Medical Issues Final Flashcards Preview

Medical Issues in Athletic Training > Medical Issues Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Issues Final Deck (137)
Loading flashcards...
1

holistic patient care

care for the whole patient, not just their problem

2

clinical presentation vs. diagnosis

presentation
-overall "picture" of signs, symptoms, medical history, and clinical exam
diagnosis
-determination of the problem using the clinical presentation

3

pathology vs. pathogenesis vs. etiology

pathology
-science concerned with disease including structural and functional changes
pathogenesis
-the underlying cause of a disease
etiology
-study of pathogenesis

4

clinical decision making

similar to diagnostic reasoning
determines the best course of action
not a final diagnosis

5

three stages of prevention

primary
-analyzing risk factors
secondary
-early detection
teriatry
-disease management

6

six components of a medical history

patient's age and gender
patient's chief complaint
past medical history
current health status
family history
review of systems

7

diagnostic imaging and testing

x-ray
radionuclide bone scan
fluoroscopy
-live-image x-ray
computed tomography
position emession tomography
magnetic resonancy imaging
diagnostic ultrasound

8

pharmacology

LECTURE

9

plaque psoriasis
-common location
-treatment

inflammatory condition where the skin cells overproduce
-common
-elbows
-knees
-knuckles
common S/S
-silvery scales
treatment
-topical and oral

10

bacterial skin infections types

impetigo
staph infections

11

impetigo
-treatment
-RTP

causes blisters
leads to a honey colored crust
treatment
-antibiotic
RTP
-no new skin lesions for at least 48 hours
-completion of a 72-hour course of directed antibiotic therapy
-no further drainage or exudate from the wound
-active infections cannot be covered for competition

12

MRSA
-S/S

methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
S/S
-abscess with red streaks - emergency room
-size
-redness extends out from the injury

13

CA-MRSA

community acquired
-contagious
-common among sports teams

14

RTP for MRSA

no new lesions for at least 72 hours
completion of a 72-hour course of directed antibiotic therapy
no further drainage or exudate from wound
active infections may not be covered for competition

15

tinea (fungal infections)
-RTP

tinea pedis (athlete's foot)
tinea cruris (jock itch)
tinea corporis (ringworm)
timea capitis (on head)
tinea versicolor (change in skin color)
RTP
-72 hours
-cover lesions

16

Tinea Capitis RTP

two weeks of anti fungal biotics

17

Tinea Corporis

circular plaque with clear center
can be covered if in small enough area

18

Tinea Pedis
-treatment

most common fungal and skin infection
treatment
-common sense prevention
--dry feet after shower
--change out of socks after exercise

19

Tinea Cruris

scaly plaques

20

viral infections

herpes simplex

21

herpes simplex
-S/S

very contagious
S/S
-blisters
-fatigue and fever
treatment
-antiviral

22

herpes simplex RTP

athlete must be free of systemic symptoms
no new blisters for 72 hours
all lesions must be surmounted by a firm adherent crust
have completed 5 days of antivirals

23

molluscum contagiosum

lesion with a hard center
main treatment is having them removed
-must be removed for competition

24

warts

caused by HPV
categorized by location and appearance
treatment
-removal

25

plantar warts

grow into skin instead of out

26

parasitic infections

scabies
pediculosis

27

scabies

itches
most common between fingers
mites that lay eggs and burrow beneath the skin
treated with prescription strength cream

28

pediculosis

lice
-head, body, and genital lice
cannot compete until treatment is complete

29

NATA position statement on prevention of skin disease

evidence-based recommendations
-clean environment
-hand hygiene
-overall hygiene
-no sharing
-whirlpools
-report all open wounds and lesions to an ATC

30

S/S of neurological pathology

syncope
coma
paresthesia
abnormal motor control, coordination, or tone
headache
changes in senses
changes in mental status