QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 1 (Pgs 190-199A) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 1 (Pgs 190-199A) Deck (57):
1

This system consists of bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments

Skeletal

2

This system consists of muscles, tendons, and the fascia covering them

Muscular

3

Bands of tough, inelastic fibrous tissue, connects muscles to bones

tendons

4

Muscles are activated by the _______ system, and move bones to create movement at the joint

nervous

5

achondroplasia is also known as

dwarfism

6

achondroplasia, arthrogryposis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, osteogenesis imperfecta, and congenital hip hysplasia are all types of __________ system disorders.

musculoskeletal

7

Dwarfism is a pathologic condition of arrested or stunted growth that occurs during _________.

fetal development

8

What is dwarfism or achondroplasia a disorder of?

growth cartilage

9

Due to their physical stature and features, children with achondroplasia may require _______ to perform daily occupations

adaptive equipment

10

People who have achondroplasia have very large hands - T of F

T

11

What are the two reasons for Arthrogryposis?

reduced amniotic fluid during gestation and CNS malformations

12

In the classic form of arthrogryposis, all of the joints of the extremities are ______, but the spine is not affected.

stiff

13

OT Practitioners rely on _______ to provide the best intervention

family and school personnel

14

another name 4 juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Stills disease

15

During _____, or flare ups, symptoms worsen.

exacerbations

16

What are some of the symptoms that occur during exacerbation?

joints become hot and painful
joint damage can occur

17

Children with JRA are not ever able to play or do typical activiites...T or F

F - only during flare-ups

18

These techniques are encouraged at all times for kiddos with JRA?

Joint Protection techniques

19

By the time they are adults, what percentage of people with JRA have permanent remission?

75%

20

Children with JRA may have functional dimitations due to ____ and _________.

contractures and deformities

21

What would an OT practitioner prescribe to help children with JRA engage in everyday activities?

adaptive equipment and techoloy

22

Place to find more about the 3 types of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

P. 196 in PEDS book, Table 12-1 - don't need to memorize, just an FYI

23

This is a congenital condition in which bones fail to develop and are brittle.

Osteogenesis imperfecta

24

Children with osteogenesis imperfecta also have _________.

Secondary Osteoporosis

25

Osteoporosis in kids can be brought on by a lack of _________ activities such as crawling and standing

weightbearing

26

T/F - weight bearing activities and muscles pulling on bones during movement make bones stronger

T

27

OT Practitioners who work with children with osteogenesis imperfecta and osteoporosis must be _____ when helping them experience play, ADLs, education, and social participation.

Gentle

28

Best group of people to aid in improvement for kids with osteogenesis imperfecta and osteoporosis

Family and teachers

29

Proper Positioning prevents _______

contractures and deformities

30

Something really really big - so big it requires the combination of two different BIG words

ginormous (combination of gigantic and enormous) - has nothing to do with this chapter

31

This is the technical term which means dislocation of the hip

congenital hip hysplasia

32

Congenital hip dysplasia may be caused by ____ factors

genetic or environmental

33

T/F - If your child has congenital hip dysplasia, wait until they are quite a bit older to get it taken care of.

F - early intervention is critical to preventing permanent physcial or body structure damage.

34

For kids with congenital hip dysplasia, parents AND kids need help with daily living skills like _______ activities and providing _______ equipment.

simplifying, adaptive

35

An infant born with all or par of a limb missing has a ____________.

congenital amputation - "I hate these kids....er...hate working with these types of kids...er..."

36

A _______ amputation is the result of an accident, infection, or cancer.

traumatic

37

how many out of 10,000 kids in the US are born missing all or part of a limb.

26

38

Most common types of amputations

thumb and below-elbow amputations

39

In some cases _________ may be prescribed to help the child engage in daily activities.

prosthesis

40

All or most of the arm is missing from the shoulder and below

transverse amelia

41

all of the arm is missing from the elbow and below

transverse hemimelia

42

one of the long bones of the forearm is missing. Fingers or thumb may or not be missing.

longitudinal hemimelia

43

bones of the upper or lower arm are missing. All or part of the hand remains

phocomelia

44

A prosthesis is most likely to be rejected when the child is ________.

Older

45

________ are conditions that are not present at birth and involve injury or trauma to the skeletal and/or muscular systems.

acquired musculoskeletal disorders

46

soft tissue injuries and fractures require the attention of an _______.

orthopedist - a doc who specializes in diseases of the musculoskeletal system

47

STUMP CARE: Decreased skin surface may result in _________

overheating

48

STUMP CARE: Bandages must be ____ and must be monitored

dry

49

STUMP CARE: Examine the stump site for _______ when the prosthesis is removed each night.

excessive redness, irritation, and swelling

50

STUMP CARE: Report any ____ to the OT immediately

discomfort, redness, or pressure areas

51

STUMP CARE: Wash the residual limb daily with ___. Rinse and dry carefully. Do not ___ it.

soap and water, soak

52

STUMP CARE: Cleanse the residual limb ______, ensuring enough time for it to dry thoroughly.

at night

53

STUMP CARE: Do not shave or apply ______ to the residual limb.

lotions or moisturizers

54

STUMP CARE: Check the correct fitting of the ______, and make sure that there are no pressure areas.

prosthesis

55

STUMP CARE: Change __ daily, and wash them by hand using mild soap and water.

STUMP SOCKS

56

STUMP CARE: Keep the _____ of the prosthesis clean and dry. Inspect for wear.

leather parts, liners, and webbing

57

STUMP CARE: Check the ______ or components frequently.

mechanical parts