Prevention of Stroke Flashcards Preview

Medicine, Year 2, Block 12 (Neurological, Neuromuscular, and MSK Diseases) > Prevention of Stroke > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prevention of Stroke Deck (11):
1

What are 6 modifiable risk factors for stroke?

Hypertension
Diabetes
Atrial Fibrillation
Smoking
Hyperlipidaemia
Obesity

2

What are the two types of stroke which can occur?

Ischaemic
Haemorrhagic

3

Define "primary prevention"

Preventing the onset of disease before it has occurred

4

Define "secondary prevention"

Intervene and hopefully limit disease before it fully develop

5

Describe the rhythm of Atrial Fibrillation

Irregularly irregular

6

What does the P wave on an ECG illustrate?

Atrial depolarisation

7

Name 1 Risk Score to assess likelihood of developing a Stroke?

CHADS score
QRISK2

8

What is cardio-version?

A procedure by which an abnormally fast heart rate (tachycardia) or other cardiac arrhythmia is converted to a normal rhythm using electricity or drugs

9

What is the "Prevention Paradox"?

The majority of cases of a disease come from a population at low or moderate risk of that disease

10

What is NNT "Number needed to treat"

Average number of patients who need to be treated to prevent one additional bad outcome

11

What is a Carotid Endarterectomy?

Surgery used to reduce risk of stroke by correcting stenosis (narrowing) in the common carotid artery or internal carotid artery