Medical Issues Ch. 16 Flashcards Preview

Medical Issues in Athletic Training > Medical Issues Ch. 16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Issues Ch. 16 Deck (29):
1

first steps in dealing with a dermatological reaction

protect yourself
analyze
refer

2

dermatitis

treatment
-hydrocortisone
-antihistamines

3

urticaria
-causes

hives
causes
-cold/heat

4

cholinergic urticaria

hives because of heat

5

plaque psoriasis
-common location
-treatment

inflammatory condition where the skin cells overproduce
-common
-elbows
-knees
-knuckles
common S/S
-silvery scales
treatment
-topical and oral

6

bacterial skin infections types

impetigo
staph infections

7

impetigo
-treatment
-RTP

causes blisters
leads to a honey colored crust
treatment
-antibiotic
RTP
-no new skin lesions for at least 48 hours
-completion of a 72-hour course of directed antibiotic therapy
-no further drainage or exudate from the wound
-active infections cannot be covered for competition

8

folliculitis
-common areas

inflammation of the follicles
found in areas of high friction and perspiration

9

MRSA
-S/S

methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
S/S
-abscess with red streaks - emergency room
-size
-redness extends out from the injury

10

CA-MRSA

community acquired
-contagious
-common among sports teams

11

RTP for MRSA

no new lesions for at least 72 hours
completion of a 72-hour course of directed antibiotic therapy
no further drainage or exudate from wound
active infections may not be covered for competition

12

tinea (fungal infections)
-RTP

tinea pedis (athlete's foot)
tinea cruris (jock itch)
tinea corporis (ringworm)
timea capitis (on head)
tinea versicolor (change in skin color)
RTP
-72 hours
-cover lesions

13

Tinea Capitis RTP

two weeks of anti fungal biotics

14

Tinea Corporis

circular plaque with clear center
can be covered if in small enough area

15

Tinea Pedis
-treatment

most common fungal and skin infection
treatment
-common sense prevention
--dry feet after shower
--change out of socks after exercise

16

Tinea Cruris

scaly plaques

17

viral infections

herpes simplex

18

herpes simplex
-S/S

very contagious
S/S
-blisters
-fatigue and fever
treatment
-antiviral

19

herpes simplex RTP

athlete must be free of systemic symptoms
no new blisters for 72 hours
all lesions must be surmounted by a firm adherent crust
have completed 5 days of antivirals

20

molluscum contagiosum

lesion with a hard center
main treatment is having them removed
-must be removed for competition

21

warts

caused by HPV
categorized by location and appearance
treatment
-removal

22

plantar warts

grow into skin instead of out

23

parasitic infections

scabies
pediculosis

24

scabies

itches
most common between fingers
mites that lay eggs and burrow beneath the skin
treated with prescription strength cream

25

pediculosis

lice
-head, body, and genital lice
cannot compete until treatment is complete

26

skin cancer

non melanoma skin cancer
-basal cell carcinoma (80% of non)
-squamous cell carcinoma
melanoma

27

basal cell carcinoma

result of being out in the sun
fair skinned are at a lot higher risk

28

ABCDE's of melanoma detection

asymmetry
border (ragged and irregular)
color (changes throughout)
diameter (diameter is larger than a pencil's eraser

29

NATA position statement on prevention of skin disease

evidence-based recommendations
-clean environment
-hand hygiene
-overall hygiene
-no sharing
-whirlpools
-report all open wounds and lesions to an ATC