Reporting Quiz #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Reporting Quiz #1 Deck (66):
1

timeliness

an event or occurrence happening the day or of the day before the story is published

2

why is timeliness newsworthy?

because of its new-ness and immdiacy

3

proximity

and event relevant and of interest to readers because it happened in or around their community

4

timeliness is immediately....

happening or breaking

5

geographic proximity

physical closeness to the event

6

figurative proximity

identify with event for reasons that "hit close to home"

7

novelty

anything out of ordinary or bizarre or humorous

8

novelty often falls under?

entertainment/soft news category

9

Stories that involve conflicts between or among people....

governments, businesses, and other entities or forces

10

in a conflict news value, the story has tension between how many sides?

2+ sides

11

conflicts may be external tension between competing viewpoints and interests. t/f?

true

12

conflicts can only relate to external conflict

false, relates to internal conflict

13

impact

affects or involves a high number of people

14

with impact, the more people it affects the.....

the bigger the story

15

prominence

stories focused on important people and household names

16

prominence news often fall under ? but can include ?

entertainment/hard news

17

soft news focus on?

people and features that emphasize human interest angles and peoples ives

18

use what kind of verbs in writing styles?

active, vivid, and descriptive verbs

19

avid weak verbs such as?

did, go, had

20

news is usually written in ___ _ tense

past tense

21

keep verb tense _____

consist

22

avoid ________ when subject is known

passive voice

23

Jason tossed the apple core into the trash = active or passive

active

24

the apple was tossed into the trash by jason

passive

25

news is always written in the 2nd person, T/F?

false, always in the third

26

what are the exceptions when writing in 1st and 2nd persons?

only in direct quotes

27

avoid what type of adverbs?

excessive and conversational

28

avoid what type of language?

loaded

29

strive for objectivity or subjectivity in your writing?

objectivity

30

descriptive writing is objective or subjective?

objective

31

example of excessive/conversational adverbs

basically, essentially, literally, completely, totally

32

interpretive writing is objective or subjective

subjective

33

objective or subjective is less credible?

subjective

34

what are the 5W's

who, what, when, where, why (and how)

35

why are quotes important?

they breath life into a news story and substantiate info with credible sourcee

36

quotes should not repeat what?

previously stated info

37

quotes should add?

new elements to the story

38

quotes don't need to paint a complete picture, t/f?

false, it should paint a more complete picture

39

_____ need attribution; common facts do not

claims

40

don't attribute background info, info considered general knowledge, and info....

you directly observe

41

anything unsubstantiated, evaluative, accusatory must be?

attributed to an identified source

42

are government agencies credible web sources?

yes

43

is department websites credible web sources?

yes

44

are .org sites credible web sources?

no

45

press releases and _____ are credible web sourcces

official statement

46

public records are credible web sources, t/f?

true

47

Municipal reports: police, fire, budgets, health inspections are public records, t/f?

true

48

Real estate transactions and property deeds
are public records, t/f?

true

49

personal matters between employer and employee are public records, t/f?

false

50

Salaries of state/federal employees are public records, t/f?

true

51

Court records and proceedings
are public records, t/f?

true

52

health records are public records, t/f?

false

53

Tax records and motor vehicle registrations are public records, t/f?

true

54

Building permits; public utility records are public records, t/f?

true

55

rape victims are public records, t/f?

false

56

interviews

conversations used for the specific purpose of gathering information

57

closed ended questions solicit?

yes or no responses

58

open ended questions solicit?

elaborate responses, usually in a form of how or why

59

follow up

shows commitment to getting the story right

60

what are the 3 question forms to avoid?

loaded, leading, and double barreled

61

loaded question form

worded to suggest your mind is made up or you already formed opinion

62

leading question form

implies what you think happened

63

double barreled question form

2 partner that may have more than 1 answer

64

“Will your budget scheme save the city from bankruptcy?" is an example of which question forms to avoid

loaded bc of scheme

65

"Ex: Was Gennifer Flowers your lover for 12 years?" is an example of which question forms to avoid

doubled barreled

66

“Did the robber carry a shotgun?” is an example of which question forms to avoid

leading bc of shotgun