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Flashcards in High Rise Office Buildings Deck (124):
0

T/F HIRI Building evacuation supervisor is needed when 100 people above/ below street level or less than 400 people entire building.

False
less than 500 people in entire building

1

What years were HI-RI required to have a fire tower?

1938-1968 *does not mean they have them
PS. before 38 some have fire towers

2

T/F HIRI core construction is when building systems are grouped together in the center of the building.

False
it can ALSO be on one of the sides
Center/Side Core

3

HIRI are curtain walls bearing?

no
non-bearing

4

What is an elevator door vane?

CONNECTION between elevator car door and hoistaway door.

5

HIRI what is considered the fire sector?

fire floor and floor above

6

HIRI what is the typical size and how many stairways?

200x400
6 stairways on lower floors
3 or more on upper floors
PS others have ONLY 2 from lobby to roof

7

What is the minimum height to be considered a
HIRI?

75 feet

8

HIRI for primarily for transacting business will fall under what class?

Class E also public/civic services fall under "E"
Limited stock

9

HIRI falls into 3 types of construction and what are their years?

heavy before 1945
medium 45-68
light after 68
PS just remember the middle #'s

10

T/F HIRI heavy weight construction u would find plenum?

No plenum
No core

11

What type of HIRI building has steam heat, no central AC and exterior windows do open?

Before 45 Heavy Weight

12

HIRI, what type building has lack of compartmentation

Light weight after 68
PS used spray on fire proofing

13

In light weight HIRI buildings there is a major flaw what is it?

6"-12" space in exterior walls which requires add.
fire stopping.

14

Where would u find extensive plenums in HIRI?

Light weight (after 68) and lack fire stopping

15

What type building would u find extensive core construction?

HIRI after 68. Light weight

16

HIRI. HVAC has 2 general categories?

Central- most common,air to more than 1fl.
Non-Central-serves the floor where equipment is

17

HVAC are divided into 3 sub-systems?

processing equipment
supply
return

18

On the HVAC where would u find the smoke detectors?

on the returns

19

HVAC. What is the room called where they process the air?

MER
Mechanical Equipment Room

20

HIRI Will we find one HVAC unit serving the whole building?

NO
We usually find a group # of HVAC'S each supplying a group of floors (supply zones)

21

HIRI. There are 4 places u find Fire Dampers?

supply ducts meet supply shaft
pass through a rated partition
air enters RETURN from plenum on each FL.
RETURN air passes a rated partition

22

Is return air in the plenum ducted?

no

23

If the HVAC is not turned off automatically, manually shut which side the supply or return?

Both

24

T/F In some HVAC systems the smoke detectors only shut down the return side?

False supply side
u have to manually shut the return

25

Place the HVAC in the non circulating mode:
_____ all outside air dampers.
_____ all mixing valves
_____ all exhaust dampers

Open
Close
Open
PS everything to the outside we open up

26

T/F After we determine the fire floor turn on the SUPPLY to HVAC, to the building except the floor where the fire is?

False
do not turn on the FIRE AREA.
? i assume they mean the floor above also?

27

HVAC has fusible links that are rated approx. ____
above Max normal temps.

50 degrees

28

T/F HVAC Once a fire damper closes it must be Manually opened.

True

29

T/F Local Law #5 requires product of combustion ionization device OR a COMBO of approved smoke detecting device AND fixed temp thermostatic device.

true
PS these devices are located on the return on each fl. activation shall stop air into and leaving floor

30

Manual fire pumps for the1938 building code the height would have to be?

Over 250'
PS 1968 over 300'
pumps got better with time that is why they go higher in the later years!

31

Pump rooms are normally located where?

on the Lowest floor
cellar or sub-cellar

32

Pump room bypass is located on what side of the fire pump?

Discharge side

33

AS we know bypass valve should be closed position, if not still start pumps.
on a 8" riser loss would be ____%
on a 6" riser loss would be ____%

25%
45%
These #'s are with bypass open

34

Control Cabinet for fire pump are in the shape of a large cube, size varies from ________.

6x6x6x
8x8x8x (older models)

35

How do u start fire pumps?

PS if pumps fail to start then use Emergency Power Lever. push or pull

ACRO: kansas city starters suck
close KNIFE switch to "ON" position
close CIRCUIT breaker& power on
push START button& pump on
move SELECTOR LEVEL

36

Recommended pump pressures start at?

