Set 34 respiratory, histology, urogenital Pg 45, 46 Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 1 > Set 34 respiratory, histology, urogenital Pg 45, 46 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Set 34 respiratory, histology, urogenital Pg 45, 46 Deck (37):
1

What are the sinuses?

Frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, maxillary

2

What is the roof of the nasal cavity?

cribriform plate

3

Where does the larynx run?

pharynx to trachea

4

What are the cartilages of the larynx?

thyroid, cricoid, epiglottis, arytenoid, corniculate, and cuneiform

5

What muscles close the nasopharynx during swallowing?

mylohyoid and digastric

6

What houses the palatine tonsils?

palatoglossus

7

What is the function of the esophagus?

acts as a sphincter for food passage

8

What is the esophagus made up of?

smooth and skeletal muscle

9

What is the carina?

the division of the trachea into primary bronchi

10

Describe the right bronchi:

shorter, fatter, and vertical

11

Describe the left bronchi:

longer, narrower, and horizontal

12

How many lobes are in the right lung?

3 superior, middle, inferior

13

How many lobes are in the left lung?

2 upper and lower

14

What is found on the upper lobe of the left lung?

cardiac notch and lingula

15

What is the function of simple squamous cells?

gas exchange, found in alveoli and capillaries

16

What is the function of stratified squamous cells?

protection, found on inner linings and skin

17

What is the function of cuboidal cells?

small ducts and tubes for absorption, found in salivary glands, kidney tubules, and pancreatic ducts

18

What is the function of simple columnar cells?

absorption and secretion of mucous and enzymes, found in GI tract

19

What is the function of ciliated columnar cells?

absorption and secretion and moving things along, small bronchi and uterine tubes

20

What is the function of pseudostratified ciliated columnar cells?

secretion and movement, respiratory tract

21

What is the function of transitional epithelium?

distension, bladder, urethra, uterus

22

Which kidney is lower?

right, because of the liver

23

What is the route of sperm travel?

seminiferous tubules, rete testis,efferent ductules, head, tail epididymis, vas deferens, urethra

24

What is the pH of semen?

7.2

25

What hormone controls spermatogenesis?

FSH

26

What nutures immature sperm?

sertoli cells

27

What hormone predominates in pregnancy?

progesterone

28

What hormone is secreted by the corpus luteum?

esterogen, then progesterone

29

Ovarian ligament:

anchors ovaries medially

30

Suspensory ligament:

anchors ovaries laterally

31

broad ligament:

supports uterine tubes, uterus, and vagina

32

What are the functions of estrogen?

enlarge the uterus, maintains and prevents degeneration of reproductive organs, and responsible for proliferation

33

When does progesterone increase?

pregnancy

34

What is the function of FSH?

matures follicle and proliferates

35

What is the function of LH?

stimulates pre-ovulating follicle causing rupture of follicle and ovulation

36

What is the function of HCG?

maintains corpus luteum

37

What is the most frequently detected hormone in home pregnancy tests?

HCG