Unit 1 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Vocab Deck (24):
0

Money granted by fed to state for broad purpose

Block grant

1

Money granted to state for narrow purpose

Categorical grant

2

Money granted for transportation

Block grant

3

Money granted for school lunch program

Categorical grant

4

Those who favor greater national authority rather than states rights

Centralists

5

System in which each branch of government can limit the power of the other two branches

Checks and balances

6

Presidential veto

Checks and balances

7

Gives congress the power to regulate commerce among the states, foreign nations, and Indian tribes

Commerce clause

8

Granted through article 1 section 8 of the constitution

Commerce clause

9

Those powers held by both congress and the state

Concurrent powers

10

System in which sovereign states are only loosely tied to a central government

Confederation

11

The US under the Articles of Confederation was a

Confederation

12

Those who favor greater state authority rather than national authority

Decentralists

13

System in which the people rule themselves

Direct democracy

14

States that congress can exercise those powers that are "necessary and proper" for carrying out the enumerated powers

Elastic clause

15

Those powers that are specifically granted to congress in article 1 section 8 of the constitution

Enumerated powers

16

Constitutional sharing of power between a central government and state governments

Federalism

17

System in which the national government and state governments are coequal, with each being dominant within it's respective sphere

Dual federalism

18

System in which both federal government and state governments cooperate in solving problems

Cooperative federalism

19

System in which the national government restored greater authority back to the states

New federalism

20

1803 court case which est the power of judicial review

Marbury vs Madison

21

1819 court case which est the principle of national supremacy and validity of implied powers

McCulloch vs Maryland

22

Powers of the state to protect the public health, safety, morals, and welfare of the public

Police powers

23

Shays rebellion

1786 revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and foreclosure that was a factor in the calling if the constitutional convention