Grammar Deck B Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Grammar Deck B Deck (500):
1

Ils valent €2,30 chacun

They cost €2.30 each

2

Avoir l'habitude de

To be used to

3

Avoir honte (de)

To be ashamed (of)

4

En avoir marre de

To be fed up with

5

Avoir sommeil

To be tired

6

N'avoir pas de chance

To be unlucky

7

What is the difference between savoir and connaître?

Savoir means to have knowledge of/ to know how to. Connaître means to be acquainted/ familiar with.

8

Je connais le chemin

I know (am familiar with) the way

9

Je sais quel chemin prendre

I know which way to go

10

Devoir can also mean what as well as to have to/ must?

To owe

11

Je vous dois combien, s'il vous plaît?

How much do I owe you please?

12

You take the first on the right

Vous prenez la première à droite

13

You go straight ahead and you turn left. It is near here.

Vous continuez tout droit et vous tournez à gauche. C'est près d'ici.

14

Il faut tourner à droite.

You'll need to turn right.

15

Il faut prendre la quatrième rue à gauche.

You'll need to take the fourth street on the left.

16

You have to go straight ahead, cross the road and continue as far as the Rue de Lille.

Vous devez continuer tout droit, traverser la rue et continuer jusqu'à la rue de Lille.

17

Take a right-hand turn

Prenez à droite.

18

Take the first on the right.

Prends la première à droite.

19

Go straight ahead.

Continuez/ continue tout droit.

20

I never know how to give directions

Je ne sais jamais donner les directions

21

What are indirect object pronouns?

Pronouns needed to answer the question 'to whom?' Me Te Lui Nous/ vous Leur

22

Je lui donne des directions précises

I give him/ her precise directions

23

She tells them to go straight on.

Elle leur dit de continuuer tout droit

24

Where is the Chemin de l'Empire?

Où se trouve le chemin de l'Empire?

25

Il faut sortir la poubelle

You must take the dustbin out

26

Il faut te lever de bonne heure

You must get up early

27

Il ne faut pas trop te servir du téléphone.

You must not use the telephone too often.

28

Mark is going to give them a street map of Saint- Amand on his return.

Mark va leur donner un plan de Saint- Amand à son retour.

29

He is also going to write to them to confirm that they are welcome at the Lemaires’.

Il va aussi leur écrire pour confirmer qu’ils sont les bienvenus chez les Lemaire.

30

The Dicksons are going to come in July. Isabelle asks Georges if this is all right with him.

Les Dickson vont venir en juillet. Isabelle demande à Georges si cela lui convient.

31

Il leur faut un plan.

They need a street map.

32

Il te faut acheter un plan.

You need to buy a street map.

33

This belongs to me.

Cela m’appartient (indirect object pronoun)

34

The postman brings us the mail/the mail to us at 7 a.m .

Le facteur nous apporte le courier à 7h (indirect object pronoun).

35

He often writes to her/him.

Il lui écrit souvent (indirect object pronoun)

36

Il vous a envoyé un mél? (indirect object pronoun)

Did he send you an e-mail?

37

He explains the situation clearly to them .

Il leur explique la situation clairement (indirect object pronoun)

38

When are you going there?

Vous y allez quand?

39

I often think about it.

J’ y pense souvent.

40

Stay there.

Restez- y.

41

Vas-y!

Go! (there)

42

Donnes-en un peu!

Give a bit/ some of it!

43

Nous LEUR demandons les directions

We ask them for directions.

44

Il LEUR téléphone

He rings them up

45

Y and en can both mean 'of this/ it' but what does y replace?

à + noun: J'y pense souvent = je pense à cela (I often think of/ about this)

46

Y and en can both mean 'of this/ it' but what does en replace?

De + noun: J'en mange = je mange de cela (I eat some of it)

47

D'abord,

First,

48

Le coucher du soleil

Sunset

49

De plus,

In addition

50

L'année dernière

Last year

51

Cette année

This year

52

L'année prochaine

Next year

53

L'année dernière

Last year

54

Cette année

This year

55

L'année prochaine

Next year

56

Les Dickson sont accueillis par les Lemaire

The Dicksons are welcomed by the Lemaires

57

Les valises sont faites par Alison

The packing is done by Alison

58

What are the endings for future tense verbs (eg for the verb aimer)?

AimerAI AimerAS AimerA AimerONS AimerEZ AimerONT

59

Decline the future tense of avoir.

Aurai Auras Aura Aurons Aurez Auront

60

Decline the future tense of être

Serai Seras Sera Serons Serez Seront

61

Decline the future tense of aller

Irai Iras Ira Irons Irez Iront

62

Decline the future tense of venir

Viendrai Viendras Viendra Viendrons Viendrez Viendront

63

Decline the future tense of faire

Ferai Feras Fera Ferons Ferez Feront

64

Decline the future tense of vouloir

Voudrai Voudras Voudra Voudrons Voudrez Voudront

65

Decline the future tense of pouvoir

Pourrai Pourras Pourra Pourrons Pourrez Pourront

66

Decline the future tense of of savoir

Saurai Sauras Saura Saurons Saurez Sauront

67

Decline the future tense of devoir

Devrai Devras Devra Devrons Devrez Devront

68

Decline the future tense of falloir

Il faudra

69

Decline the future tense of voir

Verrai Verras Verra Verrons Verrez Verront

70

How are the future tenses of appeler and acheter modified from the normal stem?