150 psi for floors 1-10 and increase by 50psi every 10 floors
PS the ECC will be the member operating pumps if no engineer

37

Pump capacity is usually_____ and most have 2 pumps that are connected in the parallel position.

750gpm
PS keep both pumps around the same pressure

38

T/F Most buildings have 1 manual and 1 automatic fire pump?

False
Most have 2 manual.
Some have 1 manual 1 automatic

39

T/F If there is 2 manual pumps start both?

true
each will have its own control panel

40

Fire pumps should be able to deliver a pressure of
____ psi at the highest floor outlet?

50psi

41

Fire pump relief valve is required to be set to ____psi above the highest floor outlet.

15 psi

42

Primary water supply in HIRI is?

in most operations will be FD engines

43

In HIRI what is the Rule of Thumb when talking about water supply?

separate engine supplying system for each handline in operation

44

HIRI CFR engine takes what tools?

All CFR equipment and forcible entry tools

45

T/F A 2nd alarm is transmitted for visible fire OR smoke coming through the skin of the building or when a serious fire verified?

true

46

What is the location in a HIRI of these ladders
1st
2nd
3rd
4th

1st/2nd fire fl
3rd floor above
4th operate on upper floors/search attack stairs

47

HIRI What is the preferred method of evacuation of people?

Fire tower if they have one.

48

HIRI 2nd line is used to?

reinforce/protect 1st line.
protect search/evacuate fire fl.
contain/confine/prevent fire from wrapping around core.

49

HIRI During a fire initially what floors need o be evacuated?

Fire Sector

50

HIRI, The time of the day will affect what?

ACRO: SRO
status of building systems
response times
occupancy load

51

ICS NOTE
Who reports to who, put in proper order:
Supervisors
Directors
Leaders

Acro: DSL
Directors
Supervisors
Leaders

52

HIRI Fire sector supervisor will communicate with his units on what HT channel?
SAE group will communicate with his units on?
FSA manager will communicate with his units on?

Primary tactical
Secondary Tactical
Command Channel

54

HIRI Where is the location of Forward Staging Area?

USUALLY 2 floors below Fire

55

HIRI The lobby control unit what is there main purpose?

Recall,control,operate elevators.
Search elevators that TERMINATE IN LOBBY
Control access points,direct personnel&occupants

56

HIRI What is the main purpose of the systems control unit?

monitor communications system,HVAC and other systems.

57

HIRI Who is in charge of transporting equipment by elevator or stairs?

High Rise Support Unit
PS will report to Forward Staging Area

58

HIRI, Where is the staging area located?

OUTSIDE away from the building do not confuse this with the forward staging area.

59

HIRI, Who is usually located 3floors below the fire?

Forward Triage Area

60

HIRI, Where is the Search&Evacuation located?

2 floors above the fire

61

HIRI, How many units will be stationed at the Forward Staging Area?

AT LEAST 3 engines 2 trucks
PS. 20 scba's

62

HIRI, If Officer leaves the ICP who would be the preferable member to command the post?

1st LCC

63

HIRI, What does an engine company report to the forward staging area with?

ACRO: MESH
mask& extra cylinder per member
standpipe kit & nozzle
Length of Hose per FF

64

HIRI, What does the ladder company report to the forward staging area with?

Acro: METS
Mask& Extra cylinder per FF
Two sets of forcible entry tools& 6'hooks
Search/utility ropes

65

HIRI, When encountering a fixed stairwell pressurization system, Should it be turned off or on?

ON
Do not augment with PPF"s enter in CIDS

66

HIRI, When can natural vertical vent start?

Once the fire has been extinguished.
Doors at the bottom and top will be opened

67

HIRI, When does "Stack Effect" becomes noticeable in buildings? (height)

OVER 60
increases as height of building increases

68

Positive stack effect increases as ______ air temp decreases in relation to _____ temp.

outside
inside

69

Negative Stack occurs when outside temp is above____?

ABOVE 90 degrees
Cold weather is good for us.

70

HIRI T/F Doors at the top must be opened to get the greatest effect of the stack effect?

False
top and bottom

71

HIRI,Can Fire Towers be used as the attack stair?

Not Recommended

72

HIRI, Who ensures the Attack is clear of occupants for at
least 5 floors above the fire?

Fire Sector Supervisor would be an officer at 1st but the 2nd BC takes over.

