congenital cardiovascular disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in congenital cardiovascular disease Deck (15)
1

what is the most common congenital cardiovascular disease

VSD

then ASD, PDA

2

are the following diseases cyanotic?
ASD, VSD, PDA

no

3

are the following cyanotic?
fallots
transposition of great vessel

yes

4

will these be cyanotic?

pulmonary stenosis
valve atresia
hypoplastic left heart

yes

5

what are possible signs of CHD

murmur
tachycardia
tachypnoea
cyanosis
heart failure
clubbing
squatting
syncope
SOB
failure to thrive

6

what are possible complications of CHD

infective endocarditis (abnormal endothelium)
paradoxical embolism
polycythaemia so thrombosis

7

what Is eisenmengers complex

reversed shunt due to pulmonary hypertension in VSD

8

what investigations might confirm CHD

echocardiography
cardiac cathertisation

9

what type of ASD is most common

ostium secundum - mid septum , less serious

10

what are the signs of an ASD

dilation of pulmonary artery
murmur over pulmonary valve
acyanotic
may lead to right heart overload

11

what are the signs of a VSD

pansystolic murmur
may be heart failure

12

what murmur would you hear in a PDA

machinery murmur
bounding pulse

13

What drug treats PDA

indomethacin- inhibits prostaglandin

14

what are the 4 parts of fallots tetralogy

VSD
over riding aorta
pulmonary valve stenosis
RVH

15

how does squatting help

diverts blood to pulmonary arteries by raising aortic and systemic pressure