Taxpayers also 38/68 build code Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Taxpayers also 38/68 build code Deck (185):
1

A force PERPENDICULAR to supporting member, EVENLY APPLIED to bearing structure?

Axial Load
PS eccentric does not pass through the center and load NOT EVENLY applied

2

A course of brick built out from the face of a wall, as steps in reverse?

Corbelling

3

Loads exerted outwardly on a horizontal plane?(walls usually not designed for this?

Lateral load

4

What are the dimensions of Gypsum Plank?

2" thick
2' wide
8' long
supported at 4' intervals or
7' if heavy gauge steel edged plate used

5

When masonry surfaces lose layers of mass, exposed to heat?

Spall

6

Tax, What class do they fall under?

Class 3
exterior firewalls
interior wood

7

Tax, What is the most common size?

Approx 100x100

8

Tax, What are the years they are divided into?

1900-1920 remove decorative cornice
usually 1 story some 2 story
1920-1960 most prevalent, usually 2 story,
remove decorative cornice usually no
1960-present

9

Which tax is most prevalent?

20's-60's

10

Tax, 1920's are usually how many stories?

Usually 1 some are 2
Would be considered wood frame building with exterior masonry walls, tin ceilings

11

Tax, What years building would u be able to remove decorative cornice?

1900-1920's

12

Tax, 20-60's are how big?

many are 2 stories- 1 tenant occupancy/ various stores on 1st fl.

13

Tax, 20-60's Are there fire walls?

MAY HAVE
Variable termination points

14

Tax, 20-60's does removing cornice provide access to cockloft?

In most cases no.

15

Tax, 60's-present What major difference would be in in this type of construction?

Steel Bar Joists replaced wood.

16

T/F Newest tax have floor&roof made of poured concrete on top of metal decking?

True
PS roofs also concrete slabs or fibrous material
ALL have poured pitch&gravel covering

17

Mezzanines are found in some taxpayers and the ceiling height would be considered?

Below average
access wooden stairs or ladder seldom another means of access

18

Taxpayers, sprinkler protection for
1938 exceeding ________ ft
1968 exceeding ________ ft

10,000
7,500

19

Tax. Sprinklers 2008 Group M- mercantile FULL building exceeding _____ sq ft or combined all fl and mezz exceeds _______ sq. ft

12,000
24,000

20

Tax. Sprinklers 2008 Group M- Mercantile Occupancy WITHIN a building exceeding _______ sq. ft

7500 sq ft. PS same as 1968 code
Also any area of any size 3 stories above grade
Also in HIRI building
Also UNenclosed stair/elevator connecting 2 or more fl.

21

Tax. Cocklofts Size?

4 inches to 6 feet
46 truck has a lot of taxpayers.

22

Tax. Most common roofs& floors?

Tongue&Groove boards
or
Plywood

23

What is sometimes found under the tarpaper
of older taxpayers?

Tin

24

Tax. roof joist are @ approx ______ ft intervals.

20'
ps in older truss it is spaced 10-20 ft

25

Tax, Why do they invert, raise or reverse roof?

Drainage
ps sometimes an INVERTED roof creates an additional cockloft

26

Trusses 2 major members?

Top chord
Bottom chord
PS webs in between

27

Tax. What are the most prevalent in modern construction in relation to LW Parallel Chord Truss

Open Web Joist
Steel Bar Joist

28

Tax. Wooden bowstring truss must be put in CIDS. What is abbreviation?

BWSTRG
PS hump like roof. Longer Span= Higher Bow

29

Tax. Testing has concluded that decreased strength in wooden bow string truss may only support ____% of the load originally calculated.

40%
pS this is geared towards the BOTTOM chord

30

Tax. Snow loads would be consider _______ load.
F.F load on roof would be considered _____ load.

Eccentric
Live
PS FF jumping is an impact load

31

T/F Failure of 1 truss can cause failure of the entire truss?

True

32

Tax. In older truss roof buildings are spaced ______ ft?

