Chapter 2 - Workforce Safety and Wellness of the EMT Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 2 - Workforce Safety and Wellness of the EMT > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Workforce Safety and Wellness of the EMT Deck (34):
1

Stress reaction resulting from exposure to a high-stress situation.

Acute stress reaction

2

Occurs from exposure to high-stress situation; however, the signs and symptoms are not evident immediately.

Delayed stress reaction

3

Stress reaction as a result of constant exposure to stressful situations that build over time.

Cumulative stress reaction

4

Ideally held within 24-72 hours of a critical incident.

Critical incident stress debriefing

5

A version of CISD held within 1 to 4 hours following a critical incident.

Defusing

6

Five emotional stages of death :

Denial (not me..)
Anger (why me..)
Bargaining (okay, but first let me..)
Depression (okay, but I haven't..)
Acceptance (okay, I am not afraid..)

7

Microscopic single-celled organisms that have the capability of reproducing on their own with a host (patients body) that can provide a favorable environment and food supply.

Bacteria

8

Even smaller than bacteria, cannot grow on their own but require a host cell to reproduce.

Viruses

9

Plant like micro organisms that typically do not cause infection in a person with a normally functioning immune system.

Fungi

10

Single-celled organisms that are typically found in the soil and are able to move.

Protozoa

11

Parasitic worms, such as round worms, flukes, and tapeworms that cause infection.

Helminths

12

Protecting yourself from disease transmission through exposure to blood and other body fluids.

Standard precautions

13

The equipment utilized for standard precautions.

PPE

14

The process of washing a soiled object with soap and water.

Cleaning

15

Includes cleaning, but also involves using a hospital grade disinfectant or germicide to kill many of the microorganisms that may be present on the surface of the object.

Disinfecting

16

The process by which an object is subject to a chemical or physical substance (such as superheated steam in an auto clave) that kills all microorganisms on the surface of an object.

Sterilization

17

State of exhaustion and irritability.

Burnout

18

Hepatitis B virus symptoms :

Fatigue
Nausea and loss of appetite
Abdominal pain
Headache
Fever
Yellowish color of skin and whites of eyes (jaundice)
Dark urine

19

Hepatitis C symptoms :

Jaundice (yellow color to skin and eyes)
Fatigue
Abdominal pain (may be located in right upper quadrant)
Nausea
Dark urine
Loss of appetite

20

Tuberculosis symptoms :

Fever
Cough (often coughing up blood)
Night sweats
Weight loss

21

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome symptoms

Persistent, low-grade fever
Night sweats
Swollen lymph glands
Loss of appetite
Nausea
Persistent diarrhea
Headache
Sore throat
Fatigue
Weight loss
Shortness of breath
Mental status changes
Muscle joint aches
Rash
Various opportunistic infections

22

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome symptoms :

High fever of usually greater than 100°F
Headache and body ache
General feeling of discomfort
Respiratory symptoms
Diarrhea
Dry cough

23

West Nile Virus symptoms :

Severe :
High fever
Headache be stiff neck
Confusion and disorientation to coma
Seizures
Muscle weakness
Numbness
Paralysis
Vision loss

Mild :
Fever
Headache and body ache
Nausea and vomiting
Skin rash to chest, stomach, and back
Soreness to neck from swollen lymph glands

24

HIV/AIDS transmission mode :

Blood, semen, vaginal fluid, blood transfusion, needlestick, transplacental

25

Hep B and C transmission mode :

Blood, semen, vaginal fluid, needlestick, transplacental, human bite, sexual contact (HBV)

26

Tuberculosis transmission mode :

Respiratory secretions, airborne or direct contact

27

Influenza transmission mode :

Airborne droplets, direct contact with body fluids

28

Chicken pox (varicella) transmission mode :

Airborne droplets, direct contact with open sores

29

Bacterial meningitis transmission mode :

Oral and nasal secretions

30

Pneumonia transmission mode :

Respiratory secretions and droplets

31

German measles (rubella) transmission mode :

Airborne droplets, transplacental

32

Whooping cough (pertussis) transmission mode :

Respiratory secretions, airborne droplets

33

Staphylococcal skin infection transmission mode :

Direct contact with infected lesion or contaminated object

34

Severe acute respiratory (SARS) coronavirus transmission mode :

Respiratory airborne, direct contact

Decks in EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition Class (44):