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Flashcards in Poison Control Deck (17):
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Northern copperhead
timber rattlesnake

Types of poisonous snakes in CT

1

No time of bite
remove jewelry other items that may constrict swelling
position body part in normal function
position place body part at or below level of heart
loosely support body part cleanse wound supportive care
Mark swollen area with marker consider advanced life-support
alert CT poison control

Prehospital care for a snake bite

2

Do not try to capture the snake
cut the wound
extract venom by mouth
use ice
use a tourniquet
raise limb

What not to do during pre hospital care for snake bite

3

Anti-venom
less allergic reactions than with previous antidotes
weighs risk versus benefit
serum sickness

CroFab

4

Produced by immunizing healthy sheep
binds and neutralizes venom toxins re distributing them away from target tissues and enhancing elimination
has been shown to reverse or prevent the progression of local tissue damage vascular tissue damage and neurological Toxicity.

CroFab

5

In wood piles
in rubble piles
under stones
in hollow stumps
in rodent burrows

Black widow spider webs

6

Out houses
sheds
garage
clustered areas basement
crawlspaces

Black widow

7

Produces one of the most toxic venoms by volume

Black widow

8

Cleanse with soap and water
cool compress
and supportive care

Prehospital care for a spider bite

9

Added to orderless natural gas used in the homes so as to limit the potential for unrecognized hazardous exposure

Mercaptans

10

Can be purchased on Internet
Used in photo stop bath solutions
Contain acid 50% concentration
-At this concentration can have dermal burns
-Inhalation of vapors can cause dyspnea, chest pain, and pulmonary edema
Vinegar - acetic acid 4-6%

Glacial acid

11

If ingested caustic >15% ammonia
House hold ammonia 5-10%
-Ammonia reacts with moisture in mucosal surfaces to produce ammonium hydroxide which may cause caustic injury. The severity of injury depends upon the concentration and duration of exposure.

Ammonia

12

Vicks rub (4.7%) Vicks vapo steam (6.2%)
Toxic at 30mg/kg
-1 tsp of Vicks Waco steam in a 10 kg child would be toxic
Neurotoxic risk is seizures which are rapid within 30 min of ingestion
Mothball smell

Camphor

13

Battle exposure (WW1) moldy Hay smell
Heavier than air
Symptoms not noticeable right away/no strong terrible odor
Symptoms - cough, chest discomfort, dyspnea, lacrimation
High levels produce lung injury in 2-6h; die of pulmonary edema
Accounted for 85% of WW1 deaths from chemical weapons

Phosgene

14

Toxic gas when sewage is standing for A period of time or become stagnant or septic.or you can make it yourself
Rotten egg odor

Hydrogen sulfide

15

Found in oil of wintergreen (100%)
Bengay (30%)
Hot and cool (30%)
Converts to salicylates (ASA)
1.4x as strong as salicylates
1tsp of Bengay would be toxic in a toddler
Wintergreen odor

Methyl salicylate

16

Garlic odor
Extremely toxic

Arsenic