Flashcards in FINISH STRONG PEDS EXAM V - Chapter 4 Deck (34):
What % of OT Practitioners work with Children?
1/3 - 1/2
In 1975, the US congress passed which the EHA - what does it stand for and what does it do?
Education of the Handicapped Act (94-142) - requires schools to provide free appropriate public ed to all children 5-21.
Provisions under the Education of the Handicapped Act (or Public Law 94-142) guarantee children the right to be educated in the _______ ________ _______.
least restrictive environment
Another provision under the EHA (or Public Law 94-142) give parents the right to __ ______.
What is LRE in a nutshell?
least restrictive environment -
inclusion whenever possible
The ed rights of children w/disabilities are protected by two addtnl fed laws - what are they?
Rehab Act (Sec. 504) - 1973
ADA - Americans with disabilities act - 1990
Public law 99-457, which passed in 1986 added part _ (which is now known as part _) to the EHA
What does Public Law 99-457 Part H (now C) of the EHA do?
mandates svcs for preschoolers with disabilities
NCLB stands for
No child left behind
Was the No Child Left Behind Act good?
finest piece of legislation since the Constitution
What does IEP stand for?
Individual Educational Program
What does an individual educational program team do?
they determine a student's need for svcs
When can an OT evaluation be initiated?
What does EEN stand for?
exceptional educational need
What is an IFSP?
individualized family service plan
how old is a child with an IFSP?
usually birth-3 years
Blah blah blah
Blah - freebie
The clear separation of responsibilities bt the registered OT and the COTA
Who is legally responsible for ALL aspects of the OT process?
No Child Left Behind
This was enacted in 2001 in order to improve teaching standards and the student's learning results
NCLB (No child left behind act)
What changes were made to IDEA when it became IDEA-R?
Required parental involvement in IEP meeting; parental consent for re-evaluation; mediation; available for disabilities, not just handicapping condition or handicap; termed IEP team instead of M-team (multidisciplinary team)
LEA stands for what?
Local Education Agency- this would be the representative of the school district. Could be the principal
T/F OT's should collaborate with teachers over their lunch break
F- teachers need that break, so it is better to find a time to come into the classroom and work on handwriting skills or whatever the concern is with the whole class, focusing on a select group specifically. This will give the teacher a much needed break.
What is the benefit of transition planning?
It informs families about the different services and agencies available.
At the age of 14, what are some transition services discussed with the student and family to help identify his or her interests and preferences?
Vocational education and job coaches
The focus of this model is the remediation of the underlying components of dysfunction and the removal of pathologic processes so that development can continue.
What does the educational model focus on?
Whether emotional, physical or behavioral aspects interfere with the student's ability to perform tasks that are required to be performed by all students. The student's abilities are described in functional terms and capacity to meet classroom demands.
OT services can be delivered through what 3 different levels of service?
Direct service, monitoring, and consultation
For this level of service, OT works with the student so that he/she can acquire a skill. Can be one-on-one or in a group setting.
For this level of service, OT creates programs for child that the teacher, other staff member, or family can follow.
For this level of service, OT expertise is used to help other personnel achieve the child's objectives. They may contact others only once or on an as-needed basis as set up by IEP team