Appeler = appellerai, etc. Acheter = achèterai, etc.

71

In summer we shall go to the beach

En été nous irons à la plage

72

In spring

Au printemps

73

In January

En janvier

74

Next Friday

Vendredi prochain

75

Dans quinze jours

In a fortnight's time

76

I'll be at your place in ten minutes

Je serai chez toi dans dix minutes

77

Il viendra en moins de dix minutes

He'll come in less than ten minutes (ie it will take him less than ten minutes)

78

Elle finira son doctorat en quatre ans

She'll finish her doctorate in four years (ie it will take her four years)

79

What is the difference between qui and que?

Qui is a subject pronoun, que is an object pronoun, except where a verb like demander à is used, in which case qui is still used.

80

Nous les accueillerons quand ils arriveront

We’ll welcome them when they arrive

81

Lorsque Mark partira , Stéphanie se sentira très triste

When Mark leaves, Stéphanie will feel very sad

82

In French, a tense called the future perfect (Quand j’aurai terminé mon travail) is used when?

When in English you would use a past tense. This emphasizes that one action will come after the other.

83

Je te téléphonerai quand j’ aurai terminé mon travail

I’ll ring you when I’ve finished work

84

Dès que j’ aurai réparé le tuyautage de Madame Vincent, je rentrerai à la maison

As soon as I’ve repaired Madame Vincent’s pipes, I’ll come home

85

What word do you use instead of de + qui eg after 'parler de' ?

Dont

86

La collègue AVEC QUI je viens au bureau habite près de chez moi

The colleague I come to work with lives near me

87

Le client POUR QUI je fais des recherches veut améliorer ses logiciels

The client I'm doing research for wants to improve his software.

88

As-tu vu l'ordinateur SUR LEQUEL je travaille?

Have you seen the computer I work on?

89

When using the imperative, what three forms of a regular verb are used:

- tu form (minus the s in the case of er verbs) - vous form (n'oubliez pas!) - nous form (allons!)

90

What are the three imperative forms of 'avoir'?

Aie! Ayons! Ayez!

91

What are the three imperative forms of être?

Sois! Soyons! Soyez!

92

He is a teacher

il est professeur

93

Mark likes football

Mark aime le football

94

Nicholas has friends on the internet

Nicolas a des amis sur Internet

95

Georges is watching a football match on the television

Georges regarde un match de football à la télévision

96

Nicholas likes computers

Nicholas aime les ordinateurs

97

Nicholas is meeting friends this evening

Nicholas rencontre des amis ce soir

98

Do you have any hobbies?

Avez-vous des passe-temps?

99

I have some French friends

J'ai des amis français

100

Nicholas goes to the cinema

Nicholas va au cinéma

101

Nicolas prefers this video

Nicolas préfère cette vidéo

102

Stephanie likes this painting by Monet very much

Stéphanie adore ce tableau de Monet

103

Stephanie admires her mother because she does voluntary work

Stéphanie admire sa mère car elle fait du travail bénévole

104

Mark plays football and rugby

Mark fait du football et du rugby

105

Nicholas goes to the cinema

Nicholas va au cinéma

106

Nicolas plays the piano

Nicolas joue DU piano

107

Nicolas prefers this video

Nicolas préfère cette vidéo

108

Stephanie likes this painting by Monet very much

Stéphanie adore ce tableau de Monet

109

Do you like these avant-garde ideas?

Aimez-vous ces idées d'avant-garde?

110

Their father, Georges, has hunting trophies

Leur père, Georges, a des trophées de chasse

111

Mark plays squash on Mondays

Mark joue au squash LE lundi

112

Let's eat this tart

MangEons cette tarte!

113

Let's invest our money in a safe place!

Plaçons notre argent en lieu sûr! (Note use of cedilla for nous form of imperative of verbs ending in -cer)

114

Decline the imperative forms of aller

Va Allons Allez

115

Decline the imperative form of faire

Fais Faisons Faites

116

Decline the imperative forms of savoir

Sache Sachons Sachez

117

When you are speaking, what tense can you use to give a direct order other than using an imperative?

The present tense (tu and vous forms).

118

In formal situations, where written instructions are given, what is sometimes used to convey the instructions?

The infinitive is sometimes used to issue a direct instruction. For example: Composer votre numéro personnel = Type in your PIN

119

I'll give it (m. noun) to him

Je LE LUI donnerai

120

I'll send them to you

Je VOUS LES enverrai

121

Mark buys it (m. noun) for him/ her

Mark LE LUI achète

122

Send it to him/ her!

Envoie-LE-LUI!

123

Achetez-la-moi!

Buy it for me!

124

Don't buy it for me!

Ne me l'achetez pas!

125

What is the past participle of pouvoir?

Pu

126

What is the past participle of vouloir?

Voulu

127

What is the past participle of savoir?

Su

128

What is the past participle of dire?

Dit

129

Does monter take être or avoir in the perfect tense?

Être

130

If past participles of verbs are used with a noun, do they agree with the noun in number and gender?

