Endocrine Diseases Flashcards Preview

Dental Pathology > Endocrine Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine Diseases Deck (48):
1

acidophils produce?

GH, LH, prolactin

2

basophils produce?

TSH, ACTH, FSH

3

chromophobes?

precursors or spent cells

4

posterior pituitary?

oxytocin and vasopressin

5

pituitary tumor that typically does not produce hormoes; symptoms secondary to local mass effects?

chromophobe adenomas

6

pituitary tumor that produces GH, LH and protactin?

acidophil adenoma

7

caused by GH producing tumor prior to closing of growth plates?

gigantism

8

caused by GH producing tumor after closing of growth plates?

acromegaly

9

impotence in males, amenorrhea in females?

LH producing acidophil adenoma

10

most common, lactation, galactorrhea, amenorrhea?

prolactin producing acidophil adenoma

11

cushing disease (adrenal cortical hyperfunction)?

ACTH producing basophil adenoma

12

rare cause of hyperthyroidism?

TSH producing basophil adenoma

13

resemble ameloblastomas of the jaws?

craniopharyngioma

14

accelerated growth; McCune-Albright syndrome; enlarged sella turcica; macrodontia?

gigantism

15

reduced life span with complications including hypertension, peripheral neuropathy, pulmonary disease?

gigantism

16

excess production of GH after closure of epiphyseal plates?

acromegaly

17

renewed growth in the small bones of the hands and feet and membranous bones of the skull and jaws?

acromegaly

18

anterior open bite and spacing of teeth; coarse facial features; sleep apnea; macroglossia?

acromegaly

19

hypopituitarism; infarction of the pituitary secondary to post partum hemorrhage and shock?

sheehan's syndrome

20

decreased sexual function; decreased metabolism; cachexia; loss of skin pigment and hair; other endocrine glands will undergo atrophy?

sheehan's syndrome

21

hypofunction of posterior pituitary; secondary to a variety of factors affecting the hypothalamus or pituitary (trauma; surgery)?

diabetes insipidus

22

secondary to reduced production of growth hormone or reduced response (abnormal and reduced receptors)?

pituitary dwarfism

23

short stature, with normal proportions, with the exception being small facial proportions; delayed shedding of deciduous teeth; delayed permanent tooth eruption, with delayed root development; lack of 3rd molars; low levels of human growth hormone?

pituitary dwarfism

24

thyroid gland requires .... and .... for normal function?

iodine and TSH

25

enlargement of thyroid?

goiter

26

simple goiter is most commonly due to .... deficiency?

iodine

27

exopthalmic goiter; secondary to autoantibody production which binds to and stimulates TSH receptors?

grave's disease

28

hyperthyroidism; symptoms associated with increased metabolic rate; eyelid retraction and lid lag, exophthalmos?

grave's disease

29

elevated free thyroxine and depressed TSH levels?

hyperthyroidism

30

congenital hypothyroidism; secondary to maternal iodine deficiency or congenital defect?

cretinism

31

adult hypothyroidism; secondary to iodine deficiency, surgery, idiopathic atrophy and fibrosis?

myxedema

32

lethargy, weakness and fatigue; dry coarse skin; swelling of the face and extremities; bradycardia; husky voice; macroglossia; thickened lips; delayed tooth eruption?

hypothyroidism

33

elevated TSH?

hypothyroidism

34

lymphocytic thyroiditis; lymphocytic infiltration replaces the normal glandular parencyma; anti-TSH receptor antibodies; euthyroid or mildly hypothyroid?

Hashimoto's disease

35

kidney stones, bone lesions and ulcers of the duodenum; depression; brown tumors; osteitis fibrosa cystica; loss of lamina dura; altered trabecular pattern?

primary hyperparathyroidism

36

renal osteodystrophy?

secondary hyperparathyroidism

37

most commonly due to surgical removal of the parathyroid glands?

hypoparathyroidism

38

hypocalcemia; Chvostek's sign; decreased PTH and calcium; elevated phosphate and normal renal function?

hypoparathyroidism

39

secondary to massive adrenal hemorrhage (anticoagulant therapy, DIC, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome)

acute hypoadrenocortisism

40

chronic hypoadrenocortisism

Addison's disease

41

fatigue, irritability, depression, weakness and hypotension; hyperpigmentation; GI symptoms, salt craving?

Addison's

42

secondary to increased androgens; precocious virilism in males, masculinization or pseudohermaphroditism in females?

adrenogenital syndrome (hyperfunction)

43

hypercortisolism?

Cushing's

44

weight gain (buffalo hump, moon facies); abdominal striae; hirsutism; poor healing?

Cushings

45

retention of Na and loss of K leading to alkalosis, hypokalemia, tetany and tingling; polyuria, hypertension, weakness?

primary aldosteronism

46

common childhood tumor of adrenal medulla?

neuroblastoma

47

adrenal medulla tumor in children and adults?

ganglioneuroma

48

adrenal medulla tumor that may produce epi, leading to associated signs and symptoms. catecholamines may be present in the urine?

pheochromocytoma