QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 2 (Pgs 199B-211A) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 2 (Pgs 199B-211A) Deck (69):
1

These types of injuries involve damage to muscles, nerves, skin, and/or connective tissue and include contusions, crush injuries, dislocations, and sprains.

Soft tissue injuries

2

This is an injury that does not disrupt the integrity of the skin and is charaterized by swelling, discoloration, and pain.

contusion

3

A break in the external surface of the bone caused by severe force applied against tissues (eg: finger caught in door)

crush wound or injury

4

displacement of a bone from its normal articulation at a joint

dislocation

5

traumatic injury to the tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint and is characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration.

sprain

6

Sprains are most frequently seen in the ______ and _____.

ankles and wrists

7

These are breaks, ruptures, or cracks in bone or cartilage.

Fractures

8

Two types of fractures

closed and open

9

This type of fracture has no open wounds from the broken bone penetrating the skin.

Closed fracture

10

This type of fracture involves an open wound, where complications are more common.

Open fracture

11

Children with orthopedic conditions may exhibit difficulty with most ___________.

areas of occupation

12

OT practitioners help children who have orthopedic conditions in

areas of occupation

13

genetic information

genome

14

Each chromosome is made of of tiny sections called _____.

genes

15

Personal characteristics/physical expression

phenotype

16

One of the more common types of muscular dystrophy is _________.

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

17

What happens with people with Duchenne MD?

Muscle mass breaks down and is replaced by fat and scar tissue.

18

T/F - Duchenne MD is seen only in boys.

T

19

Usual cause of death for people with Duchenne MD and what age?

Most live until their 20s and most die of heart & lung complications that lead to pneumonia

20

When do most parents suspect their child of Duchenne MD?

When they start to walk on their toes (1 year of age)

21

What is it called when the spine bends sideways

scoliosis

22

what is the increased forward curve of the lower back?

Lordosis

23

One of 2000 infants born to women who are less than 40 and 1 of 40 infants born to women who are 40+ have ______.

Down Syndrome

24

T/F - Intervention should start for kids with down syndrome as early as 4th grade.

F - as early as possible - infancy

25

What is a huge factor contributing to reduction in developmental delays for infants with Down Syndrome.

Family

26

This is a rare genetic condition cased by the absence of part of chromosome 5.

Cri du chat syndrome

27

The big characteristics of cri du chat syndrome

weak, mewing cry
failure to thrive is common
intellectual and developmental delays

28

Physical characteristics of Down Syndrome

can be found on P. 205 in box 12-8 - It's a freebie. And I don't want to type all of it.

29

This condition affects boys more than girls, limited brain development, abnormal skull, joints and feet structures. Elongated faces, flat feet, etc. etc.

Fragile X syndrome

30

3 big characteristics of Prader-Willi syndrome - think Channel 9 weather guy (he doesn't apply to everyone)

overeating and self-mutiliation (picking sores), intellectual deficits

31

What will OT Practitioners do with Fragile X or Prader Willi patients?

provide strategies to help children function to full potential

32

Children with Down Syndrome tend to have ____ muscle tone

low

33

This system includes the nervous system and muscles of the human body

neuromuscular

34

Nervous System can be divided to:

CNS and PNS

35

A condition in which one or more of the vertebrae are not formed properly...most common type of congenital spinal abnormality

spina bifida

36

3 types of spina bifida

occulta
meningocele
myelomeningocele

37

Most severe of the three spina bifidas

myelomeningocele

38

Spina bifida occurs in 1 of ______ births

1000

39

The cause of spina bifida may be genetic or it may result from high maternal ________ or insufficent ______.

body temp, folic acid

40

80 percent of infants with spina bifida also have ________ caused by excessive cerebrospinal fluid

hydrocephalus

41

Scoliosis or ________ may be present at birth or may develop later.

Kyphosis

42

Kyphosis

hunchback

43

microencephaly

small head

44

This is absence or poor development of the central part of the brain that connects the two hemispheres

agenesis of the corpus collosum

45

This type of spina bifida can be diagnosed only by X-ray and often goes undetected

spina bifida occulta

46

This type of spina bifida has a bony defect in which meninges fill with spinal fluid and protrude thorugh an opening int he vertebral column

meningocele

47

This type of spina bifida has a bony defect in which meninges fill with spinal fluid and a portion of the spinal cord with its nerves protrude through an opening in the vertebral column. This can be detected at birth.

Myelomeningocele

48

This is a serious injury to the brain

TBI - traumatic brain injury - can also be called HI head injury or CHI closed head injury

49

TBI - The trauma to the brain typically results in these 3 changes

motor
cognitive
emotional

50

3 possible motor deficits

changes in muscle tone
hemiplegia
and quadriplegia

51

Where is the list of Neurologic Disorders?

Box 12-10 P 209 - feel free to mark it if you want but it's at least worth looking at. Then check blue for knowing it all!

52

There are 3 General intervention considerations for kids with TBIs

Preparatory activities
Enabling activities
Purposeful activities and occupations

53

Infants who are violently shaken by adults sustain serious brain damage

Shaken baby syndrom

54

Adult men who are violently shaken by their parental figures sustain neck and head injuries:

shaken manchild syndrom

55

T/F - a large percentage of children younger than 2 make a full recovery after shaken baby.

F. a very small percentage

56

Children with ________ are more likely to be abused or neglected.

disabilities

57

SHAKEN BABY: __________ is the total or partial loss of vision in a normal-appearing eye caused by damage to the brain's occipital cortex

cortical blindness

58

The child may have ____ caused by the brain damage sustained while shaken

cerebral palsy

59

During birth, stretching or tearing of the peripheral nerves that supply the arm and shoulder can cause _____________.

Erb's palsy.

60

Which types of infants are more likely to get Erb's palsy?

Infants who are born feet first or are too large for birth canal

61

T/F - you usually cannot tell if a child has erb's palsy until later infancy

F - it can be diagnosed within 24 hours after birth

62

Fabricating an __________ may help the child support the extremity and regain function with Erb's palsy.

orthosis

63

Same word for both blanks: OT Practitioners working with infants and toddlers who have Erb's palsy begin by examining the infant's movement of the ______ and teaching parents how to support the _________.

extremity

64

What percentage of the general population experience seizures?

2%

65

Does epilepsy occur more often in children or adults?1

children

66

Do children ever outgrow seizures?

many do

67

What types of things can trigger seizures?

spinning movements
flashing lights
spinning visual stimuli

68

What should an OT practitioner do if one of their clients has a seizure?

document child's behavior during the seizure, the duration, and the child's behavior before and after the seizure

69

T/F: Some children have frequent unprovoked seizures

T