Medical Issues Ch. 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Issues Ch. 3 Deck (16):
1

sphygmomanometer

blood pressure cuff

2

positioning of the arm

brachial artery at the same level as the heart

3

BP procedure

inflate cuff to 200 mmHg
gradually deflate
listen for two consecutive beats
continue deflating until sounds disappear

4

systolic and diastolic

systolic: contraction of ventricles
diastolic: relaxation of ventricles

5

HR classifications

4+: bounding pulse
3+: increased
2+: normal
1+: weak
0: absent pulse

6

temperature methods

oral
tymphanic
core: 0.5 degrees higher

7

other physical exam components

auscultation: stethoscope
eye and ear exam
vision screen
palpation
percussion
neurological examination

8

who mandates PPEs

NCAA
American College of Sports Medicine
American Academy of Family Physicians
American Academy of Pediatrics

9

office visit and station based pros and cons

office visit
-more personal
-more expensive
station
-efficient

10

x-ray (radiography)
-what is it?
-common uses
-risks/side effects

x-ray
-2 dimensional
--AP view, lateral
common uses
-fracture, dislocation, bony abnormalities, cancer
risks
-radiation exposure
Ottowa Ankle Rules

11

radionuclide bone scan
-common uses
-risks/side effects

common
-bony abnormalities
--particularly stress fractures
-more specific than an x-ray
risks
-radiation
-allergic to dye

12

fluoroscopy
-common uses
-risks/side effects

mini x-ray machine that produces a live image
not as detailed as an x-ray
common uses
-easily see fractures
-assist with injections

13

Computed Tomography (CT) scan

produce images in slices
more detailed than x-ray
common uses
-internal organs
-stress fracture
risks/side effects
-10-100 times the radiation of a standard x-ray
-can be done faster than a MRI

14

Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)

common uses
-cancer
-thyroid conditions
-infections
risks/side effects
-lower dose of radiation

15

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

use of magnets for high level imaging
takes images in slices
common uses
-ligament and tendon injuries
-spinal cord injuries
risks/side effects
-claustrophobia

16

diagnostic ultrasound

common uses
-soft tissue changes
--muscle and tendon damage
--heart abnormalities
risks/side effects
-no known risks