QUIZ #4 - Chapter 13 - Phys dys or tm I can't remember Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ #4 - Chapter 13 - Phys dys or tm I can't remember Deck (36):
1

Activities of daily living skills are sometimes called

basic ADL

2

What are the skills that support personal independence called?

IADLs

3

Daily activities can be separated into

ADLs and IADLs

4

This requires basic skills with the focus of care on own person

ADL

5

This is advanced and requires lots of skills, oriented toward life in the community and with otheres

IADL

6

This is part of ADL and includes movement in bad, transfers or moving the body from one surface to another, wheelchair mobility, and ambulation without or with walking aids.

Functional mobility

7

This is part of IADL, and includes all aspects of sending and receiving info, specifically the ability to use tools to write, and to operate a personal computer, read, type, text, and/or use the phone.

Communication Mgmt

8

This is part of IADL, refers to the skills used to move around one's neighborhood or community

Community mobility

9

This eval must be conducted either top-down or bottom-up.

Occupational Performance Eval

10

In the _______ approach, the the therapist focuses on the client's occupational history and interests

Top down

11

In the _____ approach, focuses on identifying problems in specific performance skills

Bottom up

12

When doing an interest checklist, there are 5 degrees of interest in five categories of activities: WHAT ARE THEY???

1 - Manual skills
2 - physical sports
3 - social recreation
4 - ADL
5 - cultural & ed activities

13

T/F - The outcome of improving a body function or a performance skill should be linked to a functional tasks that the pt values

T

14

Before ADL/IADL performance eval and training can begin, the OT must first assess _________ and consider several factors about the client and the environment

Body structures and functions

15

In addition to the concrete and objective evals, the OT practitioner should be familiar with the ct's spirituality, culture, values and beliefs in relation to _____, the sick role, family assistance, and independence.

self-care

16

The OT must consider the __________, and estimate or observe the ct's acceptance of it at the time of tx.

prognosis

17

The ____________ to which the ct will return to is a very important consideration

environment

18

The ultimate goal of any ADL or IADL training program is:

for the ct to achieve MAXIMUM level of independence

19

The potential for _______ should be based on each ct's unique personal needs, values, capabilities, limitations, and environmental resources

independence

20

What are the two approaches an OT can take in a session?

Rehabilitative or compensatory

21

______ approach is the preferred method of treatment

rehabilitative

22

________ provides the rare opportunity for the affected body parts to experience normal movement and proprioceptive feedback from such movement

Therapy

23

When should you make independence a goal?

only when independence is important to the ct and is possible

24

Who determines the feasibility of ADL eval or training?

OTr along with interdisciplinary team

25

The OTA may evaluate ADL and IADL performance when??

service competency

26

To assess ADL performance accurately, ___________ is necessary.

Observation of performance

27

Ideally, where should the OT practiitioner evaluate ADL performance?

When and where the client usually performs the activity

28

During performance eval, the OT practitioner should observe the _____ the client is using or attempting to use to accomplish the task.

methods

29

Some other important aspects of eval that should not be overlooked are the client's need for respect and ______ and the ongoing interaction between ____.

privacy, client & practitioner

30

When describing levels of independence, rehab professionals often use terms from the _________.

Functional Independent Movement (FIM) assessment

31

What are the 5 classifications in the FIM assessment?

Independent, Modified Independent, Minimal Assist, Moderate Assistance, Max Assist, and dependent

32

What does modified independence mean?

independent with the use of adaptive aids

33

What is Min Assist?

less than or equal to 25% help required

34

What is Mod Assist?

26% to 50% help required

35

What is Max Assist?

51% to 75% help required

36

What would classify as dependent?

Greater than 76% help required