Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (218)
Loading flashcards...
90

-poiesis

formation
production

91

-stasis

standing still

92

a-

without
not

93

allo-

other
differing from normal

94

aniso-

unequal
dissimilar

95

iso-

same
equal

96

macro-

large

97

micro-

small

98

mono-

one

99

poly-

many
much

100

The branch of medicine that studies blood cells, blood-clotting mechanisms, bone marrow, and lymph nodes

Hematology

101

The physician who specializes in the branch of hemotology medicine

hemotologist

102

The branch of medicine involving disorders of the immune system, including asthma and anaphylaxis, adverse reactions to drugs, autoimmune disease, organ transplantations, and malignancies of the immune system.

Allergy and immunology

103

A deficiency of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in the blood

Anemia

104

excessive blood loss

hemorrhagic anemia

105

excessive blood cell destruction

hemolytic anemia

106

decreased blood formation within bone marrow

aplastic anemia

107

difficulty breathing

dyspnea

108

tachycardia

rapid heartbeat

109

pallor

paleness

110

hypotension

low blood pressure

111

Serious form of anemia associated with bone marrow failure and resulting in erythropenia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia

Aplastic (hypoplastic)

112

Inability to produce sufficient red blood cells (RBCs) due to the lack of folic acid, a B vitamin essential for erythropoiesis

Folic-acid deficiency anemia

113

Destruction of RBCs, commonly resulting in jaundice

Hemolytic

114

Lack of sufficient iron in RBCs

Iron-deficiency anemia

115

Chronic, progressive anemia found mostly in people older than age 50 due to lack of sufficient vitamin B12 needed for blood cell development

Pernicious anemia

116

Inherited anemia that causes RBCs to become crescent or sickle shaped when oxygen levels are low

sickle cell anemia

117

An infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus HIV, which slowly destroys the immune system

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

118

infections that usually do not affect healthy individuals

opportunistic infections

119

when the immune system becomes weak

immunocompromised