Chapter 12 - Weight Management: Finding a Healthy Balance Flashcards Preview

Intro kinesiology > Chapter 12 - Weight Management: Finding a Healthy Balance > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Weight Management: Finding a Healthy Balance Deck (95)
Loading flashcards...
61

_______ exhibit a round appearance and a predominance of the gut and visceral organs

endomorphs

62

list 3 sports that require an endomorph body type

wrestling, weight-lifting and throwing events

63

_______ exhibit a predominance of muscle

mesomorphs

64

list 3 sports that require a mesomorph body type

body building, swimming and decathlon

65

_______ exhibit a predominance of linearity and tend to be tall and thin

ectomorphs

66

list 4 sports that require a ectomorph body type

marathon, basketball, horse-racing and high-jump

67

obesity

having an excess of body fat beyond some particular standard

68

for a male (aged 17-50) to be classified as obese, their body fat percentage has to be above ____%

20%

69

for a female (aged 17-50) to be classified as obese, their body fat percentage has to be above ____%

30%

70

true or false: obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the western world

true

71

true or false: 45% of Canadian men are considered obese

FALSE: 35% of Canadian men are considered obese

72

true or false: 27% of Canadian women are considered obese

true

73

list 6 health problems associated with obesity

1) coronary heart disease
2) stroke
3) hypertension
4) Diabetes
5) Osteoarthritis
6) Some cancers

74

obese individuals are often viewed as _____ (just like to eat), however, they do not generally consume large amounts of calories

gluttonous

75

true or false: physically active individuals have been shown to consume more calories than obese individuals

true

76

is obesity more often the result of too little activity or the result of overeating?

more often the result of too little activity

77

creeping obesity

result of a long term change in energy balance that results in gradual fat gain over a period of time

78

____ extra calories per day results in 1 pound of weight gain per week.

500 extra calories

79

true or false: overweight automatically means obese

FALSE: overweight does not necessarily mean obese

80

what is important when making the distinction between overweight and obese?

body composition

81

what has happened to the weight loss industry as the obesity rates rise?

it has become a billion-dollar industry

82

what are 3 examples of fad diets?

1) high protein, low carb
2) high carb, low protein
3) limited food choice diets (grapefruit)

83

true or false: most diets are ineffective and can be hardmful

true

84

what is the best approach to weight management?

following Canada's food guide and engaging in regular physical activity

85

what 4 things can chronic dieting lead to?

1) retardation of physical growth
2) menstrual irregularities in females
3) lowered metabolic rate
4) development of eating disorders

86

what are the 2 major eating disorders within the general population?

1) anorexia nervosa
2) bulimia nervosa

87

what is a related syndrome to anorexia and bulimia?

Binge Eating Disorder (BED)

88

list 7 factors involved in the development of eating disorders

1) dissatisfaction with body image
2) distortions in thinking
3) perfectionist beliefs
4) excessive self-criticism
5) fear of fat
6) excessive dieting
7) preoccupation with food

89

individuals affected by anorexia nervosa typically weigh less than ___% of normal weight

85%

90

what are 5 symptoms with anorexia nervosa?

1) dry skin
2) amenorrhea
3) reduced bone mass
4) brittle nails
5) carotene pigmentation (yellowish appearance of the palms and soles of the feet)