73

HIRI, Who advises the IC as to the need and placement of 2nd line?

Fire Sector Supervisor

74

HIRI, Where is the Fire Command Station located?

In lobby near elevator control panel

75

HIRI. Where do u find loud speakers?

all floors
all elevators
all stairway enclosures

76

HIRI, 2 way comm between the fire command station and Who?

ACRO: WAMEE
Warden Station
Air Handling Control Rooms
Mechanical Control Center
Elevators& Elevator Machinery Rooms

77

HIRI, Floor Warden Station is on each fl.between the exits. What does it consist of?

Phone type handset
visual & audible @ fire command station
2-way voice communications with fire command station.
make announcements on that floor
door painted RED and says "fire emergency-open door to operate"

78

HIRI, Manual Fire Alarm stations installed so no point on any floor is more than ______ ft away

200

79

HIRI, Activation of Manual Fire Alarm Sending Station will Cause?

automatic tran to FD
Visual&Audible@ fire command station,MCC and regularly assigned location of Fire safety Director.
Alarm on FIRE FL. and FL. ABOVE

80

HIRI READ 7.2.5 & 7.3.1

READ

81

HIRI T/F Activation alarm in HVAC does everything except the recall of the elevator

True

82

HIRI, What would u use to establish hard wire comm between ICP and various fire sectors?

Warden telephone system

83

HIRI. Where would u find 2 way communication?

Elevators
Fire pump room
Air handling control center
Mechanical Control Center

84

HIRI, What are 1st ALARM general goals?

control elevators, locate fire fl and best access
S&E of fire SECTOR
RECON OF EXTERIOR
Initiate search of uppermost floors& all stairways
(especially Attack)

85

HIRI, 1st arriving ladder company gets what info
from Fire Safety Director?
IMPORTANT!

ACRO:AFEE
ACCESS Stairs serving fire fl
location of FIRE
EVACUATION procedures
ELEVATOR status

86

HIRI, 1st arriving ladder PRIOR to leaving lobby MUST do?
IMPORTANT!

ACRO: FAME
get FLOOR PLAN (if more than 1 copy)
ACCESS stair keys
MAN ICP
fire area ELEVATORS in fireman service

87

HIRI, Due to HVAC and the stack effect smoke can permeate the entire zone up to _____ floors.

25

88

HIRI, Who performs prelim inspection of the exterior?

LCC

89

HIRI 1st to arrive ladder upon arrival at floor BELOW fire relays what info to ICP?
IMPORTANT!

ACRO: F-SHLAP
Fire fl
Stairway with Standpipe
Heat/Smoke
Life Hazard
Advancing Engine
Primary Search

90

HIRI, Where does 2nd arriving ladder company go?

fire fl to assist in search and evacuation.

91

HIRI, Does the 2nd ladder use the same elevator as 1st ladder?

If possible yes.
If another is used staff with HT member and operate until relieved.

92

HIRI, Where does 3rd arriving ladder go to?

floor above fire. try to take elevator that is already in fireman service so not to lose a member

93

HIRI. 3rd truck takes what stairs to get to the fl above?

not the attack stairs

94

Who determines what stairway for the occupants to take for examination AND EXAMINES ALL stairways and informs ICP?

3rd Arriving truck

95

HIRI, 3rd arriving ladder will examine the fl above fire and report to the ICP what?

ACRO: FACE
FIRE extension
ACCESS stairs
CONDITIONS Heat/Smoke
EVACUATION Status

96

HIRI, 3rd truck is having problems clearing the attack stairs who do they notify?

1st arriving truck COMPANY
Fire sector supervisor/ Fire branch director

97

HIRI, Who performs Primary searches on the fl above the fire?

3RD truck

98

T/F Notification of missions accomplished is very important to the IC?

False
missions NOT accomplished.

99

HIRI, Who brings an extra cylinder into the building, 1st 2nd or 3rd due?

none of them

100

HIRI, 4th truck what are there primary objectives?

Roof Ops
primary search of TOP 5 Floors

101

HIRI, Does 4th truck report in with a extra cylinder per FF?

Yes

102

HIRI, How does 4th truck get to the roof?

Blind Shaft Elevator
or
Stairway other than attack

103

HIRI, 4th truck gets to the roof area shall report what info to the IC?
IMPORTANT!

ACRO: COW VU
Conditions in stairs
Occupants
WINDOWS any fire/occupants visible from roof
Ventilation
Unusual conditions

104

HIRI, After roof Ops for the 4th truck. What would be they do?

