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Flashcards in peds24 Deck (24):
1

amblyopia

poor vision caused by abrnomal visual stim that results in abnormal visual development

2

most common cause of decr vision during childhood

amblyopia

3

anisometropia

signif differences in refractive errors between the eyes

4

neonatal conjunctivitis

aka opthalmia neonatorum; conjunctivitis during the first month of life

5

causes of neonatal conjunctivits

infection acquiredthrough the birth canal (g, c, hsv) or chemical 1% silver nitrate used to prevent gonorrhea)

6

most common cause of red watery eyes in the first 24 hours of life

chemical conjunctivitis; self limited and lasts for 24 hours

7

differential of red teary eye in newborn

conjunctivitis, congenital glaucoma, dacrocystitis, endophthalmitis

8

congenital glaucoma

characterized by clear tears, nelarged cornea, and corneal edema

9

dacrocystitis

infection of he nasolacrimal sac

10

endopthalmitis

infection within the eye itself; a rare but devastating infection that often results in blindness

11

cataract- red reflex finding?

dark, dull, or white reflex

12

vitreous hemorrhage- what is red reflex finding?

dark or dull reflex

13

retinoblastoma- what is red reflex finding

yellow or white reflex

14

anisometropia- what is red reflex finding?

unequal red reflex

15

strabismus- what is red reflex finding?

brighter red reflex in deviated eye; corneal light reflex will be uncentered

16

glaucoma- red reflex?

dull reflex

17

conjunctivitis within the first 24 hours, watery discharde

chemical conjunctivitis

18

conjunctivitis in the first 2-4 days of life, purulent discharge, eyelid swelling

gonorrhea (can lead to corneal ulcer)

19

conjunctitivits during the first 4-10 days of life serous or purulent discharge, variable lid swellng

chlamydia

20

conjunctivitis during 6 days to 2 weeks of life, unilateral, serous discharge

HSV

21

treatment for gonorrhea conjunctivitis

IV cef and topical erythromycin; also treat parents

22

treatment for chlamydia conjunctivits

oral erythromicin; treat parents

23

treatment for HSV conjunctivitis

IV acyclovir and topical trifluorothymidine

24

differential for red eye in older kids

viral, bacterial, and allergic conjunctivitis, as well as blepharitis