Medical Issues Vocab #2 Flashcards Preview

Medical Issues in Athletic Training > Medical Issues Vocab #2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Issues Vocab #2 Deck (72)
Loading flashcards...
1

pharmacodynamics

the actions of a drug on the body

2

pharmacodynamics components

mechanisms of action
drug interactions
side effects
adverse reactions
allergic reactions

3

pharmacotherapeutics

the study of the therapeutic uses and effects of drugs

4

pharmacokinetics

how the body acts on a drug

5

pharmacokinetics components

absorption
distribution
metabolism
elimination

6

absorption

process of getting the drug into the body through a variety of routes

7

absorption routes

oral
rectal
vaginal
intravenous
intramuscular
inhalation
topical

8

distribution

the process of delivering the drug throughout the tissues and fluids of the body

9

factors that effect distribution

whether the drug is fat or water soluble
the drug's ability to cross the blood-brain barrier

10

hydrophilicity

water solubility

11

lipophilicity

fat solubility

12

metabolism

process by which a drug is changed into one or more chemical entities that differ from the parent drug

13

metabolism primary location

liver

14

elimination

process of getting a drug out of the body
includes the elimination of the drug and its metabolites

15

elimination methods

renal excretion
fecal excretion

16

half-life

the length of time that it takes for blood levels or tissue levels of a drug to decrease by one half;

17

half-life is ___ ___ to the volume of distribution and ____ ____ to the clearance

directly proportional
inversely proportional

18

enteral administration

orally admitted

19

parenteral ddministration

not orally admitted

20

iontophoresis

the administration of a drug into the body via electricity

21

phonophoresis

the administration of a drug into the body via ultrasound

22

agonist drugs

drugs that attach to cellular receptors in the body, causing stimulation of the receptor

23

antagonist drugs

drugs that attach to cellular receptors in the body, causing inhibition of the receptor

24

corticosteroids

a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that is used to treat inflammatory and allergic diseases

25

corticosteroids divisions

glucocorticosteroids (carb. metabolism)
mineralocorticosteroids (regulate electrolyte imbalance)

26

prothrombin time

test used to time clot formation

27

prothrombin time uses

can detect defects in the ability of the blood to coagulate, which are usually caused by a deficiency of factor V, VII, or X

28

narcotic analgesics

pain-relieving agents that stimulate the opiate receptors

29

local anesthetics

drugs that reversibly block nerve conduction near the site of administration

30

antibiotic

drug used to treat bacterial infections