10'-20' apart
PS beams installed between the truss to support roof covering
PS roof joist 20'

33

Tax. Do wood truss roofs get saggy or spongy?

NO, they fail without warning.
PS steel-stretches
wood-snaps

34

Do open web steel joist have a fire resistance rating?

no
PS rating depends on ceiling finish& finish roofing

35

Steel open web joists span _____ ft?

up to 60 ft
PS planks are staggered and may not end on roof supports.

36

Steel open web joists may collapse in ______ minutes if unprotected.

5-10 min

37

T/F "I" beams protruding above roofs also roofs built in step fashion are good signs of fire walls?

False, the side walls are made of wood sheathing and are detected by striking them with a tool.

38

Tax. Stability of masonry walls are very dependent on ___________.

integrity of the roof
(acts as a monolithic brace)
Also the load being concentrated in a VERTICAL
direction in the wall.

39

Tax
concrets walls ______
brick walls _______

hinge
crumble/breaks

40

T/F Front parapet walls are often supported laterally for long distances only receiving support at ends where they tie into crosswalls.

false
UNsupported

41

Tax. When observing walls, place a member where to observe if walls are out of plumb?

corner

42

Tax.T/F Interior partition walls are not fire stopped at the floor & ceiling by wood sills & plates?

False
usually are fire stopped

43

Tax. Canopies/ Marquees 12'x24' marquee 4' deep app. _________ tons of water.

35
ps attached to inside of building to combustible material Required drainage usually ineffective.

44

Tax. I BEAMS
50' beam @ 970f= ____ stretch
100' beam @ 1000f= _____ stretch

4"
9 1/2"

45

Tax. When I beams are heated to 1000- 1500f strength drops dramatically these temps can be reached in _________ minutes

5-10 min.
PS for smaller beam sections 30 min to beyond strength limitations.

46

Tax. Will cooling a beam regain its strength?

yes, under normal situations do not hesitate to cool these members. it will contract to original length.

47

Tax. Cast iron columns fail on an average of ____
minutes.n

about 30 min

48

Tax. Failure of a column is generally ____ serious than a girder or beam.

more

49

Tax. T/F Failure of a column in the cellar can cause the subsequent collapse of the floors and the roof.

True

50

Tax. Suspended ceilings u may find as many as ______ dropped ceilings in a particular store.

2 or 3

51

Tax. Does heavy wire lath & plaster or tin fall as a unit or multiple pieces?

It falls in 1 piece
PS sheetrock hinges in 1 piece

52

Tax, Due to its weight and ability to conceal fire/smoke,What would be the type of floor we are talking about?

terrazzo/concrete sometimes placed over wooden joists

53

Tax. How would u access the basement other than exterior and interior entrances?

paneling under display windows offers vent /steam operation.
PS especially in older types

54

Tax T/F In newer construction concrete floors at ground level and basements are prevalent?

False
with no basement or cellars

55

Tax. Cellar ceilings are required to be fire _______.

retarded but plaster ceilings make it deficient.
PS Partitions between walls in cellars are flimsy so there is no fire stopping.

56

Tax. Security doors in the _____ position give added weight.

OPEN
PS FLUSH type siamese could be cover by these gates.

57

Tax. Doors in RESIDENTIAL installation could weigh
_______.

150 -400 pounds
Commercial will be larger

58

Tax T/F Forcing overhead doors that have lost spring tension makes it easier/

False may be futile

59

Tax. Smaller store have usually how many exits points?
What about larger?

usually 1
2 means, costumers only aware of 1

60

Tax Newer type roofs are constructed of what material?

Bar Joists
Light Weight Steel
Flat Wood Trusses

61

Tax. Who has the greater life hazard during all hours 1 story or 2 story

2 story (Clubs, Dance Halls,etc)

62

Tax. When talking about collapse what must u consider? 3 factors

Type of Construction
Intensity of Fire
Duration of exposed STRUCTURAL members

63

Tax. Which type of load has the greatest impact?
Impact, Static or Stationary

Impact

64

Read 4.2 Causes/ Warning signs of Collapse

4.2

65

Tax. What would be a major warning sign for collapse? Do not confuse this with causes.

