Flashcards in Endocrine Diseases Deck (48)
GH, LH, prolactin
TSH, ACTH, FSH
precursors or spent cells
oxytocin and vasopressin
pituitary tumor that typically does not produce hormoes; symptoms secondary to local mass effects?
pituitary tumor that produces GH, LH and protactin?
caused by GH producing tumor prior to closing of growth plates?
caused by GH producing tumor after closing of growth plates?
impotence in males, amenorrhea in females?
LH producing acidophil adenoma
most common, lactation, galactorrhea, amenorrhea?
prolactin producing acidophil adenoma
cushing disease (adrenal cortical hyperfunction)?
ACTH producing basophil adenoma
rare cause of hyperthyroidism?
TSH producing basophil adenoma
resemble ameloblastomas of the jaws?
accelerated growth; McCune-Albright syndrome; enlarged sella turcica; macrodontia?
reduced life span with complications including hypertension, peripheral neuropathy, pulmonary disease?
excess production of GH after closure of epiphyseal plates?
renewed growth in the small bones of the hands and feet and membranous bones of the skull and jaws?
anterior open bite and spacing of teeth; coarse facial features; sleep apnea; macroglossia?
hypopituitarism; infarction of the pituitary secondary to post partum hemorrhage and shock?
decreased sexual function; decreased metabolism; cachexia; loss of skin pigment and hair; other endocrine glands will undergo atrophy?
hypofunction of posterior pituitary; secondary to a variety of factors affecting the hypothalamus or pituitary (trauma; surgery)?
secondary to reduced production of growth hormone or reduced response (abnormal and reduced receptors)?
short stature, with normal proportions, with the exception being small facial proportions; delayed shedding of deciduous teeth; delayed permanent tooth eruption, with delayed root development; lack of 3rd molars; low levels of human growth hormone?
thyroid gland requires .... and .... for normal function?
iodine and TSH
enlargement of thyroid?
simple goiter is most commonly due to .... deficiency?
exopthalmic goiter; secondary to autoantibody production which binds to and stimulates TSH receptors?
hyperthyroidism; symptoms associated with increased metabolic rate; eyelid retraction and lid lag, exophthalmos?
elevated free thyroxine and depressed TSH levels?
congenital hypothyroidism; secondary to maternal iodine deficiency or congenital defect?
adult hypothyroidism; secondary to iodine deficiency, surgery, idiopathic atrophy and fibrosis?
lethargy, weakness and fatigue; dry coarse skin; swelling of the face and extremities; bradycardia; husky voice; macroglossia; thickened lips; delayed tooth eruption?
lymphocytic thyroiditis; lymphocytic infiltration replaces the normal glandular parencyma; anti-TSH receptor antibodies; euthyroid or mildly hypothyroid?
kidney stones, bone lesions and ulcers of the duodenum; depression; brown tumors; osteitis fibrosa cystica; loss of lamina dura; altered trabecular pattern?
most commonly due to surgical removal of the parathyroid glands?
hypocalcemia; Chvostek's sign; decreased PTH and calcium; elevated phosphate and normal renal function?
secondary to massive adrenal hemorrhage (anticoagulant therapy, DIC, Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome)
fatigue, irritability, depression, weakness and hypotension; hyperpigmentation; GI symptoms, salt craving?
secondary to increased androgens; precocious virilism in males, masculinization or pseudohermaphroditism in females?
adrenogenital syndrome (hyperfunction)
weight gain (buffalo hump, moon facies); abdominal striae; hirsutism; poor healing?
retention of Na and loss of K leading to alkalosis, hypokalemia, tetany and tingling; polyuria, hypertension, weakness?
common childhood tumor of adrenal medulla?
adrenal medulla tumor in children and adults?