Flashcards in Set 34 respiratory, histology, urogenital Pg 45, 46 Deck (37):
What are the sinuses?
Frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, maxillary
What is the roof of the nasal cavity?
Where does the larynx run?
pharynx to trachea
What are the cartilages of the larynx?
thyroid, cricoid, epiglottis, arytenoid, corniculate, and cuneiform
What muscles close the nasopharynx during swallowing?
mylohyoid and digastric
What houses the palatine tonsils?
What is the function of the esophagus?
acts as a sphincter for food passage
What is the esophagus made up of?
smooth and skeletal muscle
What is the carina?
the division of the trachea into primary bronchi
Describe the right bronchi:
shorter, fatter, and vertical
Describe the left bronchi:
longer, narrower, and horizontal
How many lobes are in the right lung?
3 superior, middle, inferior
How many lobes are in the left lung?
2 upper and lower
What is found on the upper lobe of the left lung?
cardiac notch and lingula
What is the function of simple squamous cells?
gas exchange, found in alveoli and capillaries
What is the function of stratified squamous cells?
protection, found on inner linings and skin
What is the function of cuboidal cells?
small ducts and tubes for absorption, found in salivary glands, kidney tubules, and pancreatic ducts
What is the function of simple columnar cells?
absorption and secretion of mucous and enzymes, found in GI tract
What is the function of ciliated columnar cells?
absorption and secretion and moving things along, small bronchi and uterine tubes
What is the function of pseudostratified ciliated columnar cells?
secretion and movement, respiratory tract
What is the function of transitional epithelium?
distension, bladder, urethra, uterus
Which kidney is lower?
right, because of the liver
What is the route of sperm travel?
seminiferous tubules, rete testis,efferent ductules, head, tail epididymis, vas deferens, urethra
What is the pH of semen?
What hormone controls spermatogenesis?
What nutures immature sperm?
What hormone predominates in pregnancy?
What hormone is secreted by the corpus luteum?
esterogen, then progesterone
anchors ovaries medially
anchors ovaries laterally
supports uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina
What are the functions of estrogen?
enlarge the uterus, maintains and prevents degeneration of reproductive organs, and responsible for proliferation
When does progesterone increase?
What is the function of FSH?
matures follicle and proliferates
What is the function of LH?
stimulates pre-ovulating follicle causing rupture of follicle and ovulation
What is the function of HCG?
maintains corpus luteum