Heavy fire burning out of control for 20 min or more. same goes for an inability to make headway within that time.

66

Tax. 1 cubic foot of brick work weighs about _____?

100 pounds

67

Tax. Would this be considered a cause or a warning sign, spongy/soft feeling on roof?

Warning Sign
(NEW 2009)

68

Tax. It is recommended to attack a smoke shop with 3 things in mind?

2 1/2 line
Extreme Caution
Consider knock down from sidewalk

69

Backdrafts 3 basic factors?

Combustibles
oxygen
heat
( do not fall for fire)

70

T/F Backdrafts dense black smoke is due to lack of o2, small quantities of free carbon and CO.

False large quanties

71

What are the colors associated with backdraft?

dirty brown,yellow brown,gray yellow
and dense black smoke.

72

Tax. What area of the building is particular vulnerable to backdraft?

cellar/storage area
PS u only need 25% of its space to contain the explosive mixture.

73

Tax. What is the most effective way to protect FF from backdraft?

open roof or area directly over the fire.
PS if horizontal is done 1st backdraft is greatly increased.

74

Tax.T/F It may be preferable depending on conditions to vent the front windows and allow the gases to ignite prior to entry?

True (new)

75

Tax . An alternative to roof venting, (not as effective)
is the use of hoseline from where?

Flanking position or reach of stream.
operate line immediately once opened up

76

Tax. When a fire is at its ______ stage it can usually be extinguished with direct attack.

Incipient

77

Tax. All horizontal and initial vert vent is controlled by who?

Ladder Officer PS vent at roof and forcible entry ay street level must be coordinated.

78

Tax. T/F Any change that would affect outcome or structural stability must be reported to sector supervisor?

False
direct to IC

79

Tax. Inverted roof are pitched in what direction?

Front to rear
Front&rear to center
Front/rear/sides to center
PS Mostly high side is in front

80

Tax. Where do most fires originate?

Rear of the 1st floor. Utilities storage and services are located here. Fire will extend to cockloft and this is the lowest portion. (no good)

81

Tax. What are the 2 types of ventilation?

Natural & Mechanical (fans)

82

Tax. What size is roof cut?

8x8 recommended

83

Tax. T/F Trenching, take the returns?

False
leave the returns they can be used as a boundary.

84

Tax. Cutting a hole calls for __ saws and ____ FF's

2 saws
4 FF

85

Tax. Roof sector supervisor must be assigned when ___ saw operations

MORE THAN 1 Could be Chief or Officer
PS If CRITICAL CUT a chief should be assigned

86

Tax T/F If a roof fails it drops as 1 piece?

False
section by section

87

Tax. When using fog adjust to the width of opening and stand back _____ ft.

4' to 5'

88

Tax, Nothing affects the outcome of a operation as much as _________.

Ventilation.

89

Tax. Wooden joist beams are usually spaced _____ on center

16"
PS flooring and boards are at right angles

90

Tax. Rear extensions usually tie into a larger girder this at times made the rear portion of the added roof _______ the older portion.

Higher than
PS this created a larger void below

91

Tax. T/F The smaller 4x4 segment of the 8x8 can be pulled if necessary.

False
never pull until necessary leg cuts are
placed in cutting pattern.

92

Tax. At cellar fires cut the 1st floor where?

Near windows away from aisles and doorways

93

Tax T/F You might have to cut the roof for a cellar fire.

True
do not delay this cut

94

T/F Taxpayers with bwstrg truss roof under no circumstance shall a FF operate on the roof with a contents OR structural fire with metal,wood or combination.

True

95

Tax. Exterior ops should be primary tact in 3 situations

Large or advanced fires
Timber Truss or underside of roof on fire
vacants with bwstrg truss roof

96

Tax. How du u determine if fire is involved in the trusses?

