Environmental Diseases Flashcards Preview

Dental Pathology > Environmental Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Environmental Diseases Deck (35):
1

particulate diseases?

pneumoconioses

2

the most common pneumoconioses?

coal workers', silicosis, asbestosis

3

"black lung"

coal workers pneumoconiosis

4

which disease: increasing pulmonary dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, cor pulmonale

coal workers pneumoconiosis

5

the most prevalent chronic occupational disease in world?

silicosis

6

primary effector of silicosis?

TNF released by macrophages

7

concentrically arranged collagen fibers around an amorphous center?

silicotic nodules

8

which disease: pulmonary hypertension, cor pulmonale, increased risk of TB

silicosis

9

true or false: crystalline silica is a carcinogen

True

10

exposure to ... linked to localized plaques, diffuse fibrosis and mesothelioma

asbestos

11

pleural plaques of dense collagen and calcium?

asbestosis

12

acute alcoholic change?

mainly CNS, reversible fatty change (steatosis), gastritis/gastric ulceration

13

cirrhosis of liver and alcoholic hepatitis?

chronic alcoholic changes

14

mallory bodies?

alcoholic hepatitis

15

alcoholism associated with increased risk of ...

hepatocellular carcinoma

16

cherry red color of skin and mucous membranes?

acute CO poisoning

17

chronic effects of CO?

hypoxia, ischemic changes to CNS

18

which polluntant: hard tissue deposits, peripheral neuropathies and CNS abnormalities, anemia, stippling of red blood cells

lead

19

oral manifestation of lead?

lead line- lead sulfide from oral microflora

20

chronic exposure to ... yields hyperpigmentation and hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles

arsenic

21

... associated with increased risk of leukemia?

benzene

22

polycyclic hydrocarbons- ... and ... cancer

lung and bladder

23

dioxins- ... disorders, liver and CNS abnormalities

skin

24

vinyl chloride- ... of the liver

angiosarcoma

25

scraping or rubbing; removal of the superficial layer

abrasion

26

bruise

contusion

27

a tear caused by a blunt object

laceration

28

tear caused by a sharp object

incision

29

which classes of burn: full thickness, white, charred, dry, anesthetic, total destruction of epidermis/dermis

3rd/4th degree

30

which classes of burn: partial thickness, pink/mottled with blisters, painful

1st/2nd degree

31

organ systems most sensitive to radiation?

gonads, lymphoid, hematopoietic, lining of GI

32

beriberi

thiamin

33

wernickes encephalopathy

beriberi

34

which deficiency: glossitis, angular cheilitis, sore throat, anemia

riboflavin

35

dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia, beefy red tongue, stomatitis

niacin (pellagra)