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Flashcards in peds88 Deck (15):
1

treatment for pinworm

mebendazole, albendazole, or pyrantel pamoat; treat all close contacts

2

how is pinworm transmitted?

fecal-oral transmission of eggs

3

which helminths are associated with iron def anemia?

necator americanus and ancylostoma duodenale (hook worm)

4

clinical features of hook worm infection

rash and pruritis at site of penetration; iron def anemia

5

how is hookworm infection acquired?

percutaneous infection through bare foot that stems on soil with human feces; larvae go to lung and then are coughed up and swallowed

6

strongyloides infection- how it is acquired?

same has hookworm; feet to lungs to esoph to intestines

7

clinical features of strongyloides infection

transient pruritic papules at site of penetration; pneumonitis, GI sx; eosinophilia

8

cutaneous larva migrans clinical features

migrating, pruritic, serpiginous erythematous tracks on skin

9

treatment for cutaneous larva migrans

resolves without treatment; can use ivermectin, thiabendazole, or albendazole for severe cases

10

toxocara canis or cati infection (visceral larva migrans)- how is it acquired

most common in kids less than 4 who have pica; ingestion of eggs from contaminates soil or dog fur; larvae released from eggs and migrate through tissues

11

clinical features of toxocara canis

generalized VLM (fever, eosinophilia, hepatomegaly, malaise, cough, myocarditis) or ocular LVM (retinal granulomas or endopthalmitis)

12

management of most helminth infections

mebendazole, albendazol, pyrantel pamoate, ivermectin, screen all close contacts

13

where does RMSF primarily occur?

southeastern regions of the US

14

when does RMSF infection usually occur?

spring and summer

15

clinical feature of RMSF

fever, rash; myalgias, hepatosplenomegaly and jaundice; CNS symptoms like headache, coma and seizures; hypotension