2 Long Term Welfare solutions created by Cabinet Committee on Economic Security

Insurance and assistance programs

22

How are insurance welfare programs funded?

They're self financing, meaning workers contribute while times are good and benefit when they can no longer work

23

Who benefits from insurance welfare?

The unemployed and the elderly

24

How is eligibility for assistance programs determined?

Means test

25

What political party tends to favor national health care plans?

Democratic

26

Presidents known for their national healthcare plans

Obama and Johnson

27

What is the biggest problem with Social Security?

As the population ages, there will not be enough people paying in to cover the cost of all the benefits

28

3 proposed ideas to remedy the problems with Social Security

Raise the retirement age to 70, privatize social security, and permit citizens to invest these taxes into carefully organized mutual funds

29

How much was spent on Medicare in 1990?

$110 billion

30

Who does medicare provide benefits to?

Anyone over 65