social welfare Flashcards Preview

ap gov archive > social welfare > Flashcards

Flashcards in social welfare Deck (58):
1

What are the two kinds of social welfare programs?

majoritarian and client

2

Welfare programs where nearly everyone has the opportunity to benefit, and nearly everyone foots the bill.

Majoritarian

3

2 examples of majoritarian welfare programs

Social Security and Medicare

4

A test of income to verify qualification

Means test

5

Welfare programs where few people benefit but nearly everyone pays

Client welfare programs

6

2 examples of client welfare programs

Food Stamps and medicaid

7

The biggest concern facing majoritarian programs

Cost

8

The biggest concern facing client programs

Legitimacy, or who should benefit and how

9

Why are majoritarian programs so hard to change?

They create so much controversy, no politician wants to touch them

10

As popular opinions change, what type of program is most likely to be affected?

Client

11

What type of aid is more popular over money?

Services

12

Country where redistributing income from wealthier to poor is common

Sweden

13

Year the Social Security Act was passed

1935

14

When the Social Security Act was passed, how many similar programs existed in European countries?

22

15

What crisis brought about the need for social security?

The Great Depression

16

Who has more control over the welfare system? Federal gov. or the states?

States. Due to Federalism

17

Prohibits religious organizations from using public funds to promote their religion

Charitable Choice Legislation

18

2 examples of nongovernmental welfare institutions

Big Brothers Big Sisters, Catholic charities

19

What year was FDR elected?

1932

20

How long did FDR plan to use cash bail outs and relief agencies?

Just for the short term Depression relief

21

2 Long Term Welfare solutions created by Cabinet Committee on Economic Security

Insurance and assistance programs

22

How are insurance welfare programs funded?

They're self financing, meaning workers contribute while times are good and benefit when they can no longer work

23

Who benefits from insurance welfare?

The unemployed and the elderly

24

How is eligibility for assistance programs determined?

Means test

25

What political party tends to favor national health care plans?

Democratic

26

Presidents known for their national healthcare plans

Obama and Johnson

27

What is the biggest problem with Social Security?

As the population ages, there will not be enough people paying in to cover the cost of all the benefits

28

3 proposed ideas to remedy the problems with Social Security

Raise the retirement age to 70, privatize social security, and permit citizens to invest these taxes into carefully organized mutual funds

29

How much was spent on Medicare in 1990?

$110 billion

30

Who does medicare provide benefits to?

Anyone over 65

31

3 problems with medicare

People go to the doctor when they don't need to, some doctors overcharge the government, and the government cuts too many costs--lowering coverage

32

Proposed solutions to the problems with Medicare include:

Having health care professionals work for the government, and allowing seniors to use their Medicare benefits to purchase private health insurance

33

Act which affords prescription drug coverage to qualified seniors, passed in 2006

Medicare Modernization Act

34

Created old age pensions

Social Security Act

35

What happens when both the benefits and costs of a proposed program are widely distributed?

It will be adopted if the beneficiaries think their benefits will exceed their costs

36

What was the main argument for conservatives against Social Security?

Nothing in the constitution authorized the federal government to spend money for it

37

Welfare is a policy that is reserved for the ....

States

38

Social security was an easy argument to make when?

During the Great Depression

39

1965, conservatives argued that medical care was a ________, not governmental matter

Private

40

When benefits of a proposal are to go to a relatively small group but the public pay at large

Client politics

41

Created by the Social Security Act

AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children)

42

providing cash assistance to indigent American families with dependent children through the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families)

43

How can politics of policy issues be affected by changes in people's perceptions?

They are concerned with who bears the burdens and receives the benefits

44

In addition to Medicare, another important part of the nations's healthcare is....

Medicaid

45

A need based comprehensive medical and hospitalization program

Medicaid

46

Medicaid is designed to cover citizens with....

Low income

47

Medicaid is ran jointly by the federal government and the states. True or false?

True

48

What role does the Federal Government play in Medicaid?

They require a minimum level of benefits the state must offer through Medicaid

49

What is the role the state plays in Medicaid?

They have leeway to determine income levels and other criteria

50

An overriding and persistent concern in regards to the educational system

Equity

51

What does the Elementary and Second Education Act of 1965 come from?

Brown vs. Board of Education

52

What did George W. Bush create in 2001?

No Child Left Behind Act

53

No Child Left Behind requires...

•All students will be at a proficient level for math an reading by 2014
•Schools can only hire qualified teachers in core subjects

54

What are two kinds of benefits that the government provides?

• Cash (retiree's SS)
• Noncash (food stamps)

55

Only available to people whose income falls below a designated threshold

Means Tested Benefits

56

What are two acceptable Means Tested Benefits?

College grants and free lunch programs

57

What are two examples of non-mean tested benefits?

Medicare and social security

58

Benefits apply to all people regardless of income

Non-Means Tested Benefits