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Flashcards in 106 Midterm Deck (44):
1

define noun

person place thing or idea

2

proper noun

nouns that are capitalized

3

pronoun

a word used in place of a noun, usually substitutes for a specific noun

4

example of personal pronoun

i, me, he/she, him, it, we, us, you, they, them

5

example or possessive pronoun

my, mine, your, yours, his/hers, ours, their, theirs

6

example of intensive/reflexive pronouns

myself, yourself, him/herself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves

7

define relative pronouns

introduce subordinate clauses functioning as adjectives

8

examples of relative pronouns

who, whom, whose, which, that, whichever, whoever

9

define intensive/reflexive pronouns

emphasize a noun or another pronoun

10

define indefinite pronouns

refer to nonspecific persons or things

11

all, anything, something, everyone, nobody, several are examples of what type of pronoun?

indefinite pronoun

12

define verb

usually expresses an action (jump, sing) or being (is, become)

13

how to differentiate helping verbs

there are in the forms of have, do, and be such as have, has, do, did, be, am is, was

14

define adjective

a word used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun

15

and adjective usually asks one of what questions?

which one?

what kind of?

how many?

16

_____ are describers

adjectives

17

define adverb

word used to modify, qualify, a verb, and adjective, or another adverb

18

what questions are usually asked in adverbs?

when?
where?
how?
why?
under what conditions?
to what degree?

19

Adverbs modifying adjectives or other adverbs usually ?

intensify or limit the intensity of the word they modify

ex: be [extremely] kind....

we proceeded [very] cautiously in the dark house

20

define preposition

a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase that modifies another word in the sentence

21

define conjunctions

they join words, phrases, or clauses and indicate the relation between the elements joined

22

FANBOYS

for
and
nor
but
or
yet
so

23

where does FANBOYS go?

in coordinating conjunctions

24

correlative conjunctions

come in pairs, they connect grammatically equal elements

25

examples of correlative conjunctions

either....or
neither...nor
not only ....but also
whether... or
both ...and

[either] the painting was brilliant [or] it was forgery

26

define subordinating conjunctions

introduces a subordinate clause and indicates the relation of the clause to the rest of the sentence

27

examples of subordinating clause

after, although, as, bc, before, that, since, than, that , though, when

28

interjections

a word used to express surprise or emotion

29

example of interjections

oh! wow!

30

explain verb tenses

in a paragraph, the sentence needs to stay constant. so if the independent clause is in the present tense, the rest of the sentence must be in the present tense, not the past or future

31

an infinitive consists of?

"to" plus the base form of a verb.

ex: to think, to breathe, to dance

32

many adverbs are formed by ?

adding -ly to adjectives

normally, smoothly, softly, etc

33

good is an adverb, t/f?

false, it is an adjective

good peformance

34

well is an adverb when it?

modifies a verb

speak well
dances well

35

phrases are group of words that function?

in a sentence as a single part of speech

36

phrases can stand alone as independent units. T/F

false, they cannot stand alone.

37

a group of words that begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun is what phrase?

prepositional phrase

38

a type of prepositional phrase that modifies a noun is what phrase?

adjectival phrase

39

a type of prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb is what phrase?

adverbial phrase

40

nouns or pronouns with modifiers. They rename a noun or pronoun. this is what phrase?

appositive phrase

41

a verb form ued as another part of speech. this is what phrase?

verbal

42

a form of a verb that functions as an adjective is what phrase

participle phrase

43

a form of a verb that functions as a noun. they always en in -ing and always act as nouns. what phrase is this?

gerund phrase

44

a verb form that comes after the word "to" and functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb. what phrase is this?

infinitive phrase