QUIZ 2 - Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

Pediatric Principles & Techniques > QUIZ 2 - Chapter 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in QUIZ 2 - Chapter 11 Deck (64):
1

Client Factors include

values, beliefs, spirituality, body functions, body structures

2

Body structures refers to ________.

Anatomy

3

Body Functions refers to ______.

Physiology

4

_____ are the smallest unit of matter

Atoms

5

_________ is anything that takes up space and has mass/weight

matter

6

T/F - all atoms, no matter their many different elements, have the same mass and space requirements

F - very unique

7

Atoms link together to form __.

Molecules

8

The cells found in the human body are ____ cells.

eukaryotic

9

What does DNA stand for?

Deoxyribonucleic acid

10

molecules come together and form _____.

Cells

11

Cells come together and form _______.

Tissues

12

Tissues come together to form ______.

Organs

13

Organs come together to form _______ _____.

Organ Systems

14

Organ systems come together to form _____.

Organisms

15

Refers to the back of the body

posterior or dorsal

16

Refers to the front of the body

anterior or ventral

17

Refers to the head or "above"

superior or cephalad

18

Refers to the tail, foot, or "below"

inferior or caudal

19

Means "closer to the body"

proximal

20

Means "farther away from the body"

distal

21

Means "midline"

medial

22

Means farther away from midline

lateral

23

Principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile or desirable by the client who holds them

values

24

cognitive content held as true

beliefs

25

The "personal quest for understanding answers to ultimate questions about life, meaning and the sacred

spirituality

26

This plane divides the body into left and right sides.

saggital

27

the axis for the sagittal plane is the _axis.

frontalfro

28

This plane divides the body into anterior and posterior

frontal

29

the axis for the frontal plane is the _ axis.

saggital

30

The axis for the horizontal plane is the _ axis.

vertical

31

____ is the bending of a joint

flexion

32

the straightening of a joint

extension

33

This is the movement away from the midline

abduction

34

This is movement toward the midline

adduction

35

internal rotation can also be called

medial

36

external rotation can also be called

lateral

37

This system consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments, and joints

skeletal

38

axial means

trunk of body

39

appendicular means

extremities

40

3 types of muscle...what are they again?

smooth, cardiac, and skeletal

41

The prime mover muscle that shortens, producing movement at a jonit

agonist

42

The muscle that lengthens to allow movement at a joint

antagonist

43

This systems comprises the hair, skin, nails, and sebaceous glands

integumentary system

44

2 layers of skin are called...

epidermis and dermis

45

This is another word for pressure sores

decubitis ulcers

46

This system consists of the heart, blood, blood vessels, and bone marrow.

cardiovascular

47

This system has the following primary functions: mental, sensory and pain, and neuromuscular as well as movement-related functions

Nervous system

48

The two subdivisions of the NS

CNS and PNS

49

CNS consists of

brain and spinal cord

50

PNS consists of

peripheral nerves
ANS
Special sense organs (eg: eyes and ears)

51

ANS consists of these two subdivisions

sympathetic and parasympathetic

52

Best way to remember sympathetic

fight or flight

53

Best way to remember parasympathetic

rest or digest

54

This system has the following primary functions: digestive and metabolic

endocrine

55

This system has to do with eating

Digestive

56

This system has to do with peeing

urinary system

57

primary focus of the lymphatic system

drainage

58

This system fights disease

immune

59

This system is necessary for having the ability to have kids

reproductive

60

What does the term ADL stand for?

Activities of Daily Living

61

What does IADL stand for?

Instrumental activities of daily living

62

What does BADL stand for?

basic activities of daily living

63

What does PADL stand for

personal activities of daily living

64

What does GADL stand for

Grandma's activities of daily living ;-) (don't memorize this one)