Endocrinology Flashcards Preview

Module 2 > Endocrinology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (10):
1

Body tissues that have endocrine function

Kidneys
Heart
Placenta
Parts of digestive tract

2

Insulin enables body to store energy as

glycogen, protein, fat

3

Building process within a cell
*uses energy

Anabolism

4

Breakdown processes within cell
*Produces energy

Catabolism

5

Prolonged exposure of body organs to excess thyroid hormones, with resultant changes in structure and function
(Caused by Graves' disease)

Thyrotoxicosis

6

Long term exposure to inadequate levels of thyroid hormones

Myxedema

7

Excessive adrenocortical activity
-High levels of cortisol in blood
-affects women more than men
-Long term exposure to excess glucocorticoids

Cushing's syndrome

8

Deficient adrenocortical activity

Addison's disease

9

Adrenal glands fail to produce adequate amounts of steroid hormones (cortisol and aldosterone)
Due to cortical destruction; 90% due to autoimmune disease
Heredity plays a prominent role

Addison's disease

10

Acute stresses such as infection or trauma; potentially life-threatening emergency

Addisonian crisis