Flashcards in 106 Midterm Deck (44):
person place thing or idea
nouns that are capitalized
a word used in place of a noun, usually substitutes for a specific noun
example of personal pronoun
i, me, he/she, him, it, we, us, you, they, them
example or possessive pronoun
my, mine, your, yours, his/hers, ours, their, theirs
example of intensive/reflexive pronouns
myself, yourself, him/herself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
define relative pronouns
introduce subordinate clauses functioning as adjectives
examples of relative pronouns
who, whom, whose, which, that, whichever, whoever
define intensive/reflexive pronouns
emphasize a noun or another pronoun
define indefinite pronouns
refer to nonspecific persons or things
all, anything, something, everyone, nobody, several are examples of what type of pronoun?
usually expresses an action (jump, sing) or being (is, become)
how to differentiate helping verbs
there are in the forms of have, do, and be such as have, has, do, did, be, am is, was
a word used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun
and adjective usually asks one of what questions?
what kind of?
_____ are describers
word used to modify, qualify, a verb, and adjective, or another adverb
what questions are usually asked in adverbs?
under what conditions?
to what degree?
Adverbs modifying adjectives or other adverbs usually ?
intensify or limit the intensity of the word they modify
ex: be [extremely] kind....
we proceeded [very] cautiously in the dark house
a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase that modifies another word in the sentence
they join words, phrases, or clauses and indicate the relation between the elements joined
where does FANBOYS go?
in coordinating conjunctions
come in pairs, they connect grammatically equal elements
examples of correlative conjunctions
not only ....but also
[either] the painting was brilliant [or] it was forgery
define subordinating conjunctions
introduces a subordinate clause and indicates the relation of the clause to the rest of the sentence
examples of subordinating clause
after, although, as, bc, before, that, since, than, that , though, when
a word used to express surprise or emotion
example of interjections
explain verb tenses
in a paragraph, the sentence needs to stay constant. so if the independent clause is in the present tense, the rest of the sentence must be in the present tense, not the past or future
an infinitive consists of?
"to" plus the base form of a verb.
ex: to think, to breathe, to dance
many adverbs are formed by ?
adding -ly to adjectives
normally, smoothly, softly, etc
good is an adverb, t/f?
false, it is an adjective
well is an adverb when it?
modifies a verb
phrases are group of words that function?
in a sentence as a single part of speech
phrases can stand alone as independent units. T/F
false, they cannot stand alone.
a group of words that begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun is what phrase?
a type of prepositional phrase that modifies a noun is what phrase?
a type of prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb is what phrase?
nouns or pronouns with modifiers. They rename a noun or pronoun. this is what phrase?
a verb form ued as another part of speech. this is what phrase?
a form of a verb that functions as an adjective is what phrase
a form of a verb that functions as a noun. they always en in -ing and always act as nouns. what phrase is this?