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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (30):
1

__ of children treated by EMS need basic life support skills.

85%

2

Pediatrics head size increases risk of ____?

Blunt Head trauma

3

Less then ___ years of age, place thin layer of padding under back to obtain neutral position.

3

4

Adult vs pediatrics anatomy

-Tongue is larger in proportion to mouth
-Pharynx is smaller
- Epiglottis is larger and floppier
-Larynx is more anterior and superior
-Narrowest at cricoid
-Trachea narrow and less rigid

5

Metabolic Differences in Pedi

-Limited store of glycogen and glucose
-Newborns and neonate a lack ability to shiver

6

Most common cause of cardiac arrest in infants and young children is

Airway and respiratory problems

7

Acutely ill infant ominous sign

Slow respiratory rate

8

Signs of respiratory distress

-AMS
-flared nostrils
-Pale or bluish lips or mouth
-Stridor grunting
-Breathing rate greater than 60/min
-Muscle retraction
-decreased muscle tone
-Poor peripheral perfusion
-Use of abdominal muscles

9

Top causes of pediatric Deaths

-Motor Vehicle crashes
-Burns
-Drowinings
-Suicides
-Homicides

10

Pediatric assessment triangle

General Appearance
Work of breathing
Circulation to the skin

11

If appearances is off

CNS/metabolic
-hypoglycemia, meningitis, tumor/bleed

12

Respiratory is off

Respiratory etiology

13

Common fears of children include

- Fear of being separated from the parents or caregivers
- Fear of being removed from a family place , such as home, and never returning
- Fear of being hurt
-Fear of being mutilated or disfigured
- fear of the unknown

14

Newborn

First hours of life

15

Neonate

Birth to one month of age

16

Common illnesses in Neonates

-Jaundice
- vomiting
- respiratory distress

17

Infants should have doubled their weight by

Five to Six months of Age

18

Possible illnesses and accidents

-SIDS
- Vomiting
- Dehydration
- Meningitis
- Child abuse
- Household accidents

19

Infants 6 months to One year are at high risk for

Foreign body Airway Obstruction

20

Common illnesses and accidents from 6mo-1yr

- Febrile Seizures
- vomiting
- Diarrhea
- Dehydration
- Bronchiolitis
- Car crashes
- Croup
- Child Abuse
- Poisoning
- Falls
-Airway Obstructions
- Meningitits

21

____ are the leading cause of injury deaths in pediatrics ages 1 to 15.

Accidents of all types

22

Common illnesses and injuries of from ages 1yr-3yr

-Vomiting
-Diarrhea
- febrile seizures
- poisonings
- falls
- Child Abuse
- Croup
-Meningitis

23

Common accidents in toddlers are

motor Vehicle Crashes

24

Asthma

Spasmodic construction of the bronchi, often as a response to allergens or to a mucous plug in the arterial walls

25

Bacterial trachetitis

Bacterial infection of the airway, subglottic region in children, most likely to appear after episodes of croup

26

Bronchiolitis

Viral infection of the medium sized airways, occurring most frequently during the 1st year of life

27

Cardiogenic Shock

The inability of the heart to meet the metabolic needs of the body; resulting in inadequate tissue perfusion

28

Central IV

IV placed into the superior vena cava for the administration of long term fluid therapy

29

Distributive shock

Marked by decrease in peripheral vascular resistance with result in hypotension
Ex. Septic shock, neurogenic shock, and anaphylactic shock

30

Shunt

Surgical connection that runs from the brain to the abdomen for the purpose of draining excess CSF