Psychiatric And Behavioral Disorders Flashcards Preview

Module 2 > Psychiatric And Behavioral Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychiatric And Behavioral Disorders Deck (34):
0

Persons observable conduct and activity

Behavior

1

Interfere with core life functions (eating. Sleeping, ability to maintain housing, interpersonal or sexual relations
Pose threat to life or well being of patient or others
Significantly deviate from society expectations or norm

Objective factor that may indicate behavioral or psychological condition

2

Common EMS intervention is required because

Patients failure to take psychiatric medications

3

Biological (organic)
Psychosocial
Sociocultural

Causes of behavioral emergencies

4

Physical rather than psychological
Infections and tumors; structural changes in brain such as those brought on by abuse of alcohol or drugs.
Many psychiatric conditions originate from alterations in brain chemistry

Biological

5

Personal conditions : personality style, dynamics of unresolved conflict, crisis management methods
These disorders not attributable to substance-abuse the medical conditions
Environment plays a large part in psychosocial development

Psychosocial

6

Situational causes related to patients actions and interactions within society
Factors such as Socio economic status social habits social skills values
Attributable to events that changed patient social space social isolation or impact on Socialization
Rape
Assault

Socio-cultural

7

Develops over months, irreversible
Disturbance in executive functioning impaired ability to plan organize or sequence
Significantly impaired social or occupational functioning significant decline from previous level of function

Dementia

8

Significant change in behavior and loss of contact with reality
Definitive cause unknown
Diagnosis is two or more symptoms present from significant portion of each month over course of six months

Schizophrenia

9

State of uneasiness , discomfort apprehension restlessness

Anxiety

10

Numbness or tingling sensations

Peresthesia

11

Significant distress or impairment in social occupational or other functions.

Depression

12

One or more manic episodes with or without subsequent or alternating periods of depression

Bipolar disorder

13

Desire to use substance inability to reduce or stop use repeated efforts to quit

Psychological dependence

14

Need for increased amounts of chemical to obtain desired effect presence of withdrawal symptoms

Physical dependence

15

Preoccupied with no apparent physiological cause

Somatoform disorder

16

Intentional production of physical or psychological signs or symptoms

Factitous disorder

17

Attempt to avoid stressful situations while still gratifying needs.
Permit person to deny personal responsibility for unacceptable behavior

Disassociative disorder

18

Excessive fasting intense fear of obesity complain of being fat even though bodyweight is low

Anorexia nervosa

19

Recurrent episodes of uncontrollable binge eating self-induced vomiting or diarrhea excessive exercise or dieting full awareness of behaviors abnormality.
Personality traits are perfectionism low self-esteem social withdrawal

Bulimia nervosa

20

Act odd or eccentric

Personality disorder cluster A

21

Dramatic emotional fearful

Personality disorder cluster B

22

Appear anxious or fearful

Personality disorder cluster C

23

Reoccurring failure to resist impulses to steal objects not for immediate use or monetary value

Kleptomania

24

Reoccurring impulse to pull one's own hair

Trichotillomania

25

Least restrictive method that ensures safety of patient and EMS personnel

Chosen method

26

Impaired ability to communicate

Aphasia

27

Impaired ability to carry out motor activities despite intact sensory function

Apraxia

28

Failure to recognize objects or stimuli despite intact sensory function

Agnosia

29

Affect

Visible indicators of mood

30

Anger

Hostility or rage to compensate for an underlying feeling of anxiety

31

Bereavement

Death of a loved one

32

Catatonia

Condition characterized by immobility and stupor
*Sign of Schizophrenia

33

Dissociative disorder

Condition in which the individual avoids stress by separating from his core personality