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Flashcards in peds6 Deck (25):
1

state screening for metabolic disorders

all screen for PKU and congenital hypothyroidism; most screen for galactosemia; most for sickle cell anemia and hemoglobinopathies

2

phimosis

inability to retract the foreskin by age 6; this is indication for circumcision

3

paraphimosis

when the retracted foreskin cannot be returned to normal position; results in obstruction to lymphatic flow and edema; another indication for circumcision

4

range for tooth eruption

3 to 16 months

5

first tooth

lower, central incisor

6

primary teeth (20 in total) are established by when

2 years of age

7

when does secondary tooth eruption begin

between 6 and 8 years

8

how many permanent teeth are there

32

9

what can cause early teeth eruption? Late?

hyperthyroidism, hypo

10

other causes of delayed tooth eruption?

familial, down syndrome, ectodermal dysplasia

11

ectodermal dysplasia

delayed tooth coming in; conical shaped teeth, dysmorphic facial features; decreased sweat glands and alopecia

12

other causes of early teeth eruption

precocious puberty, familial causes, growth hormone excess

13

fluorocosis

due to excess fluoride; can lead to abnormalities in dental enamel and dentin; just cosmetic- white streaks and pitting or brown-gray staining

14

when is the most critical time for vulnerability to excess fluoride

2-4 years of age

15

natal teeth

present at birth

16

neonatal teeth

present in the first month of life

17

teeth that most commonly present early

central mandibular (lower) incisors; 90% are primary teeth and 10% are supernumerary teeth

18

most common bacteria causing nursing or bottle caries

streptococcus mutans

19

carries occur in which teeth

the upper ones because the lower ones are covered by the tongue

20

management of a permanent tooth that falls out

gently rinse with saline, put it back in the socket, and refer to the dentist; a dry tooth has a poor prognosis

21

hypospadias

contraindication to circumcision; abnormally placed urethra

22

rear facing car seat until when?

12 months of age and 20 lbs

23

toilet trainign

between 1 and 2 years

24

what foods are avoided until at least 1 year of age?

fish, egg whites, wheat, citrus fruits, nuts, chocolate; due to risk of allergies

25

development quotient

developmental age/chronologic age; greater than 85 is normal, less than 70 is abnormal