TIC or
Triangular cut in the sloping hip section in the front and/or rear of roof this will provide safety to TL

97

Tax. T/F U can use an exterior stream from TL, this may be directed into these triangular cuts to extinguish fire.

True

98

Tax. When needed to operate on bwstrg truss roof that is NOT on fire the IC must take into account?

Past history of truss failure in these buildings

99

Newer tax, the most common type of light weight open web steel joist are _____?

Corrugated Steel spaced at 4' to 6' apart

100

Tax. Light weight open web steel joists. What are is the roofman allowed and not allowed to do?

Must not cut
remove skylights and scuttle covers

101

Gypsum concrete decking weighs 17.5 cu.ft

False
17.5 sq.ft

102

What is the vulnerabilty of gypsum concrete?

Moisture
White powdery substance
NO ROOF OPS

103

Tax. Who do u notify of gypsum concrete?

Roof Sector Supervisor AND IC
evacuate the roof
Interior ops conduct from areas of safety

104

Tax. Trenching hole is made how wide?

At least 3ft wide in any direction.

105

Tax. Can trenching take the place of vent holes?
PS not practical to trench are large area roof that is
seriously involved.

no but may serve as an additional vent source.

106

Tax. Who may start a trench where he sees it necessary?

Roof sector supervisor
Mandatory notification to IC

107

Tax. Two handlines on advanced fire in store?
Extension in cockloft,adjoining or advanced fire in cellar? What alarms are these ???'s

extra engine and truck
2nd alarm
special call a TL if not on initial response & use
is anticipated

108

Tax. A properly placed TL can cover a
frontage of _______?

100ft

109

Sufficient amount of portables to a taxpayer is how many?

Cover all sides and minimum 2 in the front.
Front ladders use as indication of boundaries of building or location of firewalls within building.

110

Tax T/F Consider the use of foam at cellar fires?

False
HI-EX

111

Taxpayers _________ must be given 1st priority.

Life Hazard

112

What must be in position prior to vent and forcing entry to a taxpayer?

sufficient forces
required hoselines
LCS'S

113

Tax. T/F You can reduce to 1 3/4 after the initial attack?

True as long as compatible to conditions. PS u can use 1 3/4 in exposures if compatible.

114

Tax. What do after the establishment of the initial line?

Supply Sprinkler

115

Tax. If difficulty in making entry what is the next step?

small hole in security door a small triangle shape below the center of the door or removal of window

116

Tax. When can a line be operated in to a trench?

entry delayed/ ceilings impossible to pull.
all FF's inside must be withdrawn.
lines shut down once interior ops are ready to resume.

117

Tax, There are 1 or more of the following 5 ways for an entrance to cellar?

INTERIOR TRAP DOOR
interior cellar stair
exterior flush sidewalk door
exterior stairway
horizontal entrance from adjoining cellar.

118

Tax. T/F When there is interior stair to cellar, especially open stair, and conditions permit 1st line must be stretched to to this point.

True
PS 2nd line must come to this point
if 1st line goes down.

119

Tax. Can u use fog at cellar fires?

Yes, with discretion inadequate vent is a problem.

120

Tax. If u can not get line down stairs what is the next option?

Front or rear exterior entrances but not opposite each other

121

Tax. If ______ lines advancing in unison do not control the fire heavy outside streams will be required>

2

122

Tax. What is the last resort for a cellar fire?

Flooding 1st floor with stang or TL

123

Tax. Who ensures sprinkler is supplied?

3rd due engine
ACRO- TAX-PAY-ER 3

124

Tax. Can 1st line supply sprinkler?

yes if manpower and conditions permit

125

Tax. T/F 2nd engine assist 1st eng,stretch 2nd line if possible after supplying sprinkler. Supply sprinkler if manpower & condition permit?

True

126

Tax. T/F For a store fire bring the first 2 lines in through the front door?

False
Through the windows leave the doorway for fleeing occupants.
PS additional lines to adjoining or roof

127

Tax. Cockloft fires, put this in the proper order?
pull ceilings
vent roof
stretch lines into occupancies

vent roof
pull ceilings
stretch lines into occupancies

128

Tax. What kind of lines do u use from the roof?

