QUIZ 1-PS4OTAs - Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in QUIZ 1-PS4OTAs - Chapter 2 Deck (36):
1

What is most important in OT - the OTPF or being client centered?

Being client centered (although the OTPF is very important too)

2

_________ have the most significant environmental influence on a young child's life and development.

Families

3

Two distinct functions of an OT practitioner

prescriptive and consultative

4

When working directly with the CHILD, the OT practitioner functions primarily in the _____________ and ___________ role.

prescriptive and directive

5

When working with the family, he or she functions primarily in the _______________ role.

consultative

6

The way families operate as units, the impact of diverse cultures and child-rearing patterns on family life, and differences in child rearing

Family Systems Theory

7

Critical stages of family life and parenting

Family Life Cycle

8

The way family systems operate in society, including the immediate community and the state and federal systems

Family ecology

9

The emotional and social impact of an infant, toddler, child, or youth with disabilities on the parents' and family's life

Effects of Disabilities on Families

10

The role of the OT in helping a family assess their concerns and priorities for intervention; the use of self-reporting instruments in OT

Role of Occupational Therapy

11

The way to establish trust and comfort caregivers; the role of the OT as a partner in treatment planning

Rapport

12

Strategies for having constructive consultations with infants, toddlers, children, or youths with disabilities and their caregivers

Collaboration

13

3 changes that have occurred as a result of changes in policy and service delivery models

1. Interdisciplinary AND family-centered approaches are used during intervention
2. Children with disabilities ARE included in regular educational settings
3. Therapists act as consultants

14

4 ways the OT Practitioner's role has expanded - acronym AOGI

1. Assessing family interests, priorities, and concerns
2. Observing and gathering info about daily routines of children and families in home and at school
3. Gathering and sharing info w/families about development and intervention strategies
4. Implementing therapy in collaboration with parents, caregivers, and gen. educators

15

Big demographic change

half of children under 5 are racial or ethnic minorities

16

Each living system must have some order

General Systems Theory

17

This is a principle involving maintenance of the order to a living system (eg for families: daily family rhythms - meals, bedtime, bathing, greeting/departure expectations)

Morphostatic principle

18

Sometimes the systems we live in change, through marriage divorce, birth, death, etc. This principle is called the ____________.

Morphogenetic principle

19

A system can change in an infinite number of ways. This is called __________. (eg: introduction to family with child that has special needs)

Equifinality

20

What 2 ideas form the basis for the consultative role of an OT practitioner?

1 - I must acknowledge and accept current family form and function
2 - I must ally myself with the system's capacity for change.

21

What is the first step in a successful intervention?

Identifying what the family hopes to accomplish

22

What should intervention efforts begin with?

Clarification and acknowledgement of the way fam. members perceive their situation and define priorities (however unfocused their goals may seem)

23

The likelihood of families following through with intervention plans depends on the _______________

extent to which those plans are constructed to fit w/in families existing routines, beliefs, & patterns of family life

24

Critical stages of the family life cycle

those involving life transitions: birth, marriage, leaving home, and death

25

normative life cycle events

the usual or expected transitional events

26

non-normative life cycle events

not the usual or expected transitional events

27

Family adaptation is affected by

interaction of family resources and perceptions

28

Perceptual Coping Strategies

1. Passive appraisal
2. Reframing
3. Downward comparison
4. Use of spritual beliefs

29

Ignoring a problem and hoping it will go away

Passive appraisal

30

Redefining a situation in ways that make it more manageable

Reframing

31

Identifying a situation that is worse than your own

Downward Comparison

32

Use of philosophical or spiritual beliefs to make sense of and find meaning in a situation

use of spiritual beliefs

33

When meeting a family for the first time, it is important to express ________ and _______ in the unique ways they are adapting to their child's disability without ______ and _____________

curiosity and interest; judging and evaluating

34

4 essential communication skills

1. Solution-Focused
2. Collaborative goal setting
3. Acknowledgement
4. Continuity - solution-based and future oriented

35

ASHA

American Speech and Hearing Association

36

The impact of different family styles and environments on an infant, toddler, child, or youth with disabilities.

Effects of Family & Environment on Children with Disabilities