Flashcards in Reporting Quiz #1 Deck (66):
an event or occurrence happening the day or of the day before the story is published
why is timeliness newsworthy?
because of its new-ness and immdiacy
and event relevant and of interest to readers because it happened in or around their community
timeliness is immediately....
happening or breaking
physical closeness to the event
identify with event for reasons that "hit close to home"
anything out of ordinary or bizarre or humorous
novelty often falls under?
entertainment/soft news category
Stories that involve conflicts between or among people....
governments, businesses, and other entities or forces
in a conflict news value, the story has tension between how many sides?
conflicts may be external tension between competing viewpoints and interests. t/f?
conflicts can only relate to external conflict
false, relates to internal conflict
affects or involves a high number of people
with impact, the more people it affects the.....
the bigger the story
stories focused on important people and household names
prominence news often fall under ? but can include ?
soft news focus on?
people and features that emphasize human interest angles and peoples ives
use what kind of verbs in writing styles?
active, vivid, and descriptive verbs
avid weak verbs such as?
did, go, had
news is usually written in ___ _ tense
keep verb tense _____
avoid ________ when subject is known
Jason tossed the apple core into the trash = active or passive
the apple was tossed into the trash by jason
news is always written in the 2nd person, T/F?
false, always in the third
what are the exceptions when writing in 1st and 2nd persons?
only in direct quotes
avoid what type of adverbs?
excessive and conversational
avoid what type of language?
strive for objectivity or subjectivity in your writing?
descriptive writing is objective or subjective?
example of excessive/conversational adverbs
basically, essentially, literally, completely, totally
interpretive writing is objective or subjective
objective or subjective is less credible?
what are the 5W's
who, what, when, where, why (and how)
why are quotes important?
they breath life into a news story and substantiate info with credible sourcee
quotes should not repeat what?
previously stated info
quotes should add?
new elements to the story
quotes don't need to paint a complete picture, t/f?
false, it should paint a more complete picture
_____ need attribution; common facts do not
don't attribute background info, info considered general knowledge, and info....
you directly observe
anything unsubstantiated, evaluative, accusatory must be?
attributed to an identified source
are government agencies credible web sources?
is department websites credible web sources?
are .org sites credible web sources?
press releases and _____ are credible web sourcces
public records are credible web sources, t/f?
Municipal reports: police, fire, budgets, health inspections are public records, t/f?
Real estate transactions and property deeds
are public records, t/f?
personal matters between employer and employee are public records, t/f?
Salaries of state/federal employees are public records, t/f?
Court records and proceedings
are public records, t/f?
health records are public records, t/f?
Tax records and motor vehicle registrations are public records, t/f?
Building permits; public utility records are public records, t/f?
rape victims are public records, t/f?
conversations used for the specific purpose of gathering information
closed ended questions solicit?
yes or no responses
open ended questions solicit?
elaborate responses, usually in a form of how or why
shows commitment to getting the story right
what are the 3 question forms to avoid?
loaded, leading, and double barreled
loaded question form
worded to suggest your mind is made up or you already formed opinion
leading question form
implies what you think happened
double barreled question form
2 partner that may have more than 1 answer
“Will your budget scheme save the city from bankruptcy?" is an example of which question forms to avoid
loaded bc of scheme
"Ex: Was Gennifer Flowers your lover for 12 years?" is an example of which question forms to avoid