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Flashcards in chapter 9: campaigns and elections Deck (56)
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An election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins

Winner take all system

1

An electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official

Single member district

2

An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote

Proportional legislation

3

The electoral system used in electing the president and Vice President

Electoral college

4

Voters vote for electors pledged to cast their votes for a particular party's candidates

Electoral college

5

An elected office that is predictably one by a particular party

Safe seat

6

A meeting of a local party members to choose party officials and decide the platform

Caucus

7

Financial contributions by individuals or groups in the hope of influencing the outcome of an election and subsequently influencing policy

Interested money

8

Contributions to a state or local party

Soft money

9

Promoting a particular position or an issue paid for by interest groups or individuals--not candidates

Issue advocacy

10

Interest groups organized under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code, may advertise for or against candidates

527 groups

11

Money spent by individuals or groups, not associated with candidates to elect or defeat candidates for office

Independent expenditures

12

Which election convinced people the system needs improvement? Why?

The 2000 presidential election, because the winner was unclear

13

Why do we have fixed and standard terms?

To add predictability

14

Length of term for a House representative

2 years

15

Length of term for a senator

6 years

16

How many senators are up for election at a given time?

1/3

17

A politician who cannot or will not run again

Lame duck

18

What portion of voters approve of term limits?

3/4

19

What section of government, by ruling of the Supreme Court, doesn't need to limit terms?

Congress

20

Another name for winner take all

First past the post

21

To win most elections, politicians do not need a majority but _______.

Plurality

22

In 2000, how many congressmen were decided by plurality?

Ten (3 senators and 7 house members)

23

How do minor parties fair in the system of winner take all and single member districts?

It's difficult to win

24

3 countries who practice proportional representation

Germany, Israel, and Japan

25

An elector who does not cast his or her vote based on their state's popular winner

Faithless elector

26

How are electoral votes allotted in most states?

The popular winner in the people's vote takes all the electoral votes for that state

27

What states split electoral votes?

Nebraska and Maine

28

If no candidate gets a majority of electoral vote, who chooses president and Vice President?

House and Senate, respectively

29

When has the vote for president and VP gone to congress?

1800, when there was a tie between Jefferson and Burr,
and in 1824, Adams and Jackson (Adams narrowly won)