Flashcards in QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 2 (Pgs 199B-211A) Deck (69)
These types of injuries involve damage to muscles, nerves, skin, and/or connective tissue and include contusions, crush injuries, dislocations, and sprains.
Soft tissue injuries
This is an injury that does not disrupt the integrity of the skin and is charaterized by swelling, discoloration, and pain.
A break in the external surface of the bone caused by severe force applied against tissues (eg: finger caught in door)
crush wound or injury
displacement of a bone from its normal articulation at a joint
traumatic injury to the tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint and is characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration.
Sprains are most frequently seen in the ______ and _____.
ankles and wrists
These are breaks, ruptures, or cracks in bone or cartilage.
Two types of fractures
closed and open
This type of fracture has no open wounds from the broken bone penetrating the skin.
This type of fracture involves an open wound, where complications are more common.
Children with orthopedic conditions may exhibit difficulty with most ___________.
areas of occupation
OT practitioners help children who have orthopedic conditions in
areas of occupation
Each chromosome is made of of tiny sections called _____.
Personal characteristics/physical expression
One of the more common types of muscular dystrophy is _________.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
What happens with people with Duchenne MD?
Muscle mass breaks down and is replaced by fat and scar tissue.
T/F - Duchenne MD is seen only in boys.
Usual cause of death for people with Duchenne MD and what age?
Most live until their 20s and most die of heart & lung complications that lead to pneumonia
When do most parents suspect their child of Duchenne MD?
When they start to walk on their toes (1 year of age)
What is it called when the spine bends sideways
what is the increased forward curve of the lower back?
One of 2000 infants born to women who are less than 40 and 1 of 40 infants born to women who are 40+ have ______.
T/F - Intervention should start for kids with down syndrome as early as 4th grade.
F - as early as possible - infancy
What is a huge factor contributing to reduction in developmental delays for infants with Down Syndrome.
This is a rare genetic condition cased by the absence of part of chromosome 5.
Cri du chat syndrome
The big characteristics of cri du chat syndrome
weak, mewing cry
failure to thrive is common
intellectual and developmental delays
Physical characteristics of Down Syndrome
can be found on P. 205 in box 12-8 - It's a freebie. And I don't want to type all of it.
This condition affects boys more than girls, limited brain development, abnormal skull, joints and feet structures. Elongated faces, flat feet, etc. etc.
Fragile X syndrome