Yes, eg: Un rendez-vous manqué = A missed meeting

131

A typed letter

Une lettre tapée

132

Des bureaux partagés

Shared offices

133

Which three prepositions are frequently used to refer to events in the past?

Après, avant and pendant.

134

Avez-vous fait bon voyage?

Did you have a good trip?

135

What is the difference between the perfect and imperfect tense?

The perfect is used for single events, the imperfect for frequent events, situations which lasted a long time, and things that happened often.

136

How is the stem of the imperfect tense formed?

It uses the nous form of the present tense, minus the 'ons' ending: Nous avons ==> av- Except être which ===> ét-

137

What are the imperfect tense endings?

-ais -ais -ait -ions -iez -aient

138

When we were little I hated you

Quand nous étions petits je te détestais.

139

You wouldn’t stop crying.

Tu ne cessais pas de pleurer.

140

Our father liked you better than me .

Notre père t’aimait mieux que moi.

141

You (pl) were always together .

Vous étiez toujours ensemble.

142

Tous les jours

Every day

143

Tous les mois

Every month

144

Tous les ans

Every year

145

Deux fois par jour

Twice a day

146

À cette époque

At that time

147

Pendant les années 80

In the 80s

148

Pendant cette période

During that time

149

De 2001 à 2005

From 2001 to 2005

150

Entre 2005 et 2006

Between 2005 and 2006

151

What tense is the following an example of: L'ordinateur a été acheté par Georges

Present passive: The computer was bought by Georges

152

Decline the imperfect tense of avoir when used as a pluperfect tense auxiliary verb.

Avais Avais Avait Avions Aviez Avaient

153

After (conjunction)

Après que

154

When/ while (conjunction)

Pendant que

155

If not using the present passive, how else can you express the passive?

ON nous a priés de ne prendre de photos dans la musée (we were asked not to take photos in the museum) Le nombre de morts dans ces batailles S'EXPLIQUE par... (The number killed in these battles is explained by...)

156

I had been waiting for an hour

J'attendais depuis une heure (Ie use imperfect in such circumstances even if we say something 'had' been going on for a certain time in English.

157

What is a perfect infinitive?

Après avoir quitté (After leaving) Après avoir acheté (After buying)

158

Avant de quitter

Before leaving

159

Avant d'acheter

Before buying

160

To express wishing, wanting, approval, disapproval, regret and doubt, etc. which mood is used if preceded by the appropriate 'signal' ?

The subjunctive. Eg: Je veux que nous visitIONS le musée

161

How is the present subjunctive formed?

Take the ils/elles plural present tense form of the verb, remove -ent and add the following: -e -es -e -ions -iez -ent

162

Which word is often followed by the subjunctive form of a verb?

Que

163

Decline the subjunctive of être

Que je sois Que tu sois Qu'il soit Que nous soyons Que nous soyez Qu'elles soient

164

Decline the subjunctive of avoir

Que j'aie Que tu aies Qu'il ait Que nous ayons Que vous ayez Qu'elles aient

165

Decline the subjunctive of aller

Que j'aille Que tu ailles Qu'il aille Que nous allions Que vous alliez Qu'elles aillent

166

Decline the subjunctive of vouloir

Que je veuille Que tu veuilles Qu'il veuille Que nous voulions Que vous vouliez Qu'elles veuillent

167

Decline the subjunctive of faire

Que je fasse Que tu fasses Qu'il fasse Que nous fassions Que vous fassiez Qu'ils fassent

168

Decline the subjunctive of savoir

Que je sache Que tu saches Qu'il sache Que nous sachions Que vous sachiez Qu'ils sachent

169

Decline the subjunctive of pouvoir

Que je puisse Que tu puisses Qu'il puisse Que nous puissions Que vous puissiez Qu'ils puissent

170

Il faut que takes what form of verb afterwards?

The subjunctive.

171

Vouloir que takes what form of verb afterwards?

The subjunctive

172

Désirer que takes what form of verb afterwards?

The subjunctive

173

Souhaiter que takes what form of verb afterwards?

The subjunctive

174

Aimer que takes what form of verb afterwards?

The subjunctive

175

Avoir peur que and craindre que take what form of verb afterwards?

The subjunctive as well as a meaningless NE before the subjunctive in formal French.

176

Regretter que and être désolé(e) que take what form of verb afterwards?

The subjunctive.

177

How are ce qui and ce que (what/ which) used?

They refer to things (ce qui refers to the subject and ce que refers to the object), and are used to emphasise a particular word or expression in a sentence.

178

What Alison is specially interested in is the history of France

CE QUI intéresse Alison, c'est surtout l'histoire de la France

179

What she wants to see is the historical museums

CE QU'elle veut voir, c'est les musées historiques

180

The transitive form of a verb (VT in a dictionary) requires what?

An object (eg I filled THE CUP).

181

Does the intransitive form of a verb (VI in a dictionary) require an object?

No (eg I ran)

182

What is an impersonal verb?

One which has no je or te, etc. (eg il faut que).

183

What is a pronominal verb? (vpr in a dictionary)

Effectively a reflexive verb.

