Medical Issues Vocab #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Issues Vocab #1 Deck (69):
1

adventitious

coming from an external source
occurring spontaneously

2

afebrile

without a fever

3

biopsy

removal and examination of tissue

4

comorbid

two or more possibly unrelated medical conditions existing at the same time

5

constitutional

relating to the body as a whole

6

erythema

redness of the skin brought about by capillary dilation

7

febrile

having a fever

8

malaise

a general feeling of discomfort or uneasiness
often the first symptom of an ilness or infection
fatigue and weakness

9

morbidity

consequences of a given illness

10

mortality

death from a particular illness or disease

11

pallative

reducing the severity of an illness or treatment of disease without curing it

12

prodromal

preillness symptoms

13

purulent

pus filled

14

sequelae

a condition occurring as a consequence of a given illness or disease

15

suppurative

pus forming

16

pathology

medical science concerned with disease including structural and functional changes

17

pathogenesis

the underlying cause of a disease

18

etiology

the study of pathogenesis

19

sign

something that the clinician can see or feel in the patient

20

symptom

something the patient feels, but the clinician can't

21

diagnosis

the determination of the problem using all available information

22

prognosis

a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease

23

pallow

unusual or extreme paleness

24

snycope

brief loss of consciousness, typically due to a lack of oxygen flow to the brain

25

height
-best way to measure

stadiometer or tape measure fastened to the wall
shoes off with the weight on the heels

26

weight
-best way to measure

measure confidentially
no shoes or excess clothing

27

heart rate norm

60-72

28

BP norm

120/80

29

respiration norm

12 to 20 bpm

30

temperature norms
-oral
-rectal
-tympanic

oral: 96.4-99.1
rectal: higher by .4 to .5 C
tympanic: higher by .8 C

31

percussion

the process of assessing sounds transmitted through the organs and cavities of the body
sound is generated by tapping

32

palpation

the use of the hands and fingers to gain information about a patient's condition through the sense of touch

33

auscultation

a technique used to listen to the sounds of the internal organs such as the lungs and heart
typically done using a stethoscope

34

OSHA
-purpose

Occupation Safety and Health Administration
purpose
-set standards to protect health care professionals and their patients

35

Standard of Care

the expected level of care that one is obligated to give based on their training and certification

36

duty to act

the obligation of the health care provider to provide appropriate care to a patient

37

negligence

conduct falling below an established and expected standard of care validated by law for the protection of others that causes harm as a result

38

HIPAA
-purpose

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
purpose
-protects patient privacy
-oversees medical records
-allows patients more control over how and to whom their personal health information is disclosed

39

FERPA
-purpose

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
purpose
-protects the privacy of student education records
-applies to any school receiving funds from the U.S. Department of Education.

40

ICD
-purpose

International Classification of Diseases
purpose
-medical classification system that links diagnosis-related groups for the purpose of cataloging and medical recordkeeping

41

CPT
-purpose

Current Procedural Terminology
-provides a set of billing codes, descriptions and guidelines associated with procedures and services used by health care professionals

42

PPE
-purpose

exam done of athlete before allowed to participate in a specific sport
purpose
-identifies any potential or correctable conditions that may impair the athlete's ability to fully perform

43

DC

doctor of chiropractic

44

DPM

doctor of podiatry

45

RD

registered dietitian

46

LPN

licensed practical nurse

47

PhD

psychologist

48

diagnostic imaging
-purpose

special images produced by radiologists and radiology technicians to determine specific medical conditions
purpose
-provide an internal view of anatomical structures

49

diagnostic testing

medical tests that are performed primarily in a laboratory setting and include blood, urine and cardiovascular tests

50

X-ray

form of electromagnetic radiation that allows viewing of internal structures when passed through a patient

51

AP view

x-ray image taken from the anterior to posterior side of the patient

52

radionuclide bone scan

nuclear imaging test involving the injection of a short-lived radionuclide to assess abnormalities of the bones

53

fluoroscopy
-primary use

types of radiography that can be performed when the clinician wants to see a "live" image to determine the size shape and movement of tissue
primary use
-quick and noninvasive means of determining whether a fracture has occurred

54

Computed Tomography (CT)

combines specialized high-resolution radiography with computers to give better visualization of internal structures in cross-sections or three dimensions

55

positron emission tomography (PET) scan
-capabilities
-purposes

examines the cell matebolism and biochemistry of tissue and organs
capabilities
-able to identify abnormal metabolic activity before it becomes apparent on a CT scan or by magnetic resonance imaging
purposes
-used to identify certain types of cancer, thyroid conditions, infections and bleeding and to evaluate kidney function

56

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
-purpose

applies a magnetic field to the body to align the body's atoms to form radio waves when released
purpose
-provides detailed information about organs, soft tissue, bones, tumors, bleeding and infection

57

diagnostic ultrasound (sonography)

consists of high-frequency sound waves that penetrate the body to produce images of internal structures in "real" time

58

echocardiogram (ECHO)
-performed with what

a diagnostic ultrasound that examines the heart
conjoined with an EKG

59

electromyography (EMG) purpose

measures the electrical activity in a muscle
-used to determine the cause of muscle weakness and abnormal nerve conduction

60

nerve conduction study
-purpose
-performed with what?

purpose
-measures the electrical signals of a muscle's nerve
used with
-EMG

61

electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) purpose

determines whether the electrical activity of the heart is normal

62

holter monitor
-works the same as
-traces...

worn by a patient to monitor the heart's electrical activity
works in the same manner as an EKG
traces the electircal activity of the heart

63

cardiac stress test
-uses

looks at the heart's rhythm during exercise in a controlled environment
grade or intensity of the exercise increases at 3-minute intervals
uses
-identify
--coronary artery disease
---ischemia
--angina
-monitor the functional capacity of patients with heart disease

64

laparoscopy
-purpose

invasive procedure in which a small incision is made in the abdomen and a scope is inserted into the incision to view the inside of the abdomen
purpose
-allows the surgeon to see the internal structures of the abdomen and to determine any abnormalities

65

colonoscopy
-purpose

invasive procedure done to examine the colon and rectum for abnormalities
purpose
-used to examine the patient for any early indication of colon cancer or polps

66

urinalysis
-can indicate...

urine test to determine pH, protein, glucose, ketone, bilirubin, hemoglobin, nitrite, leukocytes, urobilinogen, and specific gravity levels
can indicate
-urinary tract infection
-diabetes
-starvation
-liver problems
-intravascular hemolysis
-bleeding into the renal system
-renal/glomerular damage

67

complete blood count (CBC)
-purpose

presents a microscopic review of a blood sample
purpose
-basic screening test to indicate the overall health of a person and to provide information regarding the ration of cells per volume of blood

68

pulse oximeter
-purpose
-values

measures the amount of oxygen saturation in a person's blood
purpose
-determines if a patient may benefit from supplemental oxygen
values
-95-100%: good
-85-95: hypoxia
-below 85: critical

69

sites of all palpable pulse sites

temporal artery
carotid artery
brachial artery
radial artery
ulnar artery
femoral artery
popliteal artery
posterior tibial artery
dorsalis pedis artery