QUIZ 1-Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 1-Chapter 5 Deck (19):
1

What is Typical Development?

It is the sequence of acquisition in relation to to occupational performance skills and areas is the foundation for OT assessment of and intervention with children who have special needs.

2

What is Normal Development?

Guides the order of expectations and choice of activities for children who are not developing typically.

3

What is principles of development?

Predictable sequence of skill acquisition in normal development.

4

What is Cultural Context?

Customs, beliefs, values, standards and expectations.

5

What is Personal Context?

Features of the person such as age, gender, socioeconomic status, and educational level.

6

What is Temporal Context?

Stage of life, time of day, and time of year.

7

What is Virtual Context?

Computer or airways, simulators, chat rooms and radio.

8

What is Physical Context?

Nonhuman aspects of the environment.

9

What is Social Context?

Significant others and the larger social group.

10

What is meant by Gestation?

Gestation refers to the developmental period of the fetus in the mothers uterus.

11

What is Prenatal referred to?

Before birth period.

12

What is Perinatal?

The birthing process.

13

What is Postnatal?

Immediate interval of time following birth.

14

What is Gestation and Birth?

From conception to the movement at which the neonate can survive on its own without placental nutrients.

15

What is Infancy?

From birth through 18 months of age.

16

What is Early Childhood?

From 18 months of age To five years

17

What is Middle Childhood?

From 6 yrs of age until the onset of puberty. (12 years of age for females and 14 years of age for males)

18

What is Adolescence?

From puberty until the onset of adulthood. (usually 21 years of age)

19

List some General Principles of Development.

1. Development is sequential and predictable.
2. Maturation and experience affect development.
3. Development involves changes in the biologic, psychological and social systems.
4. Development occurs in two directions Horizontal and Vertical.
5. Development progress in order in three basic sequences:

a) Cephalad to Caudal
b) Proximal to Distal
c) Gross to Fine