184

Does il est CLAIR que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The indicative

185

Does il est CERTAIN que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The indicative

186

Does il est SÛR que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The indicative

187

Does il est PROBABLE que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The indicative

188

Does il est POSSIBLE que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

189

Does il est DOUTEUX que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

190

Does il est PEU PROBABLE que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

191

Does il est IMPOSSIBLE que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

192

Does vouloir que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

193

Does ordonner que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

194

Does exiger que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

195

Does insister que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

196

Does être content que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

197

Does être ravi que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

198

Does regretter que take the indicative or the subjunctive?

The subjunctive

199

Can the subjunctive be used to talk about future time?

Yes

200

Nous avons décidé de téléphoner À l'hôtel DUQUEL les Lemaire nous avaient parlé

We decided to phone the hotel the Lemaires had spoken to us about. (Use of lequel/ laquelle after relative pronoun instead of dont in certain circumstances).

201

Quand vous serez à Paris, vous pourrez téléphoner AUX amis DE QUI nous avons parlé.

When you are in Paris, you can phone the friends we spoke about. (Use of de qui after relative pronoun instead of dont in certain circumstances).

202

Verbs to express facts , certainty and probability are followed by...

The indicative.

203

Verbs that express wishes , fears , commands and things which may never happen are followed by...

The subjunctive.

204

croire que , penser que , trouver que are followed by what if they are inverted to form a question?

The subjunctive.

205

Expressions of probability ( il est clair / certain que , i.e. likely to happen) are followed by...

The indicative.

206

Expressions of possibility ( il est peu probable que , i.e. uncertain) are followed by...

The subjunctive

207

Espérer que is always followed by..

The indicative

208

If the subjects of the two verbs are different in a compound sentence, which tense is used for the second verb?

The subjunctive.

209

In a compound sentence where the subject is the same in each case, which tense is used for the second verb?

The infinitive.

210

How is the perfect subjunctive formed?

The present subjunctive of the auxiliary verb (avoir , être) is combined with a past participle. For example: Isabelle a peur que Stéphanie AIT décidé de rester en Écosse (Isabelle is afraid that Stéphanie may have decided to stay in Scotland).

211

Is a superlative sometimes followed by the subjunctive?

Yes, for example: C’est le sondage le plus stupide que j’aie jamais vu . (It’s the stupidest questionnaire I’ve ever seen.)

212

J’ attends que ta sœur SOIT là pour discuter les réponses aux questions.

I’ll wait until your sister is here to discuss the answers to the questions. (Use of subjunctive in expressions of time etc.)

213

Nous attendrons jusqu’à ce qu ’elle SOIT REVENUE, pour lui poser des questions sur ses projets.

We’ll wait until she comes back to ask her questions about her plans. (Use of subjunctive in expressions of time)

214

Georges s’attend à ce que Stéphanie décide de se marier.

Georges expects that Stéphanie will decide to get married. (Use of subjunctive in expressions of expectation).

215

While avant que is followed by the [ ] (an event which has not yet happened), après que (an event which has happened and is now over) is followed by the [ ].

Subjunctive Indicative

216

The past historic is used in written French to recount what?

Events in the past which do not appear to have an ongoing effect in the present.

217

How is the past historic tense formed in the case of a regular -er verb

The following endings are added to the infinitive stem (eg donner): je donn- ai tu donn- as il/elle donn- a nous donn- âmes vous donn- âtes ils/elles donn- èrent

218

How is the past historic tense formed in the case of a regular -ir verb?

je fin- is tu fin- is il/elle fin- it nous fin- îmes vous fin- îtes ils/elles fin- irent

219

How is the past historic formed in the case of a regular -re verb such as vendre?

Je vend- is tu vend- is il/elle vend- it nous vend- îmes vous vend- îtes ils/elles vend- irent

220

Amener is used with [ ] Apporter is used with [ ]

People Things

221

What are the past historic stems of avoir, être, pouvoir and vouloir?

J'eus Je fus Je pus Je voulus

222

How is the imperfect subjunctive formed in written French in the case of a regular -er verb such as donner?

que je donn- asse que tu donn- asses qu’il donn- ât que nous donn- assions que vous donn- assiez qu’ils donn- assent

223

How is the imperfect subjunctive formed in the case of a regular -ir verb such as finir?

que je fin- isse que tu fin- isses qu’il fin- ît que nous fin- issions que vous fin- issiez qu’ils fin- issent

224

Decline the past historic tense in the case of a typical -re verb such as vendre.

que je vend- isse que tu vend- isses qu’il vend- ît que nous vend- issions que vous vend- issiez qu’ils vend- issent

225

What are the past historic stems for avoir and être?

avoir = que j’e- usse, etc. être = que je f- usse, etc.

226

When in formal writing must the imperfect subjunctive be used?

After certain tenses: the imperfect, the past historic and the conditional

227

Madame Rushton voulait que ses locataires payassent le loyer au commencement de la semaine.

Mrs Rushton wanted her lodgers to pay the rent at the beginning of the week . (Mandatory use of imperfect subjunctive in written French)

228

Monsieur Robertson insista que je fusse dans mon bureau à neuf heures moins le quart.

Mr Robertson insisted that I be (subjunctive in English) in my office at a quarter to nine. (Mandatory use of imperfect subjunctive in written French).

