Flashcards in QUIZ 1-PS4OTAs - Chapter 2 Deck (36):
What is most important in OT - the OTPF or being client centered?
Being client centered (although the OTPF is very important too)
_________ have the most significant environmental influence on a young child's life and development.
Two distinct functions of an OT practitioner
prescriptive and consultative
When working directly with the CHILD, the OT practitioner functions primarily in the _____________ and ___________ role.
prescriptive and directive
When working with the family, he or she functions primarily in the _______________ role.
The way families operate as units, the impact of diverse cultures and child-rearing patterns on family life, and differences in child rearing
Family Systems Theory
Critical stages of family life and parenting
Family Life Cycle
The way family systems operate in society, including the immediate community and the state and federal systems
The emotional and social impact of an infant, toddler, child, or youth with disabilities on the parents' and family's life
Effects of Disabilities on Families
The role of the OT in helping a family assess their concerns and priorities for intervention; the use of self-reporting instruments in OT
Role of Occupational Therapy
The way to establish trust and comfort caregivers; the role of the OT as a partner in treatment planning
Strategies for having constructive consultations with infants, toddlers, children, or youths with disabilities and their caregivers
3 changes that have occurred as a result of changes in policy and service delivery models
1. Interdisciplinary AND family-centered approaches are used during intervention
2. Children with disabilities ARE included in regular educational settings
3. Therapists act as consultants
4 ways the OT Practitioner's role has expanded - acronym AOGI
1. Assessing family interests, priorities, and concerns
2. Observing and gathering info about daily routines of children and families in home and at school
3. Gathering and sharing info w/families about development and intervention strategies
4. Implementing therapy in collaboration with parents, caregivers, and gen. educators
Big demographic change
half of children under 5 are racial or ethnic minorities
Each living system must have some order
General Systems Theory
This is a principle involving maintenance of the order to a living system (eg for families: daily family rhythms - meals, bedtime, bathing, greeting/departure expectations)
Sometimes the systems we live in change, through marriage divorce, birth, death, etc. This principle is called the ____________.
A system can change in an infinite number of ways. This is called __________. (eg: introduction to family with child that has special needs)
What 2 ideas form the basis for the consultative role of an OT practitioner?
1 - I must acknowledge and accept current family form and function
2 - I must ally myself with the system's capacity for change.
What is the first step in a successful intervention?
Identifying what the family hopes to accomplish
What should intervention efforts begin with?
Clarification and acknowledgement of the way fam. members perceive their situation and define priorities (however unfocused their goals may seem)
The likelihood of families following through with intervention plans depends on the _______________
extent to which those plans are constructed to fit w/in families existing routines, beliefs, & patterns of family life
Critical stages of the family life cycle
those involving life transitions: birth, marriage, leaving home, and death
normative life cycle events
the usual or expected transitional events
non-normative life cycle events
not the usual or expected transitional events
Family adaptation is affected by
interaction of family resources and perceptions
Perceptual Coping Strategies
1. Passive appraisal
3. Downward comparison
4. Use of spritual beliefs
Ignoring a problem and hoping it will go away
Redefining a situation in ways that make it more manageable
Identifying a situation that is worse than your own
Use of philosophical or spiritual beliefs to make sense of and find meaning in a situation
use of spiritual beliefs
When meeting a family for the first time, it is important to express ________ and _______ in the unique ways they are adapting to their child's disability without ______ and _____________
curiosity and interest; judging and evaluating
4 essential communication skills
2. Collaborative goal setting
4. Continuity - solution-based and future oriented
American Speech and Hearing Association