collectively the tibio femoral and patellofemoral joints are called the _____ joints
what is the common name for the talocrural joint?
dorsiflexion and plantar flexion occur at the ____ joint
decreases the angle between the dorsum of the foot and the anterior surface of the leg
increases the angle
inversion and eversion occur at certain ______ joints.
movement of the foot so that its plantar surface faces medially
movement of the foot so that its plantar surface faces laterally
flexion extension hyperextension abduction adduction circumduction rotation
synovial , modified hinge
flexion extension hyperextension rotation
dorsiflexion and plantarflexion
synovial ; plane
synovial ; condylar
flexion extension, hyper, abduction, adduction , circumduction
flexion extension hyperextension
how are the upper and lower limbs structurally similar?
- both have three segments
- both have a girdle that attaches them to axial skeleton
- girdles articulate with the first segment by a ball and socket joint
the major function of the upper limbs ______ requires great deal of _____
prehension requires a great deal of mobility
the major function of the lower limbs ____ and _____ require ____ and _____.
the major function of the lower limbs support and locomotion requires strength and stability
smaller bones and joints make the upper limbs ___
larger bones and joints increase the ____ and ____ of the lower libs
strength and stability
the hand is capable of fine movements because its digits are ____, unlike those of the foot
the almost flat glenoid cavity ____ the amount of movement allowed at the shoulder joint
the acetabulum is deep so it _____ movement at a hip joint, making it stronger and more stable
restricts movement at the hip joint
true of false: the scapulas articulate with the vertebral colum?
the strong tight ____ make the pelvis a strong stable base
the strength and tightness of the hip joints ____ mobility of the pelvic girdle and thus the lower limbs
decrease the mobility