Flashcards in Quiz 3 - All you wanted to know and MORE about Chapter 18!-P Deck (76)
ADL stands for
Activities of Daily Living
ADLs are an area of occupational ____________
ADLs comprise meaningful activities that encompass _______.
What 2 (centered) approaches are integral to the OT process?
Client-centered and Family-centered
OT practitioners working in peds must possess knowledge of the theory and principles of ______ and understand the dynamics of the child and family.
Using a _______ enhances occupational performance outcomes
collaberative team approach
Occupations shared by at least two individuals
A regular example of a co-occupation
a parent calming his or her child
__________ of the environment in early childhood is essential for optimal sensory and motor development.
The OT practitioner completes an _________ to better understand the child's strengths and weaknesses.
What 3 things does the OT practitioner consider when planning an intervention?
the child's FAMILY, Culture, and environment
Guidelines to Design Interventions to Address ADL performance (Future will be called simply Guidelines): Review the occupational profile, including ________.
goals and recommendations
guidelines to do what again?
to design interventions to address ADL performance
Guidelines: Ensure all ________ are taken into consideration during intervention planning and implementation
contraindications - prevent harm
Guidelines: Be comfortable explaining _______ in non technical terms to the client and/or family
the role of the OTA
Guidelines: Use ___________ during interventions
Guidelines: Address the ______ and ______ that enable children to be successful in participating in occupations such as ADLs.
performance deficits and environmental modifications
Guidelines: for what again?
to design interventions to address ADL performance
Guidelines: Encourage _______ client participation, and involve caregivers.
Guidelines: Remember that the pediatric OT process is a ________ one and that ____________ to the intervention plan may be indicated over time.
Guidelines: Consult with the supervising OT, the client and the team throughout the OT process regarding _______ and _____.
goals and progress
Guidelines: Document _____ clearly.
Guidelines: Report any concerns about the intervention process to the ________.
Guidelines: Utilize available professional ______ for assistance.
Guidelines: Collaborate with all team members during ____ to ensure that the consistency of care will continue.
Infants and toddlers are at the beginning stages of _________ in that they are just learning the purposes and functions of objects and activities.
For children & adolescents who may have difficulties with bathing and showering, the OT practitioner begins with an analysis of the client's strength and areas for growth...where would this be obtained?
from the occupational profile
These types of techniques include UE therapeutic exercises and therapeutic exercises to increase active participation and independence
Give an example of grading in the bath or shower...
higher shelves to reach for
what would be a preparatory activity for someone with low muscle tone?
stimulatory activities such as vibration
What would be a preparatory activity for clients with spasticity?
___ increases mm tone
What is a preparatory activity by the way?
Help get the client ready for purposeful activity
The OT practitioner encourages the client to initiate the first step and complete the process as much as possible before the OT practititoner completes the process. The OT practitioner repeats the steps until the client completes them all
The OT practitioner assists the client until the last step of the process and then allows the client to perform the last step; the OT practitioner repeats the process allowing the client to complete the next to last step and the last step until the client completes them all
The primary assumption of the ________ approach is the belief that a patient can regain independence using compensation when underlying deficits cannot be remediated - uses a lot of adaptations
Computer-simulated programs for self-care tasks that may assist children succeed in performing ADLs
In addition to remediation, what other technique might the OT include during intervention?
compensatory techniques - think of adapting
This type of management encompasses both the voluntary control of the bladder and bowl movements as well as the utilization of alternative methods, including the use of equipment, to support bladder control.
bowel and bladder management
Strategies for Children who have sensory processing issues (Future - Sensory) - Wash new clothes in ____ before having the child wear them
Strategies: Use detergent with mild or no ______.
Strategies: Allow the child to pick is or her ______.
Teasing - clothing is the answer
Strategies: Be sensitive about the waist bands, wrist bands, and ______ region
Strategies: Cut out _______ completely before the child wears the clothes
Strategies: Some people prefer _______ clothes and others like new ones
Not all children will prefer ______ clothing - some may like tighter fitting clothing
be aware of each child's individual ________ preferences
Ask children to express themselves through ________ and styles of clothing
This includes the ability to maintain and control food in the mouth as well as swallowing.
ADs stand for
AEs stand for
Swallowing is a specialized area in ____.
Techniques to promote swallowing in children and adolescents (Swallowing Techniques)
Swallowing Techniques: Position infants in _______ position
Swallowing Techniques: Position toddler and teens in ______ position
upright (with neck slightly forward)
Swallowing Techniques: provide ____ stimulation to children who have low oral-motor musculature
Swallowing Techniques: Vibration, quick stroking (____where?) may improve swallowing
above lip, on cheeks
Swallowing Techniques: For infants with swallowing difficulties, provide _____ control to improve ability to suck on the bottle.
Swallowing techniques: Provide __ control to help toddlers and adolescents swallow.
Swallowing Techniques: ___ liquids are easier for most children to control & swallow
Swallowing Techniques: T/F - force children to put things into their mouth
Swallowing Techniques: Encourage children to suck on ______ or something sour
Swallowing techniques: provide a ___ setting for the child
Swallowing techinques: T/F - talk to the child while feeding
Work ____ with the child.
Promote tongue __________ by encouraging the child to reach both sides of the mouth for food.
This skill involves the set-up, arrangement, and movement of food items and/fluids from a dish/plate or cup/glass to one's mouth
These skills support planning for the sequential events involved in self-feeding.
DCD stands for
developmental coordination disorder
This type of mobility is defined as "moving from one position or place to another during performance of everyday activities, such as in-bed mobility, wheelchair mobility or transfers.
This type of promotion is intervention that seeks to creat and promote activity in the context of daily life
This type of care is defined as using, cleaning, and maintaining personal care items such as hearing aids, contact lenses, glasses, orthotics, prosthetics, adaptive equip, and contraceptive and sexual devices
personal device care
This is defined as obtaining and using supplies, washing, drying, combing, styling, brushing, trimming hair, caring for nails, caring for skin, eyes, ears, nose, applying deoderant, cleaning mouth, brushing and flossing.
This type of activity is defined as engagement in activities that result in sexual satisfaction
A period of inactivity in which one may or may not suspend consciousness