QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 3 (Pgs 212-223) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 2 - Chapter 12 - Part 3 (Pgs 212-223) Deck (58):
1

What does PDD stand for?

Pervasive Developmental Disorder

2

What is the most common PDD?

autism

3

This is characterized by sever and complex impairments in reciprocal social interaction, communication skills, and the presence of stereotypical behavior, interests, and activities.

Autism

4

______ times as many boys as girls are diagnosed as having autism

4

5

Children with autism require a _____ environment and _ expectations

structured, clear

6

_____ programs such as using stickers works well with kids that have autism

Behavior managemnt

7

OT Practitioners working with autistic kids need to understand ___ and _________ cues

verbal and non-verbal

8

Asking a child with autism to choose between only two activities facilitates ______.

Decision-making

9

OT Practitioners work with children with autism to improve their ability to participate in ________.

areas of occupation

10

This is the most common neurobehavioral disorder

ADHD

11

What does ADHD stand for?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

12

ADHD occurs in males _____ times more than females

3

13

Children with ADHD have issues such as these 4 three things

attention, hyperactivity, distractability, and impulsivity

14

Children with ADHD benefit from _____ and structure

organization

15

Rett syndrome is a progressive neurologic disorder that occurs only in ______.

females

16

What are some of the major characteristics of Rett Syndrome?

microenchaphaly
seizures
abnormal muscle tone
intellectual disabilities

17

What is a stereotypical pattern of behavior with a child with Rett Syndrome?

hand wriggling

18

What does DCD stand for?

developmental coordination disorder

19

These kids with this condition have difficulty forming letters quickly and precisely; often manifested in an inability to keep up with classmates

DCD

20

One thing to remember is that we are not focusing solely on the _______. We are primarily focusing on the ____ person.

disorder. whole

21

This system consists of the cardiac (heart and vessels) system, and pulmonary (lungs) system

Cardiopulmonary system

22

Conditions that involve the heart and/or vessels

cardiac disorder

23

______ heart diseases and ______ are examples of pediatric cardiac health conditions.

Congenital, dysrhythmia

24

Most ped health conditions that involve the heart and major vessels are ________.

congenital

25

CARDIAC - What are ASDs?

Atrial Septal Defects

26

What are atrial septal defects?

abnormal openings between atria of the heart

27

Primary symptom of ASD patient?

heart murmur

28

Preferred med. intervention for ASD?

surgery

29

CARDIAC - What are VSDs?

Ventricular Septal Defects

30

What are Ventricular Septal Defects?

opening in between ventricles in the heart

31

Which is most common defect - cardiac wise?

VSD

32

Preferred med. intervention for VSDs?

surgery

33

CARDIAC-What is TOF

Tetralogy of Fallot

34

What 4 things does TOF consist of?

1 - a VSD
2 - Misplacement of the aorta
3- narrowing of the pulmonary artery
4 - abnormally large right ventricle

35

What are the 3 main symptoms of TOF?

1 - Failure to thrive
2 - Heart Murmur
3 - cyanosis

36

What is the med intervention for TOF?

surgery in the 1st year of life

37

proper circulation of the blood and respiration

cardiac rhythm

38

irregular cardiac rhythms

dysrhythmias

39

symptoms of kids with cardiac disorders

difficulty with strength, endurance and/or pain in joints/muscles.

40

bradydysrhythmia

an abnormally slow heartbeat

41

tachydysrhythmia

an abnormally fast heartbeat

42

Conditions that involve the lungs and one's ability to breathe.

pulmonary disorders

43

a chronic respiratory condition that is characterized by sudden, recurring attack of labored breathing, chest constriction, and coughing.

Asthma

44

Medical intervention for asthma

inhalant/drug therapy

45

This condition affects the exocrine glands - primarily in caucasians. affects pancreas, resp. system and sweat glands most

cystic fibrosis

46

Symptoms of this condition are greasy stools, failure to thrive, difficulty breathy, pneumonia, etc

cystic fibrosis

47

conditions of the blood

hematologic disorders

48

This type of hematologic disorder occurs mostly in black people of Africa - causes pain in joints, ulcers, etc

Sickle cell anemia

49

OT interventions for infants, children, and adolescents who have cardiac disorders focuses on helping them gain _______ and ________ for (and tolerance to) _____.

strength, endurance, activity

50

Sensory system conditions include those involving _________ and ______ impairments

vision and auditory

51

Children with this type of blindness have physically functional eyes, but the visual processing part of their brain has been damaged in some way, resulting in images that look as if they are being seen through layers of plastic wrap

cortical blindness

52

This type of perception is the understanding of what is being seen.

visual perception

53

Children with total blindness often fill the void left by lack of visual stimulation with other forms of sensory self-stimulation called _________.

blindisms

54

All children should have their eyes checked by age

3

55

__________ OTs work with people who are deaf unless those individuals have other disabling conditions

few

56

a rich and unique language that deaf people use

American Sign Language

57

Helping a child to accept using a new hearing aid may be difficult because of __________.

tactile defensiveness

58

The formal assessment of a fussy baby who is between 4-18 monthsis the

Test of Sensory Functions in Infants