Upper floors of elevator bank serving fire floor.

105

HIRI, Greater alarm and special called ladder/engine report where?

ICP in lobby or
lobby control unit or
staging area outside building
in this order!

106

HIRI. What info does the 1st arriving engine get from FSD?
PS remain at ICP until 1st ladder verified location

ACRO: AFEE
ACCESS stairs serving fire floor
Location of FIRE
EVACUATION Procedures implemented
ELEVATORS Status

107

HIRI. 2nd arriving engine officer main task is what?

Provide communication link with Post radio to lobby and fire area until sector/branch established. Be in vicinity of standpipe of 1st line.

108

HIRI. When does the 2nd engine officer leave the standpipe outlet?

once correct nozzle pressure is supplied.

109

HIRI T/F The 2nd engine stays with the 1st line once it is stretched and operating?

False leave once this is done, to conserve air.

110

HIRI. 3rd/4th engines 2nd hoseline is there for what reasons?
PS directed by fire sector supervisor/IC

Reinforce 1st line
protect position of 1st line
protect and search evacuation of fire fl
contain/confine from wrapping around core

111

HIRI. Can greater alarm engines be used to assist in search of upper floors?

Yes

112

HIRI. T/F grater alarm engines can not be used to transport special tools /equip to the FSA.

False

113

HIRI. Units with no specific orders shall bring SCBS, Rolled up lengths and spare cylinders to ______.

lobby area

114

High Rise Office Buildings
Building built before this date are considered HEAVY WEIGHT BUILDINGS?

Before 1945

115

High Rise Office Buildings
Building built between these YEARS required FIRE TOWERS?

Built between 1945-1968

116

High Rise Office Building
Building built after these year have a LACK of COMPARTMENTATION,built on "Q" decking FLOORS and have PLENUM CEILING?

Built AFTER 1968

117

High Rise Office Building
Class E
Built AFTER 1968

Lightweight building
8-10 lbs /cubic ft
HVAC system
CORE construction
"Q" Decking Floors
Plenum Ceilings
LACK of COMPARTMENTATION
FIRE tower NOT REQUIRED
Exterior WALLS are CURTAIN WALLS (glass n metal)
Exterior WINDOWS USUALLY NOT OPENABLE

118

High Rise Office Buildings
Class E
Built BEFORE 1945

HEAVY WEIGHT building
20-23 lbs cubic ft
STRUCTURAL STEEL encased in
CONCRETE/ MASONRY WALLS tied to FLOORS
FIRE TOWER not required UNTIL 1938
No CORE CONSTRUCTION
No CENTRAL A/C usually
EXTERIOR WINDOWS open

119

High Rise Office Buildings
Class E
Buildings built btween 1945-1968

MEDIUM WEIGHT building
10-20 lbs cubic ft
FIRE TOWERS REQUIRED
mix of pre 1945 buildings n 1968 characteristics

120

High Rise Office Buildings
What AREA is located TWO FLOORS BELOW the fire?

FORWARD STAGING AREA

121

High Rise Office Building
Where is the FIRE SECTOR located?

FLOOR BELOW the FIRE

122

High Rise Office Building
Where are these POST/SECTORS/GROUPS located?
ICP
FIRE SECTOR
FORWARD STAGING AREA
FORWARD TRIAGE UNIT
SEARCH&EVAC GROUP

LOBBY (ICP)
Floor BELOW the FIRE (FIRE SECTOR)
TWO floors BELOW the FIRE (FORWARD STAGING AREA)
BELOW the Forward Staging Area (FORWARD TRIAGE UNIT)

FLOOR not served by an ELEVATOR serving FIRE FLOOR
&
At least 5 floors ABOVE the FIRE FLOOR
Is called the
SEARCH & EVAC GROUP

123

High Rise Office Buildings
Pump PRESSURES
FLOORS
1-10
11-20
21-30
31-40
41-50

Floors
1-10 150psi
11-20 200psi
21-30 250psi
31-40 300psi
41-50 350psi

KEYWORD IS FIRE FLOOR

124

High Rise Office Building
FDNY strategic OPERATING PLAN for HI-RISE FIRES are,in order:

D VEG C

D determine fire floor
V verify fire floor
E evacuation simultaneously,as soon as possible
G gain control of building system
C confine/extinguish fire

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