Respiratory Pathology Flashcards Preview

Dental Pathology > Respiratory Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Pathology Deck (80)
Loading flashcards...
1

the "common cold", usually viral with bacterial infection developing thereafter; may involve pharynx, tonsils, bronchi?

rhinitis

2

allergic from of rhinitis?

hay fever

3

catarrhal discharge; mucopurulent discharge secondary to bacterial infection; recurrences may lead to polyp formation?

rhinitis

4

common infection secondary to breakdown in the normal secretion elimination system; predisposing factors: typically upper viral respiratory infection?

sinusitis

5

bacteria associated with sinusitis?

s. pneumoniae and h. influenzae

6

headache, fever, facial pain, malaise; nasal discharge; maxillary sinusitis may mimic a toothache?

sinusitis

7

treatment for acute sinusitis?

amoxicillin or appropriate antibiotic

8

treatment for chronic sinusitis?

sinus surgery

9

necrotizing granulomatous process of unknown etiology, classically affects upper airway, lungs, kidneys; epitaxis, pain, nasal obstruction; later signs include ulceration and destruction of adjacent tissue or structures; any organ may be involved?

Wegener's granulomatosis

10

oral lesions: large, chronic ulcers, "strawberry gums"?

Wegener's granulomatosis

11

subepithelial hemorrhage; poorly formed granulomas; scattered giant cells; vasculitis?

Wegener's granulomatosis

12

in diagnosis of Wegener's, look for ...?

c-ANCA

13

treatment of Wegener's?

prednisone and cyclophosphamide

14

aggressive, destructive process of T lymphocytes; adults; nasal stuffiness, epitaxis; deep necrotic ulcerations; may progress to palatal perforations?

extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type

15

necrosis and angiocentric arrangement of atypical inflammatory cells?

extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type

16

benign but aggressive vascular neoplasm of the nasopharynx; almost exclusively of male adolescents; resemblance to nasal turbinates?

nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

17

nasal obstruction, epitaxis; anterior bowing of the posterior wall of the maxillary sinus?

nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

18

dense fibrous connective tissue with myofibroblasts; numerous, variably-sized, thin-walled vessels?

nasopharyngeal angiofibroma

19

benign, papillary overgrowth of epithelium primarily on nasal septum?

papilloma

20

benign but aggressive neoplasm of the sinuses; high rate of recurrence and destruction with possible invasion of the orbit and cranial vault; inward growth of squamous epithelium?

inverted papilloma

21

malignancy of the nasopharyngeal mucosa that is more common in parts of Asia; associated with Epstein-Barr virus, vit. C deficiency; diets high in salted fish (nitrosamines)?

nasopharyngeal carcinoma

22

enlarged cervical nodes usually the first sign; unilateral serous otitis media and hearing loss?

nasopharyngeal carcinoma

23

common; secondary to viruses, diphtheria, cig smoking; may result in obstruction

laryngitis

24

"croup"; under age of 3; upper respiratory viral infection; loud breathing and cough with difficulty in breathing?

acute laryngotracheobronchitis

25

tumors; overgrowths of edematous inflammatory tissue, "Singer's nodes"

polyps

26

tumors; HPV related, single or multiple (children)

papillomas

27

associated with smoking, asbestos; ulcerated, fungated; hemoptysis, increasing hoarseness

squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx

28

heavy and wet lungs; development of pneumonia; left sided heart disease, allergies, CNS disorders

pulmonary congestion and edema

29

most common preventable cause of hospital death; deep vein thrombosis; dyspnea w/ or w/o shock or sudden death, pain, hemoptysis, acute or chronic cor pulmonale?

pulmonary embolism

30

large embolus at bifurcation of the pulmonary artery?

saddle embolus