QUIZ 1-Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Pediatric Principles & Techniques > QUIZ 1-Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in QUIZ 1-Chapter 8 Deck (44):
1

What are basic self-care items for children?

feeding, eating, dressing, and undressing

2

What does oral motor control play a role in?

feeding, sound play, and oral exploration

3

Some ways to develop oral motor control are:

sucking from a nipple, drinking from a cup, munching and chewing

4

Moving of the tongue in a back and forth movement is called

suckling

5

Reflexes infants are born with are:

Rooting, suck-swallow, gag, phasic bite-release, and grasp

6

What age do kids have a strong gag/rooting/bite-release and will suck on hand or object coming in contact with their mouth

birth to 37-40 weeks

7

This age still shows strong reflexes and begins to drool a lot more. They also gain better lip control and will open mouth to wait for food

1-2 months

8

reflexes begin to diminish and increased head/body control is developed

3-5 months

9

Age: starts to shift weight and begins to grasp/hold objects, increased food exploration and begins to start to feed self

6 months

10

Age: may stand and pull up on furniture, more self control for food and liquid, develops voluntary release

7-9 months

11

Age: more jaw, tongue, and lip control; begins teething, stands independently

10-12 months

12

Age: excellent sucking, swallowing, and breathing coordination, walks alone, can hold cup independently without spilling

13-18 months

13

Age: swallows with lips closed, begins to run

19-24 months

14

Age: better tongue control for swallowing, develops better self feeding control

24-36 months

15

By what age should a child start assisting in dressing?

1 year

16

By what age should a child be able to take off loose clothing and begin to brush their teeth?

1.5 years

17

By what age should a child be able to help remove some clothing and begin to imitate adult hygiene care?

2 years

18

By what age does a child begin to remove their own clothing, able to put on their own coat, and gain daytime bladder control?

2.5 years

19

By what age does a child put on their own clothes, able to operate their own zipper and large buttons, and can go to the bathroom on their own (with help for wiping)?

3 years

20

By what age does a child start to pour from a pitcher and spread soft butter, and have less difficulty with toileting accidents?

3.5 years

21

By what age is a child able to buckle their own belt, put on most of their clothing the correct way, and starts to learn how to tie their shoe?

4 years

22

By what age is a child able to put a pullover on correctly every time, can tie and untie shoes, show proper hygiene skills with limited assist?

5 years

23

By what age is a child brushing their teeth independently?

6 years

24

What are home management activities?

tasks necessary to obtain and maintain one's personal and household possessions

25

What are readiness skills?

skills necessary for successful participation in home management, community mobility, and care of others' activities. There are different readiness skills for upcoming life events (school levels)

26

What is a child's occupation?

PLAY!!!

27

Play characteristics at 12 months

directed towards self imitation of pat-a-cake and other movements, pretend play

28

Play characteristics at 18-24 months

role-playing with objects (feeding a doll), use of non-realistic objects in pretend

29

Play characteristics at 24-36 months

engagement in multi-step scenarios

30

Play characteristics at 36-48 months

use of language in play, advanced plans and story development, acting out sequences

31

Play characteristics at 48 months

imaginary play, role-playing

32

Play is progressive through Mary Reilly's three stages: (p. 121)

1) exploratory
2) competency
3) achievement

33

Age manipulative, sensory toys are used (rattles, bells, swings, soft toys)

0-1 year

34

Age movement, manipulative, and sensory toys are used (push-pull toys, noisy toys)

1-2 years

35

Age pretend play, movement, manipulative, sensory toys are used (dolls, trucks, action figures, legos, clothes, tricycles)

2-4 years

36

Age pretend play, craft, activities, movement toys are used (swings, bikes, scooters, ball games, play-doh, arts and crafts)

4-6 years

37

Age pretend play, craft, activities, movement toys are used (gymnastics, jumping rope, coordinated games, craft kits)

6-8 years

38

Age movement, group games, manipulative toys are used (sports, higher level arts and crafts, cooking)

8-10 years

39

Age movement challenging games, activities that produce outcomes (sewing, knitting, competitive sports, woodworking, bowling, walking)

10 years and up

40

What are the three breakdown areas for children?

1) Early childhood
2) Middle childhood
3) Adolescence

41

Who developed Play History?

Nancy Takata

42

What format helps OT practitioners obtain information about a child's play?

Play History

43

This was constructed by OT Susan Knox and is based on Piagetian cognitive stages and Parham's social stages

Knox Preschool Play Scale (PPS)

44

This test objectively measures playfulness

Test of Playfulness (ToP)