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Flashcards in treating cardiovascular patients Deck (12)
1

what are the steps for treating chronic heart failure

DAB to all

spironolactone or eplerenone to nearly all

selected treatments eg resynchronisation therapy and pacemakers

2

what is given to prolong the survival of angina pectoris patients

Statin
ace inhibitor
aspirin
beta blocker

3

what is used to relieve the symptoms of angina pectoris

beta blocker
calcium blocker
nitrates
coronary angioplasty
ivabradine or ranolazine
surgery

4

what biomarker defines an MI

troponin

5

what is the treatment for a stemi

aspirin
angioplasty
thrombolysis
clopidogrel or ticagrelor
heparin
fondaparinux
statin
ace inhibitor
b blocker
SAAB

6

what is the treatment for nstemi

aspirin and clopidogrel or ticagrelor
fondaparinux
angioplasty (non emergency)

SAAB

7

what does fondaparinux do

inhibits factor x

8

how would you treat ongoing chest pain

glycoprotein inhibitor eg tirofiban

9

what 3 outcomes do you want to achieve in AF

prevent emboli
control rate
control rhythm

10

how do you prevent emboli in patients with AF

rivaroxaban or warfarin

11

how can rhythm be controlled in AF

dc cardioversion
amiodarone
sotalol
flecainide

12

how would you treat a stroke due to thromboemboli

aspirin
clopidogrel
indapamide
ACE inhibitor
thrombolysis