Flashcards in social welfare Deck (58)
What are the two kinds of social welfare programs?
majoritarian and client
Welfare programs where nearly everyone has the opportunity to benefit, and nearly everyone foots the bill.
2 examples of majoritarian welfare programs
Social Security and Medicare
A test of income to verify qualification
Welfare programs where few people benefit but nearly everyone pays
Client welfare programs
2 examples of client welfare programs
Food Stamps and medicaid
The biggest concern facing majoritarian programs
The biggest concern facing client programs
Legitimacy, or who should benefit and how
Why are majoritarian programs so hard to change?
They create so much controversy, no politician wants to touch them
As popular opinions change, what type of program is most likely to be affected?
What type of aid is more popular over money?
Country where redistributing income from wealthier to poor is common
Year the Social Security Act was passed
When the Social Security Act was passed, how many similar programs existed in European countries?
What crisis brought about the need for social security?
The Great Depression
Who has more control over the welfare system? Federal gov. or the states?
States. Due to Federalism
Prohibits religious organizations from using public funds to promote their religion
Charitable Choice Legislation
2 examples of nongovernmental welfare institutions
Big Brothers Big Sisters, Catholic charities
What year was FDR elected?
How long did FDR plan to use cash bail outs and relief agencies?
Just for the short term Depression relief
2 Long Term Welfare solutions created by Cabinet Committee on Economic Security
Insurance and assistance programs
How are insurance welfare programs funded?
They're self financing, meaning workers contribute while times are good and benefit when they can no longer work
Who benefits from insurance welfare?
The unemployed and the elderly
How is eligibility for assistance programs determined?
What political party tends to favor national health care plans?
Presidents known for their national healthcare plans
Obama and Johnson
What is the biggest problem with Social Security?
As the population ages, there will not be enough people paying in to cover the cost of all the benefits
3 proposed ideas to remedy the problems with Social Security
Raise the retirement age to 70, privatize social security, and permit citizens to invest these taxes into carefully organized mutual funds
How much was spent on Medicare in 1990?