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Flashcards in chapter 9: campaigns and elections Deck (56):
0

An election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins

Winner take all system

1

An electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official

Single member district

2

An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote

Proportional legislation

3

The electoral system used in electing the president and Vice President

Electoral college

4

Voters vote for electors pledged to cast their votes for a particular party's candidates

Electoral college

5

An elected office that is predictably one by a particular party

Safe seat

6

A meeting of a local party members to choose party officials and decide the platform

Caucus

7

Financial contributions by individuals or groups in the hope of influencing the outcome of an election and subsequently influencing policy

Interested money

8

Contributions to a state or local party

Soft money

9

Promoting a particular position or an issue paid for by interest groups or individuals--not candidates

Issue advocacy

10

Interest groups organized under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code, may advertise for or against candidates

527 groups

11

Money spent by individuals or groups, not associated with candidates to elect or defeat candidates for office

Independent expenditures

12

Which election convinced people the system needs improvement? Why?

The 2000 presidential election, because the winner was unclear

13

Why do we have fixed and standard terms?

To add predictability

14

Length of term for a House representative

2 years

15

Length of term for a senator

6 years

16

How many senators are up for election at a given time?

1/3

17

A politician who cannot or will not run again

Lame duck

18

What portion of voters approve of term limits?

3/4

19

What section of government, by ruling of the Supreme Court, doesn't need to limit terms?

Congress

20

Another name for winner take all

First past the post

21

To win most elections, politicians do not need a majority but _______.

Plurality

22

In 2000, how many congressmen were decided by plurality?

Ten (3 senators and 7 house members)

23

How do minor parties fair in the system of winner take all and single member districts?

It's difficult to win

24

3 countries who practice proportional representation

Germany, Israel, and Japan

25

An elector who does not cast his or her vote based on their state's popular winner

Faithless elector

26

How are electoral votes allotted in most states?

The popular winner in the people's vote takes all the electoral votes for that state

27

What states split electoral votes?

Nebraska and Maine

28

If no candidate gets a majority of electoral vote, who chooses president and Vice President?

House and Senate, respectively

29

When has the vote for president and VP gone to congress?

1800, when there was a tie between Jefferson and Burr,
and in 1824, Adams and Jackson (Adams narrowly won)

30

What was the Corrupt Bargain of 1824?

Clay, who came in fourth in the election, threw his support behind Adams during the congressional vote for president. As a thank you, Adams made him his VP.

31

Who won the popular vote in the election of 2000? Who won president?

Gore (popular won by 500,000) and Bush (electoral victory by 5) respectively.

32

How many times has the popular vote not won the presidency?

4

33

In 1824, who won the popular vote?

Jackson. But after an electorate tie, Adams took the presidency

34

What state has the most electoral votes?

California at 55

35

Is it possible to have a president and Vice President from two different parties?

Yes, if the vote goes to congress and the house and senate are controlled by two different parties.

36

Amendment which limits president to two terms

22nd

37

Plurality

Largest number of votes

38

Amendment which requires electors to vote separately for president and Vice President

12th

39

Who counts electoral ballots?

Congress

40

Where do electors gather to cast their vote?

Their state capitols

41

More money in a campaign does what for competitiveness?

Increases

42

Drawing district boundaries which enhanced the reelection prospects of incumbents or one party

Partisan gerrymandering

44

Who spends more in a House campaign? (Incumbent or challenger)

Incumbent, 3:1

45

3 focuses of Federal Election Campaign Acts

Disclosure, limitations on campaign contributions, and subsidies

46

Why are limitations on campaign contributions controversial?

Threatens freedom of expression promised in first amendment

47

Who conducts federal elections?

The states

48

Where do subsidies for presidential campaigns come from?

People can choose to contribute to the fund by checking a box on their income taxes

49

Why did Obama opt not to accept subsidies in his 2008 campaign?

He did not want to limit his spending

50

How much can PACS contribute to each election? (Primary and General)

$5,000

51

What is another name for BCRA?

McCain-Feingold Bill

52

In 2010, what did Citzens United vs FEC establish?

Corporations can air ads explicitly criticizing candidates, but they cannot contribute financially to any campaign

53

Most well known Conservative 527.

Swift Vote Veterans

54

Most well known Democrat 527

Move On

55

What percent of the popular vote must minor presidential candidates receive in order to get subsidies on their campaigns?

15%

56

PACS putting together funds for several different groups

Bundling