QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 1 (Pgs 190-199A) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 1 (Pgs 190-199A) Deck (57)
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1

This system consists of bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments

Skeletal

2

This system consists of muscles, tendons, and the fascia covering them

Muscular

3

Bands of tough, inelastic fibrous tissue, connects muscles to bones

tendons

4

Muscles are activated by the _______ system, and move bones to create movement at the joint

nervous

5

achondroplasia is also known as

dwarfism

6

achondroplasia, arthrogryposis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, osteogenesis imperfecta, and congenital hip hysplasia are all types of __________ system disorders.

musculoskeletal

7

Dwarfism is a pathologic condition of arrested or stunted growth that occurs during _________.

fetal development

8

What is dwarfism or achondroplasia a disorder of?

growth cartilage

9

Due to their physical stature and features, children with achondroplasia may require _______ to perform daily occupations

adaptive equipment

10

People who have achondroplasia have very large hands - T of F

T

11

What are the two reasons for Arthrogryposis?

reduced amniotic fluid during gestation and CNS malformations

12

In the classic form of arthrogryposis, all of the joints of the extremities are ______, but the spine is not affected.

stiff

13

OT Practitioners rely on _______ to provide the best intervention

family and school personnel

14

another name 4 juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Stills disease

15

During _____, or flare ups, symptoms worsen.

exacerbations

16

What are some of the symptoms that occur during exacerbation?

joints become hot and painful
joint damage can occur

17

Children with JRA are not ever able to play or do typical activiites...T or F

F - only during flare-ups

18

These techniques are encouraged at all times for kiddos with JRA?

Joint Protection techniques

19

By the time they are adults, what percentage of people with JRA have permanent remission?

75%

20

Children with JRA may have functional dimitations due to ____ and _________.

contractures and deformities

21

What would an OT practitioner prescribe to help children with JRA engage in everyday activities?

adaptive equipment and techoloy

22

Place to find more about the 3 types of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

P. 196 in PEDS book, Table 12-1 - don't need to memorize, just an FYI

23

This is a congenital condition in which bones fail to develop and are brittle.

Osteogenesis imperfecta

24

Children with osteogenesis imperfecta also have _________.

Secondary Osteoporosis

25

Osteoporosis in kids can be brought on by a lack of _________ activities such as crawling and standing

weightbearing

26

T/F - weight bearing activities and muscles pulling on bones during movement make bones stronger

T

27

OT Practitioners who work with children with osteogenesis imperfecta and osteoporosis must be _____ when helping them experience play, ADLs, education, and social participation.

Gentle

28

Best group of people to aid in improvement for kids with osteogenesis imperfecta and osteoporosis

Family and teachers

29

Proper Positioning prevents _______

contractures and deformities

30

Something really really big - so big it requires the combination of two different BIG words

ginormous (combination of gigantic and enormous) - has nothing to do with this chapter