Cellar pipe
Distributors
NY Bent Tip
PS protective lines should be in place

129

Tax. Can u operate lines into the roof?

Generally not good practice.
Interior ops have to cease & FF to safe area
Remember older type build remove signs

130

Tax. What are the 3 major problems with cockloft fires?

Serious exposure to adjoining especially
LEEWARD SIDE.
Collapse
Ducts spreading smoke,fire,gases

131

Tax.T/F Store fire 2nd engine can stretch a second line as a back up for the 1st line or into exposure.

True
PS may have to skip stores

132

Tax. Cockloft fire& exposure protection CRITICAL 1st engine does what?

1:deckpipe ILP will allow positioning for ladder
2:stretch handline to most seriously exposed build
PS exposure not critical 1st line to store

133

Tax. 2nd engine, Fire has control of the cockloft& exposure protection is critical. What do u do?

Assist 1st engine with 1st line
if staffing permits stretch a line to most severe exposure& operate into cockloft to confine/extinguish

134

Tax T/F in relation to cockloft fires there is no mention of 1st&2nd attempting to supply sprinkler

True
PS 3rd ensures sprinkler

135

Tax. Primary duty for ladder companies is____?

Life Safety

136

Tax T/F Many 2nd fl occupancies do not have a second means of egress.

True

137

T/F Taxpayer windows may be barred with steel or wood.

True

138

Tax T/F 1st ladder locates & ID's the fire?

True unless attending a life hazard then 2nd due would do 1st dues job.

139

Tax. TL may have to be positioned______ above street level.

1 to 2'

140

Tax. If high heat on the 1st fl and no visible flame AND smoke in many stores,What must u assume?

Cellar fire
PS adjoining cellars must always be checked

141

Tax. No cutting of floors until ________.

protective hoseline in place.
cut near windows or under skylights

142

Tax. T/F Smoke ejectors can be placed over holes cut in floors or hung in openings close to the entrance through which the line is advancing.

False
openings remote to entrance.

143

Tax. Cellar fire, Forcible entry team 1st due shut utilities and are required to do what else?

Vent rear from INTERIOR when possible.
take show windows in front of cellar with IC app.
Vent as necessary after communicating with 1st ladder officer.
Force cellar and store entrances.

144

Tax. 2nd due forcible entry team goes where for cellar fires?

Adjacent stores & cellar entrances for extension

145

Tax. 1st due roof for a cellar fire, does he bring saw to the roof?

No
Portable to roof, vent scuttles etc
monitor conditions

146

Tax. 2nd due roof for a cellar, does he bring saw to the roof?

Yes
If not required on the roof perform as directed.

147

Tax. 1st due OV for cellar fire, where does he pay particular attention too?
Who does he notify if entry is made?

1st floor rear
Officer
PS check rear/sides vent cellar/store from rear also team up with 1st OV or other

148

Tax. 1st due LCC for cellar fire if u are in a TL. Where du u place apparatus?

Front of fire building
1 TL per street front

149

Tax. 1st and 2nd due LCC's for a cellar fire if u are in an aerial.
Where do place APP and where do u go?

Place APP away
Join inside team if not directed otherwise

150

Tax. Most store fires start in the store at street level,
what part of the store are we talking about?

Storage/Utility Area
(usually in the rear of 1st fl.)

151

Tax. What type of partition walls usually separate stores in the same building?

LIGHT

152

Tax. Store/Cockloft fires is it good practice to probe the ceiling with a hook?

yes

153

Tax. If u are to vent store windows what must be done?

Must have CHARGED line in
place authorized by IC

154

Tax. When dealing with ducts would u consider the the insulation flammable or non-flammable?

non-flammable with paper covering that may cause extension.
PS SHUT DOWN FAN MOTORS

155

Tax. Most fires extend through to the cockloft from the store OR cellar through______?

ceilings
vertical arteries
ducts

156

Tax. Cockloft fire make _____ ______ to see if fire has reached other portions of the roof.