229

Decline the conditional tense of a regular -ir verb such as choisir

Je choisir- AIS tu choisir- AIS il choisir- AIT nous choisir- IONS vous choisir- IEZ elles choisir- AIENT

230

Decline the conditional tense of a regular -er verb such as se marier

je me marier- AIS tu te marier- AIS il/elle se marier- AIT nous nous marier- IONS vous vous marier- IEZ ils/elles se marier- AIENT

231

If the tense used after 'si' is the imperfect, the tense in the main clause must be the [ ].

Conditional

232

When you are using indirect speech, a verb the speaker used in the future tense will be changed into the [ ] tense.

Conditional: Stéphanie a dit qu’elle tuerait Nicolas s’il ne cessait pas de la taquiner (Stéphanie said she would kill Nicolas if he didn’t stop pestering her )

233

How is alleged/ doubtful or suggested information conveyed in French?

In French the conditional conveys this nuance: Le marié aurait volé l’alliance (The groom is supposed to have stolen the wedding ring).

234

Does offrir mean 'to offer' when used in the context of a present?

No

235

Tu as donné

You (singular) gave

236

Il a donné

He gave

237

Elle a donné

She gave

238

Nous avons donné

We gave

239

Vous avez donné

You (plural) gave

240

Ils ont donné

They gave (masculine)

241

Elles ont donné

They gave (feminine)

242

J'ai fini

I finished, I have finished

243

J'ai vendu

I sold, I have sold

244

J'ai eu

I had, I have had

245

J'ai bu

I drank, I have drunk

246

J'ai connu

I knew, I have known

247

J'ai couru

I ran, I have run

248

J'ai cru

I believed, I have believed

249

J'ai donné

I gave

250

J'ai dit

I said, I have said

251

J'ai écrit

I wrote, I have written

252

J'ai fait

I made/ did I have made/ done

253

J'ai lu

I read, I have read

254

J'ai mis

I put, I have put

255

J'ai ouvert

I opened, I have opened

256

Il a plu

It rained, it has rained

257

J'ai pu

I was able, I have been able

258

J'ai pris

I took, I have taken

259

J'ai reçu

I received, I have received

260

J'ai ri

I laughed, I have laughed

261

J'ai su

I knew, I have known

262

J'ai suivi

I followed, I have followed

263

J'ai veçu

I lived, I have lived

264

J'ai vu

I saw, I have seen

265

J'ai voulu

I wanted, I have wanted

266

Je suis revenu(e)

I came back, I have come back

267

Je suis venu(e)

I came, I have come

268

Il est mort, elle est morte

He died, she died

269

Je suis né(e)

I was born

270

Je me suis lavé(e)

I washed myself

271

Tu t'es lavé(e)

You (s) washed yourself

272

Il s'est lavé, elle s'est lavée

He washed himself, she washed herself

273

Nous nous sommes lavé(e)s

We washed ourselves

274

Vous vous êtes lavé(e)(s)

You (pl) washed yourselves

275

Ils se sont lavés, elles se sont lavées

They washed themselves (m/f)

276

Je suis allé(e) au restaurant. J'ai mangé un steak et j'ai bu un verre de bière.

I went to the restaurant. I ate a steak and I drank a glass of beer.

277

I look at

Je regarde

278

You look at (informal singular)

Tu regardes

279

He looks at

Il regarde

280

She looks at

Elle regarde

281

We look at

Nous regardons

282

You look at (plural or polite singular)

Vous regardez

283

They look at (masculine)

Ils regardent

284

They look at (feminine)

Elles regardent

285

Arriver

To arrive

286

Manger

To eat

287

Donner

To give

288

Chercher

To look for

289

Habiter

To live

290

Trouver

To find

291

Marcher

To walk

292

Préparer

To prepare

293

Chanter

To sing

294

Commencer

To begin

295

I live in London

J'habite à Londres

296

He walks slowly

Il marche lentement

297

They (m) arrive late

Ils arrivent en retard

298

We sing well

Nous chantons bien

299

He prepares his books

Il prépare ses livres

300

He gives money

Il donne de l'argent

301

They (f) are watching TV

Elles regardent la télé

302

We start at nine o' clock

Nous commençons à neuf heures

303

We are looking for a café

Nous cherchons un café

304

We look for a café

Nous cherchons un café

305

I finish

Je finis

306

You (informal singular) finish

Tu finis

307

He finishes

Il finit

308

She finishes

Elle finit

309

We finish

Nous finissons

310

You (polite/ plural) finish

Vous finissez

311

They (m) finish

Ils finissent

312

They (f) finish

Elles finissent

313

Bâtir

To build

314

Choisir

To choose

315

Remplir

To fill

316

I am building a house

Je bâtis une maison

317

You (singular) choose a book

Tu choisis un livre

318

You (plural) fill the page

Vous remplissez la page

319

She finishes her work

Elle finit son travail

320

We choose well

Nous choisissons bien

321

I sell

Je vends

322

You sell (informal singular)

Tu vends

323

He sells

Il vend

324

She sells

Elle vend

325

We sell

Nous vendons

326

You sell (plural/ polite)

Vous vendez

327

They sell (m)

Ils vendent

328

They sell (f)

