Flashcards in chapter 9: campaigns and elections Deck (56)
An election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins
Winner take all system
An electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official
Single member district
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote
The electoral system used in electing the president and Vice President
Voters vote for electors pledged to cast their votes for a particular party's candidates
An elected office that is predictably one by a particular party
A meeting of a local party members to choose party officials and decide the platform
Financial contributions by individuals or groups in the hope of influencing the outcome of an election and subsequently influencing policy
Contributions to a state or local party
Promoting a particular position or an issue paid for by interest groups or individuals--not candidates
Interest groups organized under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code, may advertise for or against candidates
Money spent by individuals or groups, not associated with candidates to elect or defeat candidates for office
Which election convinced people the system needs improvement? Why?
The 2000 presidential election, because the winner was unclear
Why do we have fixed and standard terms?
To add predictability
Length of term for a House representative
Length of term for a senator
How many senators are up for election at a given time?
A politician who cannot or will not run again
What portion of voters approve of term limits?
What section of government, by ruling of the Supreme Court, doesn't need to limit terms?
Another name for winner take all
First past the post
To win most elections, politicians do not need a majority but _______.
In 2000, how many congressmen were decided by plurality?
Ten (3 senators and 7 house members)
How do minor parties fair in the system of winner take all and single member districts?
It's difficult to win
3 countries who practice proportional representation
Germany, Israel, and Japan
An elector who does not cast his or her vote based on their state's popular winner
How are electoral votes allotted in most states?
The popular winner in the people's vote takes all the electoral votes for that state
What states split electoral votes?
Nebraska and Maine
If no candidate gets a majority of electoral vote, who chooses president and Vice President?
House and Senate, respectively