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Flashcards in peds90 Deck (12):
1

diagnosis of giardia

direct exam of stool for cysts; or stool ELISA

2

management of giardia

metronidazole or furazolidone

3

malaria caused by what

four species of plasmodium

4

clinical features of malaria

vague flu-like symptoms, then cyclical fevers every 48-72 hours; hemolytic anemia may occur, as well as splenomegaly, jaundice, and hypoglycemia; cerebral malaria, renal failure, shock, and resp failure

5

why do you get cyclical fevers in malaria?

correlate with RBC rupture and subsequent parasitemia

6

diagnosis of malaria

identify the parasite on thin and thick Giemsa stained peripheral blood smears

7

management of malaria

choroquine, quinine, quinidine gluconate, mefloquin, or doxycycline

8

prophylaxis for malaria

oral chloroquine, mefloquine, doxycycline, or atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride

9

transmission of toxoplasmosis

direct contact with cat feces, ingestion of undercooked meat or veggies contaminated with cysts; transplacental passage; exposure to contaminated blood products, or organ transplant

10

clinical features of toxo

most patients asymp; symptoms if present are mono-like illness

11

how could you get reactivatio of toxo?

if you become immunosupp; important opportunist in HIV infection;

12

how do patients with HIV present with toxo?

focal seizures