Elles vendent

329

Attendre

To wait for

330

Entendre

To hear

331

Rendre

To give back

332

Perdre

To lose

333

Répondre

To answer

334

Descendre

To go down

335

J'attends le bus

I wait for the bus

336

Tu entends une explosion

You hear an explosion

337

Nous rendons l'argent

We give back the money

338

Ils perdent le chien

They (m) lose the dog

339

Elles descendent la rue

They (f) go down the road

340

Il répond à l'invitation

He replies to the invitation

341

Vous vendez la maison

You (plural/ polite) sell the house

342

Decline the present tense of 'aller' (to go)

Je vais Tu vas Il/ elle va Nous allons Vous allez Ils/ elles vont

343

Decline the present tense of 'avoir' (to have)

J'ai Tu as Il/ elle a Nous avons Vous avez Ils/ elles ont

344

Decline the present tense of 'boire' (to drink)

Je bois Tu bois Il/ elle boit Nous buvons Vous buvez Ils/ elles boivent

345

Decline the present tense of 'connaître' (to know a person/ place)

Je connais Tu connais Il/ elle connaît Nous connaissons Vous connaissez Ils/ elles connaissent

346

Decline the present tense of 'croire' (to believe)

Je crois Tu crois Il/ elle croit Nous croyons Vous croyez Ils/ elles croient

347

Decline the present tense of 'courir' (to run)

Je cours Tu cours Il/ elle court Nous courons Vous courez Ils/ elles courent

348

'Plein' means full, but when used informally, it means..?

'Lots of'

349

Decline the past historic of 'faire'.

Je fis Tu fis Il/ elle/ on fit Nous fîmes Vous fîtes Ils/ elles firent

350

Decline the past historic of 'donner'.

Je donnai Tu donnas Il/ elle/ on donna Nous donnâmes Vous donnâtes Ils/ elles donnèrent

351

How is CE or C' often used and what does the word mean?

As a third person neutral or impersonal subject pronoun before the verb 'être'. When used before 'est' the word often equates to 'it' but when used before 'sont' the word can equate to 'they'.

352

C'est fantastique!

IT's fantastic!

353

Ce sera le dernier concert de l'année.

IT will be the last concert of the year.

354

Ce sont mes parents.

THEY are my parents.

355

Ce sont mes parents qui me l'ont donné.

IT'S my parents who gave it to me.

356

What is the difference between CE and ÇA (being a contraction of CELA)?

They are both impersonal subject pronouns but whereas CE is used with être whereas ÇA is used with other verbs. ÇA can also mean 'that' as well as 'it'.

357

Ça dépend de ce qu'il dira.

IT depends on what he says.

358

Ça va faire mal.

IT'll hurt.

359

When is 'il/ elle est' used at the start of a sentence to introduce a noun as opposed to 'c'est'?

When it is used to introduce a job or position with NO article (such as 'un' for example).

360

C'est ma soeur.

IT's/ SHE's my sister.

361

C'est la tempête qui a coulé le bâteau.

IT was the storm that sank the boat.

362

Ce sera la dernière fois que je le ferai pour toi.

IT'll be the last time I do it for you.

363

Je pense que c'est un architecte.

I think he's / IT's an architect.

364

Je pense qu'il est médecin.

I think he's a doctor. (Note use of il est rather than c'est).

365

When is 'il est' used to introduce an adjective as opposed to 'c'est'?

When it leads to a subordinate clause.

366

C'est très difficile.

IT's very difficult.

367

Mais c'est parfait.

But IT's/ THAT's perfect.

368

Il est très difficile de trouver la bonne réponse.

IT's very difficult to find the right answer. (Note use of 'il est' rather than 'c'est'.

369

Which gender does 'bébé' take, irrespective of its actual gender?

Masculine - un bébé

370

Which gender does 'guide' take, irrespective of its actual gender?

Masculine - un guide

371

Which gender does 'personne' take, irrespective of its actual gender?

Feminine - une personne

372

Which gender does 'vedette' (a star) take, irrespective of its actual gender?

Feminine - une vedette - a (male or female) star

373

Un Anglais

An Englishman

374

Une AnglaisE

An Englishwoman

375

Un prince

A prince

376

Une princeSSE

A princess

377

Un employé

A (male) employee

378

Une employéE

A (female) employee

379

Un camarade

A (male) friend

380

Une camarade

A (female) friend

381

Un Belge

A Belgian (man)

382

Une Belge

A Belgian (woman)

383

A bull and a cow

Un taureau et une vache

384

A male dog and a female dog

Un chien et une chienne

385

Which gender does 'souris' take, irrespective of its actual gender?

Feminine - une souris (a mouse)

386

Which gender does 'poisson' take, irrespective of its actual gender?

Masculine - un poisson (a fish)

387

If you don't know or care what the sex of an animal which affects its spelling/ pronounciation, which gender do you usually use?

The masculine form

388

French words ending in -e are usually which gender?

Feminine

389

French words ending in a consonant are usually which gender?

Masculine

390

French words ending in -age are usually which gender (subject to exceptions) ?

Masculine (NB: une image, une page, la plage)

391

French words ending in -ment are usually which gender?

Masculine

392

French words ending in -oir are usually which gender?

