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Module 2 > Urology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urology Deck (17):
1

Forming and eliminating urine basis
Maintaining blood volume with proper balance of water, electrolytes, pH
Retaining key compounds such as glucose while excreting waste such as urea
Regulate systemic arterial blood pressure

Kidneys

2

Juxtagolmerular cells respond to low BP by releasing enzyme called

Renin

3

Release of renin produces active hormone

Angiotensin I

4

As angiotension I flows through lungs, angiotension converting enzyme (ACE) produces

Angiotensin II

5

Angiotensin II acts both on kidney tubular calls and on adrenal cells , causing secretion of

Aldosterone

6

Non traumatic renal and urologic disorders results from

Inflammatory or immune - mediated disease
Infectious disease
Physical obstruction
Hemorrhage

7

Improvement with knees drawn up to chest points toward

Peritonitis

8

Improvement when walking

Kidney stone has moved

9

Vague discomfort followed by change to sharp pain in flank indicates

Urethral obstruction due to kidney stone

10

Components of abdominal exam

Inspection, auscultation, percussion, palpation

11

Pain induced by percussion of flanks, accompanied by fever, suggests

Pyelonephritis (kidney infection)

12

Pain on percussion above pelvic rim, accompanied by fever and increased urge to void, suggests

Cystitis (bladder infection)

13

Uncontrolled chronic hypertension common cause of

Nephron damage and chronic renal failure

14

Leading causes of kidney failure

Diabetes mellitus (both types)
Uncontrolled hypertension

15

Three types of Acute Renal Failure

-Prerenal
-renal
-post renal

16

Dysfunction before level of kidney; insufficient blood supply to kidneys, or hypoperfusion
Highest proportion of ARF : 40-80%
*often reversible through proper perfusion

Prerenal ARF

17

Urinary system has four major structures

Kidneys
Ureter
Urinary bladder
Urethra