QUIZ 1-PS4OTAs - Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 1-PS4OTAs - Chapter 6 Deck (27):
1

The act or process of growth & maturation

Development

2

Exhibiting qualities, traits, or characteristics that identify a group; not deviating from the norm

typical

3

Occurring naturally - not deviating from the standard

normal

4

This type of development guides the order of expectations and choice of activities for children who are not developing normally.

Normal Development

5

In __________ development, delays in performance skills may make it difficult or impossible for a child to perform ADLs.

Atypical Development

6

Refers to the guidelines and general progression of growth and performance skill attainment

Principles of Development

7

Conditions, including physical, personal, temporal, social, cultural, and virtual conditions, surrounding the client that influence performance

Context

8

Normal & ______ are interchangeable

typical

9

_____ is the maturation of a person.

Growth

10

This type of development is defined as the natural process of acquiring skills ranging from simple to complex.

Typical Development

11

The ________ environment comprises customs, beliefs, activity patterns, and behavior standards

cultural

12

6 Types of contexts

Cultural
Personal
Temporal
Virtual
Physical
Social

13

_________ context: customs, beliefs/values, standards, and expectations

Cultural

14

_________ context: features of the person such as age, gender, socioeconomic status, & ed. level

Personal

15

__________ context: state of life, time of day,and time of year

Temporal

16

__________ context: Computer or airways, simulators, chat rooms, and radio

Virtual

17

_______ context: nonhuman aspects of the environment

Physical

18

________ context: significant others and the larger social group

Social

19

Intervals of time during which a child increases in size and acquires specific skills

periods of development

20

The developmental period of the fetus, or unborn child, in the mother's uterus

Gestation

21

The birthing process is also known as the ________ period

perinatal period

22

5 periods of development

-Gestation and birth
- Infancy
-Early Childhood
- Middle Childhood
- Adolescence

23

From birth - 18 months of age

Infancy

24

From 18 months - 5 years

Early childhood

25

From 6 yrs until the onset of puberty

Middle Childhood

26

From puberty until onset of adulthood

adolescence

27

5 General Principles of Development

1. Development is sequential & predictable
2. Maturation and experience affect development (think orphanages)
3. Development involves changes in the biologic, psychological, & social systems
4. Development occurs in two directions: horizontal & vertical
5. Development progresses in order in three basic sequences.
1 - Cephalad to caudal
2 - Proximal to distal
3 - gross to fine