FINISH STRONG PEDS EXAM V - Chapter 26 Flashcards Preview

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Any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.

Formal Def of Assistive Technology


Team whose potential members are:
child, family/caregivers, educators, classroom assistants, daycare workers, physical therapist, OT, speech language pathologist, vision specialist, audiologist, physician, case worker/social worker, rehabilitation engineer, assistive technology supplier

Assistive Technology Team


Anything that helps a person be more functional in daily life. Can be low technology or high technology.

Assistive Technology


Any service that assists an individual with a disability in selecting, acquiring, and using an assistive aid or device.

Assistive Technology services


This type of approach is necessary for successful assistive technology service delivery.

TEAM approach (GO TEAM!!!)
COTA and OTR are important members of the team.


This term should only be used to refer to aids & devices that are used daily to complete a given task. This type of technology targets function. (The goal is to make technology easy to access.)

Assistive technology


Type of technology that is only one aspect of an overall rehabilitation or education program. This type of technology targets dysfunction. (The technology is hard to access in order to challenge the client and is used temporarily.)

Rehabilitative or Educational Technology


Technology that is easy to obtain, easy to use, and of relatively low cost.

Low technology


More difficult to obtain this technology, requires greater skill to use, and is frequently more costly.

High technology


Any aid or device that provides benefit to the user with little to no training or development of skill. (Examples: eyeglasses or orthotics)

Assistive appliance


Requires the development of skill (a certain degree of training) in order for it to be of value to the user. (Examples: feeding machines, communication aids, and mobility aids)

Assistive tool


True or false: AT assessment is an ongoing process.



True or false: People with the same disability require the same devices.

False (Example: the same wheelchair is not recommended for every person who needs one.)


What is human factors engineering?

Field of study devoted to the interface between man and machines.


This describes how a user will interface with an assistive aid or device. The point of contact between the user and the aid or device.

(Example: We "access" the computer via a keyboard and/or mouse.)


A particular location on the body that can be used to operate a device. (Examples: hands, fingers, arms, the head, eyes, legs or feet.)

Control Site


What is direct selection?

A straightforward method for making a choice or selection.

(Examples with physical contact: using a finger to type, using hands to operate a joystick for a game, touching a picture to request a drink, & using a head pointer with a mouth stick)

(Example without physical contact: using the eyes to indicate a letter on an alphabet board)


Type of selection which requires intermediate steps in order to make a selection. It is slower and more cognitively complex than direct selection. (Example: varying combinations of sip and puff signals used to control the direction of a wheelchair. )

Indirect Selection


This refers to toys being modified to enable children with disabilities to participate (and learning is intentionally incorporated into these play activities).

Adapted play


Systems that allow an individual to control his or her environment. (Consists of an input device, a throughput method, and some form of output.)

Environmental control unit (ECUs)


Used to compensate for a person's difficulty using speech as a primary means of communication (only one aspect of an individual's communication system)

Communication technologies (alternative augmentative communications [AAC])


This mandates that public schools (1) provide evaluation for AT (2) purchase, lease, or provide for acquiring aids or devices (3) select, design, fit, customize, adapt, repair, and replace aid or device (4) coordinate and use other services with AT (5) train child and family & (6) train professionals.

IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Act)