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Medical Terminology > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (218)
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150

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

151

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

152

A malignancy of connective tissue, including bone, fat, muscle, and fibrous tissue

Kaposi sarcoma

153

Abnormal activation of the proteins involved in blood coagulation, causing small blood clots to form in vessels and cutting off the supply of oxygen to distal tissue

disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

154

Process in which a recipients immune system attacks a transplanted organ or tissue

graft rejection

155

Complication that occurs following a stem cell or bone marrow transplant in which the transplant produces antibodies against recipients organs that can be severe enough to cause death

graft-versus-host

156

Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel

hematoma

157

Any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule

hemoglobinopathy

158

Any disease of the lymph nodes

lymphadenopathy

159

Swelling, primarily in a single arm or leg, due to an accumulation of lymph within tissues caused by obstruction or disease in the lymph vessels

lymphedema

160

Malignant tumor of plasma cells (cells that help the body fight infection by producing antibodies) in bone marrow

multiple myeloma

161

Presence of bacteria or their toxins in the blood

sepsis

162

Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, kidneys, and joints and causes chronic inflammation

systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE)

163

Overproduction of platelets, leading to thrombosis or bleeding disorders due to platelet malformations

thrombocythemia

164

Abnormal decrease in platelets caused by low production of platelets in the bone marrow or increased destruction of platelets in the blood vessels, spleen, or liver

thrombocytopenia

165

Bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of von willebrand factor, a "sticky" protein that lines blood vessels and reacts with platelets to form a plug that leads to clot formation

Von Willebrand disease

166

Any form of treatment that alters, enhances, stimulates or restores the bodys natural immune mechanisms to treat disease

Immunotherapy

167

Injection with increasing strengths of the offending antigen given over a period of months or years to increase tolerance to an antigen responsible for sever allergies

allergy injections

168

Use of immune system stimulators to enhance the immune response in the treatment of certain forms of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn disease

biological

169

Removal of a small sample of bone marrow using a thin aspirating needle for microscopic examination

bone marrow aspiration

170

Infusion of healthy bone marrow stem cells after the diseased bone marrow is destroyed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy; used to treat leukemia, aplastic anemia, and certain cancers

bone marrow transplant

171

Infusion of the patients own bone marrow or stem cells after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation

autologous

172

Infusion of bone marrow or stem cells from a compatible donor after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation

homologous

173

Removal of lymph nodes, especially in surgical procedures undertaken to remove malignant tissue

lymphadenectomy

174

Removal of the fist node (sentinel node) that receives drainage from cancer containing areas and the one most likely to contain malignant cells

sentinel node excision

175

Infusion of blood or blood products form one person (donor) to another person (recipient)

transfusion

176

Test to identify antibodies that attack the nucleus of the individuals own body cells (auto-antibodies)

antinuclear antibody (ANA)

177

Test to determine the presence of pathogens in the bloodstream

blood culture

178

Series of tests that includes hemoglobin; hematocrit; red and white cell counts, platelet count; and differential (diff)count; also called hemogram

complete blood count (CBC)

179

Non specific rapid serological test for the presence of the heterophile antibody, which develops several days after infection by Epstein- Barr virus, the organism that caused infectious mononucleosis

monospot