Masculine

393

French words ending in -sme are usually which gender?

Masculine

394

French words ending in -eau are usually which gender (subject to exceptions) ?

Masculine (NB: la peau, l'eau)

395

French words ending in -eu are usually which gender?

Masculine

396

French words ending in -ou are usually which gender?

Masculine

397

French words ending in -ier are usually which gender?

Masculine

398

French words ending in -in are usually which gender (subject to exceptions) ?

Masculine (NB: la fin, la main)

399

French words ending in -on are usually which gender (subject to exceptions) ?

Masculine (NB: la maison, la saison)

400

Days of the week in French are which gender?

Masculine

401

Months of the year are which gender in French?

Masculine

402

Seasons of the year are which gender in French?

Masculine

403

The names of languages are which gender in French?

Masculine (eg le français)

404

Most metric weights and measures are which gender in French?

Masculine

405

English nouns used in French are usually which gender?

Masculine (eg un sandwich)

406

French words ending in -ance are usually which gender?

Feminine

407

French words ending in -anse are usually which gender?

Feminine

408

French words ending in -ence are usually which gender (subject to exceptions) ?

Feminine (NB le silence)

409

French words ending in -ense are usually which gender?

Feminine

410

French words ending in -ion are usually which gender (subject to exceptions) ?

Feminine (NB un avion)

411

French words ending in -té are usually which gender (subject to exceptions) ?

Feminine (NB l'été, le pâté)

412

If a singular noun ends in -s, -x or -z, is a further -s added in the plural?

No

413

Nouns ending in -eau or -eu usually add what to indicate a plural noun?

-x

414

Does adding an -s or -x to the end of a noun usually change the way the word is pronounced?

No

415

If a singular noun ends in -al or -ail, how does the plural form usually end?

-aux (for example, un journal, des journAUX)

416

Can words be singular in French but plural in English?

Yes. For example: Un slip (pants) Un short (shorts) Un pantalon (trousers)

417

Can words be plural in French but singular in English?

Yes. For example: Les affaires (business) Les cheveux (hair) Des renseignements (information)

418

When 'les' is used in front of a word that starts with a consonant, do you say the 's' on the end of 'les' ?

No

419

When 'les' is used in front of a word that starts with a vowel (sound), do you say the 's' on the end of 'les' ?

Yes, being pronounced as a 'z', eg 'les amis'

420

When 'des' is used in front of a word that starts with a consonant, do you say the 's' on the end of 'des' ?

No

421

When 'des' is used in front of a word that starts with a vowel (sound), do you say the 's' on the end of 'des' ?

Yes, pronounced as a 'z'

422

What is the usual meaning of 'des'?

'some'

423

In questions and negative sentences, what does 'des' tend to mean?

'any' - for example 'tu as des frères?' (Have you any brothers?)

424

Do you have stamps?

Avez-vous DES timbres? (i.e., we might miss out the indefinite article in English but it cannot be missed out in French).

425

In what two places is the indefinite article not used?

With the adjective 'quel' (for example, 'quel dommage!') and when saying what jobs people do (for example, 'il est professeur').

426

When you use 'c'est' to mean he/she is [a doctor], do you use un/ une before the noun?

Yes - c'est UN médecin

427

When you use 'ce sont' to mean 'they are [actors]', do you use 'des' before the noun?

Yes - ce sont DES acteurs

428

When an adjective comes before a noun, what does 'des' change to?

DE - for example 'j'ai reçu DE beaux cadeaux'

429

If a masculine adjective ends in a vowel, does its pronunciation change when an -e is aded to form the feminine?

No. Joli and joliE are both pronounced the same.

430

If a masculine adjective ends in a consonant that is noy pronounced, is the consonant pronounced when the -e is added in the feminine form?

Yes; so the 'd' is not pronounced in 'chaud' but it is pronounced in 'chaudE'.

431

What is a nasal vowel?

Some masculine adjectives such as 'bon' or 'italien' end in a 'nasal vowel' and an 'n' where the vowel is pronounced through the nose but the n is not pronounced. When the consonant is doubled with an 'e' to form the feminine, the vowel becomes a normal one, and the 'n' is pronounced.

432

When an adjective describes a masculine and a feminine noun or pronoun, which plural form of the adjective is used?

The masculine.

433

If a masculine singular form of an adjective already ends in an -s or an -x, is an -s added in the plural form?

No

434

If the masculine singular form of an adjective ends in -eau or -al, how do the plural forms end?

-eaux and -aux respectively.

435

When is the -s or -x on an adjective coming before a noun pronounced?

When the noun starts with a vowel or (mostly) with an 'h'. It is pronounced as a 'z'. For example 'de grandS hôtels'.

436

When an adjective describes a masculine and a feminine noun, which form of adjective is used?

Masculine plural - la maison et le jardin sont beaux.

437

Adjectives relating to what can sometimes be invariable?

Certain colours, for example: bleu marine (navy blue), orange, marron.

438

Il est AUSSI inquiet QUE moi.

He's AS worried AS me.

439

Cette ville n'est pas AUSSI grande QUE Bordeaux.

This town isn't as big as Bordeaux.

440

When a superlative adjective comes after the noun, what is repeated?

