Chapter 4- Tissue Organization Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Tissue Organization Deck (83)
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The primary tissue types found in the human body is...

Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural

1

The type of tissue that covers exposed surfaces and lines internal passageways and body cavities...

Epithelial

2

The two types of layering recognized in epithelial tissues are...

Simple and stratified

3

The type of cells that form glandular epithelium that secretes enzymes and buffers in the pancreas and salivary glands are...

Simple cuboidal epithelium

4

The type of epithelial tissue found along the ducts that drain sweat glands is...

Stratified cuboidal epithelium

5

A single layer of epithelial cells covering a basal lamina is termed...

Simple epithelium

6

Simple epithelial cells are characteristics of regions where...

Secretion and absorption occur

7

From a surface view, cells that look like fried eggs laid side by side are...

Squamous epithelium

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Stratified epithelium has several cell layers above the basal lamina and is usually found in areas where...

Mechanical or chemical stresses occur

9

Cells that form a neat row with nuclei near the center of each cell and that appears square in typical sectional views are...

Cuboidal epithelium

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The major structural difference between columnar epithelia and cuboidal epithelia that the columnar epithelia...

Are taller and slender and the nuclei are crowded into a narrow band close to the basement membrane

11

Simple squamous epithelium would be found in the following area(s) of the body...

1. Urinary tract and inner surface of circulatory system
2. Respiratory surface of lungs
3. Lining of body cavities

12

Stratified columnar epithelia provide protection along portions of...

Reproductive, digestive, respiratory, and urinary

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Glandular epithelia contain cells that produce...

Exocrine and endocrine secretions

14

The three basic components of all connective tissues are...

Specialized cells, extra cellular protein fibers, and ground substance

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The two most abundant cell populations found in connective tissue proper are...

Fibroblasts and fibrocytes

16

Most do the volume in loose connective tissue is made up of...

Ground substance

17

The major purpose of adipose tissue in the body are...

Energy storage, cushioning, and insulation

18

Reticular tissue forms the basic framework and organization for several organs that have...

A complex three-dimensional structure

19

Tendons are cords of dense regular connective tissue that...

Attach skeletal muscles to bones

20

Ligaments are bundles of elastic and collagen fibers that...

Connect one bone to another bone

21

The three major subdivisions of the extra cellular fluid in the body are...

Plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph

22

Bone functions as a supporting connective tissue because...

1. The collagen fibers act like steel reinforcing rods
2. The mineralized matrix acts like concrete
3. Minerals surrounding the collagen fibers produce a strong, flexible combination that is highly resistant to shattering

23

The two types of supporting connective tissue are...

Cartilage and bone

24

The type of tissue that fills internal spaces and provides structural support and a framework for communication within the body is...

Connective

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The three major types of cartilage found in the body are...

Hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage

26

The pads that lie between the vertebrae of the spinal column contain...

Fibrocartilage

27

The mucous membranes that are lined by simple epithelia perform the functions of...

Absorption and secretion

28

The mesothelium of serous membranes is very thin, a structural characteristic that makes them...

Extremely permeable

29

Bone cells found in the lacunae within the matrix are called...

Osteocytes

30

The layers of connective tissue that create the internal framework of the body are responsible for...

1. Providing strength and stability
2. Maintaining the relative positions of internal organs
3. Providing a route for the distribution of blood vessels

31

Muscle tissue has the ability to...

Contract and produce active movement

32

The three types of muscle tissue found in the body are...

Skeletal, cardiac, and smooth

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Skeletal muscle fibers are very unusual because they may be...

A foot or more in length, and each cell contains hundreds of nuclei

34

Neural tissue is specialized to...

Carry electrical impulses from one part of the body to another

35

The major function of neurons in neural tissue is to...

Transmit signals that take the form of changes in the transmembrane potential

36

Structurally, neurons are unique because they are the only cells in the body that have...

Axons and dendrites

37

The restoration of homeostasis after and injury involves two related processes, which are...

Inflammation and regeneration

38

The release of histamine by mast cells at an injury site produces the following responses...

