Flashcards in QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 3 (Pgs 212-223) Deck (58):
What does PDD stand for?
Pervasive Developmental Disorder
What is the most common PDD?
This is characterized by sever and complex impairments in reciprocal social interaction, communication skills, and the presence of stereotypical behavior, interests, and activities.
______ times as many boys as girls are diagnosed as having autism
Children with autism require a _____ environment and _ expectations
_____ programs such as using stickers works well with kids that have autism
OT Practitioners working with autistic kids need to understand ___ and _________ cues
verbal and non-verbal
Asking a child with autism to choose between only two activities facilitates ______.
OT Practitioners work with children with autism to improve their ability to participate in ________.
areas of occupation
This is the most common neurobehavioral disorder
What does ADHD stand for?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD occurs in males _____ times more than females
Children with ADHD have issues such as these 4 three things
attention, hyperactivity, distractability, and impulsivity
Children with ADHD benefit from _____ and structure
Rett syndrome is a progressive neurologic disorder that occurs only in ______.
What are some of the major characteristics of Rett Syndrome?
abnormal muscle tone
What is a stereotypical pattern of behavior with a child with Rett Syndrome?
What does DCD stand for?
developmental coordination disorder
These kids with this condition have difficulty forming letters quickly and precisely; often manifested in an inability to keep up with classmates
One thing to remember is that we are not focusing solely on the _______. We are primarily focusing on the ____ person.
This system consists of the cardiac (heart and vessels) system, and pulmonary (lungs) system
Conditions that involve the heart and/or vessels
______ heart diseases and ______ are examples of pediatric cardiac health conditions.
Most ped health conditions that involve the heart and major vessels are ________.
CARDIAC - What are ASDs?
Atrial Septal Defects
What are atrial septal defects?
abnormal openings between atria of the heart
Primary symptom of ASD patient?
Preferred med. intervention for ASD?
CARDIAC - What are VSDs?
Ventricular Septal Defects
What are Ventricular Septal Defects?
opening in between ventricles in the heart
Which is most common defect - cardiac wise?
Preferred med. intervention for VSDs?
CARDIAC-What is TOF
Tetralogy of Fallot
What 4 things does TOF consist of?
1 - a VSD
2 - Misplacement of the aorta
3- narrowing of the pulmonary artery
4 - abnormally large right ventricle
What are the 3 main symptoms of TOF?
1 - Failure to thrive
2 - Heart Murmur
3 - cyanosis
What is the med intervention for TOF?
surgery in the 1st year of life
proper circulation of the blood and respiration
irregular cardiac rhythms
symptoms of kids with cardiac disorders
difficulty with strength, endurance and/or pain in joints/muscles.
an abnormally slow heartbeat
an abnormally fast heartbeat
Conditions that involve the lungs and one's ability to breathe.
a chronic respiratory condition that is characterized by sudden, recurring attack of labored breathing, chest constriction, and coughing.
Medical intervention for asthma
This condition affects the exocrine glands - primarily in caucasians. affects pancreas, resp. system and sweat glands most
Symptoms of this condition are greasy stools, failure to thrive, difficulty breathy, pneumonia, etc
conditions of the blood
This type of hematologic disorder occurs mostly in black people of Africa - causes pain in joints, ulcers, etc
Sickle cell anemia
OT interventions for infants, children, and adolescents who have cardiac disorders focuses on helping them gain _______ and ________ for (and tolerance to) _____.
strength, endurance, activity
Sensory system conditions include those involving _________ and ______ impairments
vision and auditory
Children with this type of blindness have physically functional eyes, but the visual processing part of their brain has been damaged in some way, resulting in images that look as if they are being seen through layers of plastic wrap
This type of perception is the understanding of what is being seen.
Children with total blindness often fill the void left by lack of visual stimulation with other forms of sensory self-stimulation called _________.
All children should have their eyes checked by age
__________ OTs work with people who are deaf unless those individuals have other disabling conditions
a rich and unique language that deaf people use
American Sign Language
Helping a child to accept using a new hearing aid may be difficult because of __________.