Flashcards in Chapter 4- Tissue Organization Deck (83)
The primary tissue types found in the human body is...
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural
The type of tissue that covers exposed surfaces and lines internal passageways and body cavities...
The two types of layering recognized in epithelial tissues are...
Simple and stratified
The type of cells that form glandular epithelium that secretes enzymes and buffers in the pancreas and salivary glands are...
Simple cuboidal epithelium
The type of epithelial tissue found along the ducts that drain sweat glands is...
Stratified cuboidal epithelium
A single layer of epithelial cells covering a basal lamina is termed...
Simple epithelial cells are characteristics of regions where...
Secretion and absorption occur
From a surface view, cells that look like fried eggs laid side by side are...
Stratified epithelium has several cell layers above the basal lamina and is usually found in areas where...
Mechanical or chemical stresses occur
Cells that form a neat row with nuclei near the center of each cell and that appears square in typical sectional views are...
The major structural difference between columnar epithelia and cuboidal epithelia that the columnar epithelia...
Are taller and slender and the nuclei are crowded into a narrow band close to the basement membrane
Simple squamous epithelium would be found in the following area(s) of the body...
1. Urinary tract and inner surface of circulatory system
2. Respiratory surface of lungs
3. Lining of body cavities
Stratified columnar epithelia provide protection along portions of...
Reproductive, digestive, respiratory, and urinary
Glandular epithelia contain cells that produce...
Exocrine and endocrine secretions
The three basic components of all connective tissues are...
Specialized cells, extra cellular protein fibers, and ground substance
The two most abundant cell populations found in connective tissue proper are...
Fibroblasts and fibrocytes
Most do the volume in loose connective tissue is made up of...
The major purpose of adipose tissue in the body are...
Energy storage, cushioning, and insulation
Reticular tissue forms the basic framework and organization for several organs that have...
A complex three-dimensional structure
Tendons are cords of dense regular connective tissue that...
Attach skeletal muscles to bones
Ligaments are bundles of elastic and collagen fibers that...
Connect one bone to another bone
The three major subdivisions of the extra cellular fluid in the body are...
Plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph
Bone functions as a supporting connective tissue because...
1. The collagen fibers act like steel reinforcing rods
2. The mineralized matrix acts like concrete
3. Minerals surrounding the collagen fibers produce a strong, flexible combination that is highly resistant to shattering
The two types of supporting connective tissue are...
Cartilage and bone
The type of tissue that fills internal spaces and provides structural support and a framework for communication within the body is...
The three major types of cartilage found in the body are...
Hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage
The pads that lie between the vertebrae of the spinal column contain...
The mucous membranes that are lined by simple epithelia perform the functions of...
Absorption and secretion
The mesothelium of serous membranes is very thin, a structural characteristic that makes them...
Bone cells found in the lacunae within the matrix are called...
The layers of connective tissue that create the internal framework of the body are responsible for...
1. Providing strength and stability
2. Maintaining the relative positions of internal organs
3. Providing a route for the distribution of blood vessels
Muscle tissue has the ability to...
Contract and produce active movement
The three types of muscle tissue found in the body are...
Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
Skeletal muscle fibers are very unusual because they may be...
A foot or more in length, and each cell contains hundreds of nuclei
Neural tissue is specialized to...
Carry electrical impulses from one part of the body to another
The major function of neurons in neural tissue is to...
Transmit signals that take the form of changes in the transmembrane potential
Structurally, neurons are unique because they are the only cells in the body that have...
Axons and dendrites
The restoration of homeostasis after and injury involves two related processes, which are...
Inflammation and regeneration
The release of histamine by mast cells at an injury site produces the following responses...
Redness, warmth, and swelling
With advancing age, the...
Energy consumption in general declines
The four primary tissue types found in the body are connective, muscle, epithelial, and...
.....refers to the structural and functional differences between apical and basal surfaces of epithelia.
The epithelium that lines the body cavity is the..
The lining of the heart and blood vessels is called a(n)...
In merocrine secretion, the product is released through...
Of the four primary types, the tissue that stores energy in bulk quantities is...
The most common fibers in connective tissue proper are...
Connective tissue fibers forming a branching, interwoven framework that is tough but flexible describes...
The collagen fibers that connect one bone to another are the...
Cartilage cells, or......, divide and contribute additional matrix during interstitial growth.
The loose connective tissue of a mucous membrane is called the...
A layer of areoles tissue and fat,.......,separates the skin from underlying tissues and organs.
The only type of muscle tissue that is under voluntary control is...
Neural tissue contains several different kinds of supporting cells called...
The death of cells or tissues from disease or injury is referred to as...
An accumulation of pus in an enclosed tissue space is called an...
With advancing age, tissue repair....and cancer rates....
If epithelial tissues are classified according to their cell shape, the classes would include...
Squamous, cuboidal, and columnar
If epithelial cells are classified according to their function, the classes would include those involved with...
Lining, covering, and storage
Epithelial tissues are differentiated from the other tissue types because they...
1. Always have a free surface exposed to the environment or to some internal chamber or passageway
2. Have little space between adjacent epithelial cells
3. Do not contain blood vessels
Certain epithelial cells are called pseudo stratified columnar because...
They have a layered appearance but all the cells contact the basal lamina
Three modes of secretion by glandular epithelial cells are...
Merocrine, apocrine, and Holocene secretions
Milk production in the breasts occurs through...
Apocrine and merocrine secretions
Holocrine secretions differ from other methods of secretions because...
The product is released but the cell is destroyed
Examples of exocrine glands that secrete onto some internal or external surface are...
Sweat and salivary
The two fluid connective tissues found in the human body are...
Blood and lymph
Supporting connective tissues found in the body are...
Cartilage and bone
The common factor shared by the three connective tissue fiber types is that all three types are...
Abundant in all major organs of the body
During a weight loss program when nutrients are scarce, adipocytes...
Deflate like collapsing balloons
Hyaline cartilage serves to...
Connect the ribs to the sternum
Summarizing the structural and functional properties of skeletal muscle tissue, it can be considered...
Striated voluntary muscle
The major identifying feature characteristic of mucous membranes is that...
They line cavities that communicate with the exterior
Mucous membranes would be found primarily in which of the following systems?
Digestive, respiratory, reproductive, and urinary
The pleura, peritoneum, and pericardium are examples of...
The primary function of a serous membrane is to...
Reduce friction between the parietal and visceral surfaces
In contrast to serous or mucous membranes, the cutaneous membrane is...
Thick, relatively waterproof, and usually dry
Which of the following examples of intercellular connections found in epithelia?
1. Cell adhesion molecules
2. Gap junctions
A component that synovial fluid and ground substance have in common is the presence of...
The capsules that surround most organs such as the kidneys and organs in the thoracic and peritoneal cavities are bound to the...
The only avascular type of connective tissue is...
Tissue destruction that occurs after cells have been injured or destroyed is called...
Which of the following best defines inflammation?
A coordinated defense that produces redness, swelling, heat, and pain