Redness, warmth, and swelling

39

With advancing age, the...

Energy consumption in general declines

40

The four primary tissue types found in the body are connective, muscle, epithelial, and...

Neural

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.....refers to the structural and functional differences between apical and basal surfaces of epithelia.

Polarity

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The epithelium that lines the body cavity is the..

Mesothelium

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The lining of the heart and blood vessels is called a(n)...

Endothelium

44

In merocrine secretion, the product is released through...

Exocytosis

45

Of the four primary types, the tissue that stores energy in bulk quantities is...

Connective tissue

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The most common fibers in connective tissue proper are...

Collagen fibers

47

Connective tissue fibers forming a branching, interwoven framework that is tough but flexible describes...

Reticular fibers

48

The collagen fibers that connect one bone to another are the...

Ligaments

49

Cartilage cells, or......, divide and contribute additional matrix during interstitial growth.

Chondrocytes

50

The loose connective tissue of a mucous membrane is called the...

Lamina propria

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A layer of areoles tissue and fat,.......,separates the skin from underlying tissues and organs.

Superficial fascia

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The only type of muscle tissue that is under voluntary control is...

Skeletal

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Neural tissue contains several different kinds of supporting cells called...

Neuroglia

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The death of cells or tissues from disease or injury is referred to as...

Necrosis

55

An accumulation of pus in an enclosed tissue space is called an...

Abscess

56

With advancing age, tissue repair....and cancer rates....

Declines; increase

57

If epithelial tissues are classified according to their cell shape, the classes would include...

Squamous, cuboidal, and columnar

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If epithelial cells are classified according to their function, the classes would include those involved with...

Lining, covering, and storage

59

Epithelial tissues are differentiated from the other tissue types because they...

1. Always have a free surface exposed to the environment or to some internal chamber or passageway
2. Have little space between adjacent epithelial cells
3. Do not contain blood vessels

60

Certain epithelial cells are called pseudo stratified columnar because...

They have a layered appearance but all the cells contact the basal lamina

61

Three modes of secretion by glandular epithelial cells are...

Merocrine, apocrine, and Holocene secretions

62

Milk production in the breasts occurs through...

Apocrine and merocrine secretions

63

Holocrine secretions differ from other methods of secretions because...

The product is released but the cell is destroyed

64

Examples of exocrine glands that secrete onto some internal or external surface are...

Sweat and salivary

65

The two fluid connective tissues found in the human body are...

Blood and lymph

66

Supporting connective tissues found in the body are...

Cartilage and bone

67

The common factor shared by the three connective tissue fiber types is that all three types are...

Abundant in all major organs of the body

68

During a weight loss program when nutrients are scarce, adipocytes...

Deflate like collapsing balloons

69

Hyaline cartilage serves to...

Connect the ribs to the sternum

70

Summarizing the structural and functional properties of skeletal muscle tissue, it can be considered...

Striated voluntary muscle

71

The major identifying feature characteristic of mucous membranes is that...

They line cavities that communicate with the exterior

72

Mucous membranes would be found primarily in which of the following systems?

Digestive, respiratory, reproductive, and urinary

73

The pleura, peritoneum, and pericardium are examples of...

Serous membranes

74

The primary function of a serous membrane is to...

Reduce friction between the parietal and visceral surfaces

75

In contrast to serous or mucous membranes, the cutaneous membrane is...

Thick, relatively waterproof, and usually dry

76

Which of the following examples of intercellular connections found in epithelia?

1. Cell adhesion molecules
2. Gap junctions
3. Desmosomes

77

A component that synovial fluid and ground substance have in common is the presence of...

Hyaluronic acid

78

The capsules that surround most organs such as the kidneys and organs in the thoracic and peritoneal cavities are bound to the...

Deep fascia

79

The only avascular type of connective tissue is...

Cartilage

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Tissue destruction that occurs after cells have been injured or destroyed is called...

Necrosis

81

Which of the following best defines inflammation?

A coordinated defense that produces redness, swelling, heat, and pain

82

The loose connective tissue component of a mucous membrane is called the...

Lamina propria