The definite article. For example 'les mois LES moins agréables' ('the least pleasant months').

441

When a superlative adjective comes before the noun, is the definite article repeated?

No. For example 'les moins belles photos' ('the least attractive photos'.

442

In phrases like 'the biggest hotel in', what word is used for 'in'?

De. For example, le plus grand hôtel DE Londres.

443

I've got a better idea.

J'ai une MEILLEURE idée.

444

Can 'bien', 'mieux' and 'le mieux' constitute both adjectives and adverbs?

Yes: il est bien, ce restaurant (adjective - this restaurant is good); elle va mieux aujourd'hui (adverb - she's better today).

445

What is a demonstrative adjective?

A word like this, that, these, and those which is used to point out a particular thing or person.

446

To emphasise the difference between a particular thing close to you and a particular thing further away, what can be added to the end of the relevant noun?

Cette valise-CI (for things that are closer) and cette personne-LÀ (for things that are further away).

447

Are possessive adjectives normally used with parts of the body?

No - j'ai mal a LA main (my hand hurts).

448

I've got other plans

J'ai D'AUTRES projets

449

I go every year

J'y vais CHAQUE année

450

I have same coat

J'ai le même manteau

451

He has some friends in Paris

Il a QUELQUES amis à Paris

452

There are a few bottles left

Il reste QUELQUES bouteilles

453

He works all the time

Il Travaille TOUT le temps

454

Every day

Tous les jours

455

Tous les deux jours

Every other day

456

I, you, he, her and they are what type of pronouns?

Personal pronouns - they can also be subject pronouns or object pronouns.

457

Mine and yours are what type of pronouns?

Possessive pronouns

458

Someone and nothing are what type of pronouns?

Indefinite pronouns - they refer to people or things in a general way without saying exactly who or what they are.

459

Who which and that are what sort of pronouns?

Relative pronouns which link two parts of a sentence together.

460

This and those are what sort of pronouns?

Demonstrative pronouns which point things or people out.

461

SE in se laver is what type of pronoun?

A reflexive pronoun forming part of a reflexive verb.

462

I'm just coming!

J'arrive!

463

Right, I'm off.

Bon, j'y vais.

464

You may come in.

Vous pouvez entrer.

465

Do past participles used with être in the perfect tense have to agree in the feminine and plural forms?

Yes.

466

He's already left.

Il est déjà parti.

467

Does your dog bite?

Il mord, ton chien?

468

Take this chair. It's more comfortable.

Prends cette chaise. Elle est plus confortable.

469

Shall we go?

On y va?

470

On vous demande au téléphone.

YOU'RE wanted on the phone.

471

On m'a dit que tu étais malade.

THEY told me you were ill.

472

On peut visiter le château en été.

YOU can visit the castle in the summer.

473

He writes to us every day.

Il NOUS écrit tous les jours.

474

What did you buy him?

Qu'est-ce que tu LUI as acheté?

475

Can you get me a towel?

Tu M'apportes une serviette?

476

I'm writing to her

Je LUI écris

477

He phones them every evening

Il LEUR téléphone tous les soirs (use of indirect object pronoun in French as opposed to use of direct object pronoun in English).

478

I'll wait for them outside the station

Je LES attends devant la gare (example of verb taking direct object pronoun)

479

Dominique's writing you a letter

Dominique VOUS écrit une lettre

480

He doesn't speak to us

Il ne NOUS parle pas

481

He won't answer me

Il ne veut pas ME répondre

482

Give her that!

Donne-lui ÇA!

483

I often think of you (informal).

Je pense souvent à TOI.

484

Is this for me?

C'est pour MOI? (Use of emphatic pronoun after a preposition).

485

Come with me.

Venez avec MOI.

486

He needs us

Il a besoin de NOUS.

487

You have to have confidence in yourself.

Il faut avoir confiance en SOI.

488

Everyone went home.

Tout le monde est rentré chez SOI.

489

You look like your father, she doesn't.

TOI, tu ressembles à ton père, mais ELLE non. (Use of emphatic pronoun for emphasis)

490

He's getting on my nerves!

Il m'énerve, LUI! (Use of emphatic pronoun for emphasis)

491

Who broke the window? He did.

Qui a cassé la fenêtre? LUI. (Use of emphatic pronoun without a verb).

492

I'm tired. Me too.

Je suis fatigué. MOI aussi. (Use of emphatic pronoun without a verb).

493

Is that you, Simon?

C'est TOI, Simon? (Use of emphatic pronoun after c'est).

494

It's them.

Ce sont EUX. (Use of emphatic pronoun after ce sont).

495

You're younger than me.

Tu es plus jeune que MOI. (Use of emphatic pronoun in comparisons).

496

He's smaller than you (informal) are.

Il est moins grand que TOI. (Use of emphatic pronoun in comparisons).

497

Mon père et ELLE ne s'entendent pas.

My father and her don't get on. (Use of emphatic pronoun when the subject of the sentence is made up of two pronouns or of a pronoun and a noun).

498

I did it myself.

Je l'ai fait MOI-MÊME.

499

She chose it herself.

Elle l'a choisi ELLE-MÊME.

500

S'il pleut cela ne vaut pas la peine de partir

If it rains it's not worth going