Examination Holes
PS also helps to mitigate backdraft

157

Tax trenching depends on 3 things?

size of roof
volume of fire
ceilings (height/type)

158

Tax. 2nd due forcible entry team shuts utilities?

no
1st due forcible entry team shuts utilities

159

Tax 1st due forcible entry does what at store/cockloft fires?

force entry
locate fire
control life hazard
search store
SHUT UTILITIES

160

Tax. Where does 2nd due forcible entry team go for store/cockloft fires?

adjacent stores
VES as necessary

161

Tax.1st Roof FF store/cockloft fires 1st due does what and brings what tools?

portable to roof.
vent scuttles/skylights
Saw and Hook

162

Tax. 2nd due roof FF for store/cockloft brings what tools?

Saw with axe or iron

163

Tax. 1st due OV for store/cockloft does what and brings what tools?

check rear and sides for access.
VES if possible
MAUL&HALLIGAN

164

T/F Tax 2nd due OV for store/cockloft goes to the roof?

He can team up with 1st OV or go to go to roof

165

Tax.1st due LCC of aerial usually places app away from building. When would be a time LCC extends it to the roof?

Fire extends to cockloft.
PS 2nd LCC places away& joins inside team.

166

Tax. Tools for forcible entry team.
Can ?
Irons?

Can-Can/Hook
Irons- Axe/halligan
Maul&Duckbill may be needed
Saw With Aluminum Oxide blade (apex to top)

167

Tax. Tools for the OV?

Maul& Halligan
hook&axe inadequate

168

Tax. Tools for the roofman?

Saw with HOOK
Subsequent members axe OR halligan with saw if available

169

Tax. What size hooks must be anticipated?

10
12
15

170

Tax. Who reports in with the 10 and 12 ft hooks?

Trucks other than 1st and 2nd due in addition to there regular tools.

171

Tax Dance hall on the 2nd floor would usually have what type of stairway?

LARGE Open Stairway

172

Tax. T/F Limited penetration of LCS if 2nd fl. is divided into multi-occupancy use?

true

173

Interior ops at a taxpayer when would u consider illumination?

both Day and Night

174

Taxpayer what is the single most important factor?

Construction Features

175

Tax. 1938 code. Has a max Sq footage for street fronts.
1 street front _______
2 street front _______
3 street front _______

1= 10,000 sq ft
2= 14,500 sq ft
3= 17,500 sq ft
PS IF Sprinklered DOUBLE those numbers

176

Tax. 1938 code. Concealed roof spaces to be cut into areas of _________ sq ft or less by fire stops

3000 sq ft
PS. Wood purlins & Cross braces used for suspended ceilings 2000 sq ft or less.

177

Tax. 1938 code. Cellar ceilings are to be ______?

Fire retarded

178

Tax. 1938 code. 2 adjoining stores may be covered by 3 things?

unenclosed stairway
open well
escalator

179

Tax. 1938 code. Openings on a lot line to have at least ________ minutes of protective assemblies.

45 min

180

Tax. 1968 code. What is the max sq ft if unsprinklered ?

7500 sq ft.
PS No limit if sprinklered must have siamese

181

Tax 1968 code. Construction class.
IIB = non combust ext. walls with _____ wood joist.
IIC= non combust ext. walls with ______ wood joist.

protected
UNprotected

182

Tax. 1968 code. What size sprinkler system requires a siamese?

EXCEEDING 7500 sq ft

183

Tax. 1968 code. Unsprinklered concealed roof spaces to be cut into areas of _____ sq ft or less by fire stops.

3000 sq ft or less

184

Tax. 1968 code. T/F Fire escapes are prohibited in new buildings.

True
only allowed in altered buildings
with special permission.

185

Tax. 1968. Parapets are required on exterior walls in buildings over ______ ft & if roof is of combustible material parapet @ least _____ ft.

OVER 22ft
at least 2ft

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