T1-Adolescents Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in T1-Adolescents Deck (65):
1

What is the age for adolescents?

12-20

2

What is Erikson's stage for adolescents?

Identity vs. Role confusion

3

Is there slow or rapid growth?

Rapid

4

How are growth changes happen?

Dramatic and sudden

5

_____ occurs during adolescence.

Sexual development

6

Do adolescents need more or less sleep than other years?

More rest is needed

7

When do boys reach max height?

18-19

8

When do girls reach max height?

15-16

9

Adolescents have _____ changes

neuro-endocrine changes

10

What kind of thought do adolescents have?

Operational thought

11

What are some health concerns for this age group?

Acne
Sexual behavior
Driving
Suicide
Risk behaviors
Eating disorders

12

What us a response to identity confusion?

Intolerance

13

What is a significant part of adolescence?

Sexual identification

14

What are adolescents concerned about?

Body and appearance

15

The need for _____ may cause conflict

Independence

16

What are very important in adolescents?

Peer groups

17

Adolescents are going to start to absorb and use ____.

Information

18

Adolescents still want to _____

Do the right thing

19

What do adolescents start to examine?

Values and morals

20

What are adolescents reactions to separation?

-Welcome it from parents
-Consider separation from peer group as a terrible threat

21

What are some teenage health problems?

Alcohol
Tobacco
Drug abuse
Athletic injuries
Eating disorders
Car accidents

22

When is the final 20-25% of height achieved?

Puberty

23

What may appear during adolescence?

Acne

24

When do girls stop growing?

2-2.5 years after the onset of menarche

25

When do boys stop growing?

18-20 years

26

What is the sexual maturation order for boys?

1. Testicular enlargement
2. Pubic hair growth
3. Facial hair growth
4. Vocal changes

27

What is sexual maturation order for girls?

1. Breast development
2. Pubic hair growth (some girls experience hair growth before breast development)
3. Axillary hair growth
4. Menstruation

28

What should boys expect during puberty?

The testicular enlargement will occur between 9.5-14 years of age, then the pubic hair, during the early puberty boys increase in muscularity, voice changes, and may begin to develop facial hair.

29

What is common during midpuberty for boys?

Gynecomastia

30

What is a boys response to puberty?

May become troubled, puzzled and embarrassed especially during times of premature spontaneous ejactulation

31

What do girls expect during puberty?

Development of a small bud of breast tissue, which is the most easily visible change of puberty (thelarche); pubic hair follows breast development; then menarche

32

What is the average age of thelarche in girls?

Caucasian girls=10
African American girls= 9 years

33

Menarche is the last part of puberty in girls. When does this occur?

2 years after the appearance of breast buds

34

When do girls have regular menstrual periods?

6-14 months after menarche

35

What are girls responses to puberty?

Girls are more likely to identify as being overweight with early developing girls staring diets to look slim like cultural norms---unfortinately nutrition is very important during this time

36

Sexual maturation influences satisfaction with their appearance. Who does this happen in more: boys or girls?

GIRLS

37

What is Freuds stage of psychosexual development in adolescents? Explain

Genital

-Settling down in loving one-to-one relationship with another person in our 20s
-Heterosexual pleasure, rather than self
-Sexual instinct in adults is intercourse

38

What does fixation of the ORAL stage result in?

A person gaining sexual pleasure primarily from kissing and oral sex, rather than sexual intercourse

39

What is Piagets stage of cognitive development in adolescents?

Formal operations

40

Being able to think in abstract terms, think about possibilities, and think through hypotheses

Formal operations

41

What is Eriksons stage for this age and describe.

Identity vs. Role confusion

Develop personal identity and view themselves as unique individuals if they succeed this task; group identity

42

Adolescents become part of a peer group that greatly influences their behavior

Group identity

43

Adolescents develop a sense of personal identity and come to view themselves as unique individuals

Individual

44

Adolescents bemuse part of a peer group that greatly influences their behavior

Group identity

45

Begins with close, same-sex friendships during early adolescence which sometimes involve sexual experimentation driven by curiosity; transition from same-sex friendships to intimate relationships with the opposite sex during middle adolescence

Sex role

46

How does self exploration occur?

Masturbation

47

What is the developmental course of intimacy?

1. Self focused
2. Role focused
3. Individual connect

48

What happens in late adolescence?

Sexual identity typically is formed through the integration of sexual experiences, feelings, and knowledge

49

How do adolescents solve moral development?

Using internalized moral principles

50

Adolescents ____ relevance of existent moral values to society and individuals.

Question

51

Religious beliefs may become more ___ during adolescent

abstract

52

What may late adolescents do in regards do spiritual development?

May reexamine and reevaluate their beliefs from childhood

53

How do late adolescents reexamine and reevaluate their beliefs?

Question family values and ideals, move to philosophic thinking, and emphasis on personal religion

54

What is the role of emotions in adolescents?

1. Adolescent egocentrism
2. Self absorption
3. Health related beliefs

55

What are the 2 types of health related beliefs in adolescents?

1. Imaginary audience (everyone is watching)
2. Personal fable (won't happen to me)

56

What are some activities and interest of the adolescent?

Caring for a pet
Career training programs
Reading
Social events (movies, school dances)

57

Discuss the parent-child relationship during adolescence.

Parent child relationships change to allow a greater sense of independence

58

What type of play do adolescents engage in?

-Nonviolent video games (?lol...COD?)
-Nonviolent music and reading (?lol...)
-Team sports
-Peer interactions

59

Discuss the importance of peers to the adolescent.

Adolescents develop a sense of personal identity, and come to view themselves as unique individuals; group identity (peer group influences behavior)

60

What happens in social development?

Peer relationships develop--support system from adolescents

Best friend relationships are more stable and longer lasting than previous years

61

What are the nutritional needs of the adolescent and what characteristics of adolescence may inhibit good nutrition?

Rapid growth and high metabolism require increases in quality nutrients and make adolescents unable to tolerate caloric restrictions

62

What sort nutrients may be needed during periods of rapid growth?

Calcium
Iron
Zinc

63

T/F: Only overeating present special challenges during the adolescent years

FALSE--UNDEREATING presents challenges too!!!

64

What are major fears of the adolescent?

Fears:
-Acceptance
-Relationships with friends
-Physical appearance
-Reluctant to seek health care b/c of confidential services (sexual behaviors, substance abuse behaviors, depression/suicidal thoughts, physical/emotional abuse)

*(gay, lesbian, bisexual adolescents have problems with all this even more!)

65

How does hospitalization affect the fears of adolescents?

-Body image disturbance (due to med problem eating habits, obesity)
-Attempts to maintain composure but is embarrassed about losing control
-Feelings of isolation from peers
-Worries about outcome/impact on school and activities
-May not adhere to treatment/medications due to peer influence

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