Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Weight Management: Finding a Healthy Balance Deck (95)
_______ exhibit a round appearance and a predominance of the gut and visceral organs
list 3 sports that require an endomorph body type
wrestling, weight-lifting and throwing events
_______ exhibit a predominance of muscle
list 3 sports that require a mesomorph body type
body building, swimming and decathlon
_______ exhibit a predominance of linearity and tend to be tall and thin
list 4 sports that require a ectomorph body type
marathon, basketball, horse-racing and high-jump
having an excess of body fat beyond some particular standard
for a male (aged 17-50) to be classified as obese, their body fat percentage has to be above ____%
for a female (aged 17-50) to be classified as obese, their body fat percentage has to be above ____%
true or false: obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the western world
true or false: 45% of Canadian men are considered obese
FALSE: 35% of Canadian men are considered obese
true or false: 27% of Canadian women are considered obese
list 6 health problems associated with obesity
1) coronary heart disease
6) Some cancers
obese individuals are often viewed as _____ (just like to eat), however, they do not generally consume large amounts of calories
true or false: physically active individuals have been shown to consume more calories than obese individuals
is obesity more often the result of too little activity or the result of overeating?
more often the result of too little activity
result of a long term change in energy balance that results in gradual fat gain over a period of time
____ extra calories per day results in 1 pound of weight gain per week.
500 extra calories
true or false: overweight automatically means obese
FALSE: overweight does not necessarily mean obese
what is important when making the distinction between overweight and obese?
what has happened to the weight loss industry as the obesity rates rise?
it has become a billion-dollar industry
what are 3 examples of fad diets?
1) high protein, low carb
2) high carb, low protein
3) limited food choice diets (grapefruit)
true or false: most diets are ineffective and can be hardmful
what is the best approach to weight management?
following Canada's food guide and engaging in regular physical activity
what 4 things can chronic dieting lead to?
1) retardation of physical growth
2) menstrual irregularities in females
3) lowered metabolic rate
4) development of eating disorders
what are the 2 major eating disorders within the general population?
1) anorexia nervosa
2) bulimia nervosa
what is a related syndrome to anorexia and bulimia?
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
list 7 factors involved in the development of eating disorders
1) dissatisfaction with body image
2) distortions in thinking
3) perfectionist beliefs
4) excessive self-criticism
5) fear of fat
6) excessive dieting
7) preoccupation with food
individuals affected by anorexia nervosa typically weigh less than ___% of normal weight